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Under trellises you usually understand lattice-like constructions that give climbing plants hold and so provide vertical greening on the balcony, terrace or in the garden. At the same time, they can be decorative decoration objects, but also give the garden structure and serve as a visual and wind protection. Which type of climbing aid you choose depends not only on the local conditions at your home, but also on the planned type of planting. Here you will find an overview of the different models as well as the different uses and planting possibilities of trellises.
Trellises are available in a variety of shapes and designs: they form a shady roof, a bow, a wall, or just columns or posts on which plants can emerge. A pergola, which acts as a sunshade on the terrace, can be as much a climbing aid as a rose arch or an entire pergola. Overgrown fences look like a hedge from afar, trellises like green room dividers, which create cozy lounges. Corner trellises are also suitable for balconies and offer a wonderful natural visibility and wind protection. Wicker fences made of flexible willow branches are already very harmonious in the garden, but can also serve well as a climbing aid for example Selbstklimmer (see below). There are individual plant or spiral rods on which climbing plants can grow or also shapely fan handles in different sizes, which represent an ornament for each terrace or house wall.
Material and construction
Trellises are usually made of metal (stainless, hot-dip galvanized or powder-coated steel or stainless steel), wood or plastic. The models made of wood are mostly made of tropical or domestic hardwoods like the robinia. Trellises can be mounted standing, hanging or taut. Very common are grids or nets as well as the classic round arches. Wrought iron models are often provided with beautiful ornaments or worked so elaborately that they give a great sight in the garden, even without complete planting.
Attractive tendrils are from the beginning an eye-catcher in the garden
Build Climbing Aids yourself
For home improvement and hobbyists, it is easy to build his own climbing aids. For this you can either get the complete kit from the hardware store or make a model according to your wishes and in individual dimensions. Basically, the principle is always the same: wooden frames, metal bars or cords are stretched between frames. Then the scaffolding must be firmly anchored in the ground or a planter. With concrete point foundations or ground anchors you provide the necessary stability. The design options are very versatile. For example, you can easily make a wooden frame and fill it with small wooden strips in a free arrangement. With different colors, it quickly becomes an art object. But you can also harness nets made of ropes in the frame. Different colors or abstract patterns can be used to create unique trellises. You are particularly quick when you use a steel mesh mat. This only has to be folded over at the bottom U-shaped and placed in a sturdy flower box.
Tip: In order to make weather-resistant wooden climbing aids, you should treat the surfaces with an impregnation or protective paint. Be sure to use only environmentally and plant compatible agents!
Planting of trellises
Trellis aids are used for climbing plants that thrive on it. But these differ in their growth form and thus make different demands on the framework. We introduce you to the different types of Rankt.
A towering rank pyramid is ideal for hops very well
Winder or Schlinger wind themselves with all their impulses around the Rankhilfe and grow so purposefully in the height. One differentiates between left and right loops. The rods or ropes of the trellis must therefore run vertically and not horizontally for these plants. Depending on the size of the crop, also plan enough space around it. Strong-growing climbing plants such as the wisteria (Wisteria) need well and like 20 centimeters distance between the climbing aid and, for example, the house wall. In the honeysuckle (Lonicera), however, five centimeters are sufficient. Hops (Humulus), Pipe winds (Aristolochia) and Akebia (Akebia) are also among the winders.
Most often, climbing aids are planted with climbing roses. These belong to the so-called Spreizklimmern, with their spines, thorns, bristles or side shoots firmly anchored in the framework - but you have to braid them by hand in the grid, since they have no adhesive organs.If the climbing aid has a very smooth surface, the shoots must be additionally tied. In the case of climbing roses choose a generous grid width of at least 30 centimeters, so that the plants have enough space. The distance to the facade should be about 20 centimeters. Since the spread climmers develop quite a bit of weight over time, a stable anchoring in the ground and a solid climbing aid with sufficient load capacity is an absolute must. Trellises also belongs to the Spreizklimmern and thrives particularly well on scaffolding with a horizontal orientation. This ensures good fruit and flower formation. In addition to the climbing roses, winter jasmine (Jasminum nudiflorum) and blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) are decorative representatives of this group.
Blackberries have no adhesive organs and must be wound by hand around the trellis
Self-climmers such as ivy (Hedera) or wild wine (Parthenocissus) conquer entire house facades in no time and do not need a climbing aid. They have adhesive roots or adhesive disks with which they can be found on almost all surfaces. Therefore they are also called root climbers. If you would like to do without any damage to the house wall, overgrown gutters or clogged ventilation exits, you can also plant self-climbers with a climbing aid for facade or wall greening. This will save you the trouble afterwards, to remove the residues of the plants with a high-pressure cleaner or a wire brush. However, self-climbers are best suited for planting trellis aids such as pergolas, privacy screens or garden walls. Here they do no harm and offer a pretty sight. Although climbing hydrangeas (Hydrangea anom. Subsp. Petiolaris) and trumpet flowers (Campsis) are also self-climbers, they need an additional climbing aid made of sturdy wires or rods for optimum growth. Due to their own weight, they should also be secured with ropes, such as hemp or jute.
A simple wooden fan lock holds the Clematis and lets it decoratively rise in height
Rankers have long petioles or corkscrew-shaped holding organs, with which they wind around a trellis aid. The mesh size should not be too large for them and the individual struts should be evenly arranged. Thus, the plants develop evenly and soon form a dense wall. So that clematis (Clematis), vetch (Lathyrus), passionflower (Passiflora) and Co. also find good support, the bars should not be wider than a thumb.