Build a ranch for raspberries yourself


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Raspberry tendrils not only provide abundant yields, they also make harvesting easier so you can pick the tasty fruit in passing, so to speak. If you plant a sufficient amount of shrubs while selecting the orchard and choose different varieties, their different ripening times will result in a long harvest season: from June to July, summer raspberries will be followed by autumn raspberries from August. They should all be cultivated on trellis aids. We will show you how to build a trellis for raspberries yourself step by step.

Classically, as a trellis for raspberries are placed about one meter high posts, between which you stretch three rows of wires. At these the individual rods can be attached. We opted for a more stable variant with squared lumber, which are firmly anchored with ground impact sleeves. The raspberry rods find a secure hold on horizontally mounted bamboo sticks.

You need it for a raspberry palate

Material for the construction of a raspberry palate

When the material for the raspberry palate is ready, you can start

Material for 3 m planting strips:

  • 8 autumn raspberries 'Autumn Bliss'
  • 3 square stones (7 x 7 x 180 cm)
  • 2 fence latches (3 x 7.5 x 200 cm) for 8 crossbars à 40 cm
  • 8 bamboo sticks (150 cm)
  • 3 impact sleeves (75 x 7.1 x 7.1 cm)
  • 3 post caps (2.7 x 7.1 x 7.1 cm)
  • 6 hexagon screws (M10 x 90 mm)
  • 6 hex nuts (M10)
  • 12 washers (10.5 x 20 mm)
  • 16 countersunk screws (5 x 70 mm)
  • 6 countersunk screws (3 x 30 mm)
  • rubberized garden wire
  • potting soil
  • Beer fertilizer
  • grass clippings

Tool:

Jigsaw, cordless screwdriver, electric drill, wood and Forstner drill, propeller and mallet, spirit level, ratchet, wrench, side cutter, folding rule, pencil, wheelbarrow, spade, shovel, hand cultivator, garden hose

Step by step: Building a trellis for raspberries

Impact ground sleeves

Pre-drill holes in the posts

Drive in the bottom sleeves (left) and pre-drill the holes for the hexagon screws (right)

The raspberry climbing aid requires a three meter long and half meter wide bedding strip. The loamy soil should be loosened beforehand with a little potting soil. Place the three bottom impact sleeves at a distance of 1.50 meters in the center of the bed. Use the sledgehammer and an old wooden block to hammer in the pods at earth level. To mark the screw holes, set the 1.80 meter long square tools in the drive collars and then pre-drill the holes with a 10 mm wood drill bit. When drilling the holes, keep the machine straight.

Screw the posts firmly into the ground sleeve

Pre-drill the hole on the crossbar

Screw the posts firmly into the ground insert sleeve (left). Pre-drill holes for the bamboo rods on the crossbars with the Forstnerborher (right)

The erection of the posts is best for two. When tightening the screws with the spirit level, check that the squared timbers are vertical. After mounting the squared timbers, mark the height for the cross struts. We chose 70 and 130 centimeters because the autumn raspberry 'Autumn Bliss', which is to be planted, is up to 1.60 meters high.
Saw the eight cross struts, each 40 cm long, of pressure-impregnated fence bolts. Alternatively, it is also possible to use wood residues with different height and thickness dimensions. Drill one hole each on the outside, 2 centimeters from the edge. There, the bamboo sticks are to be passed later. The hole diameter depends on their thickness. In our case, a 20 mm Forstner drill is used.

Attach cross battens to raspberry palate

Install post caps

Attach the cross rafters for the raspberry palate (left) and assemble the post caps (right)

When attaching the cross struts to the square wood again teamwork is needed. Fix each bar below the marked mark with two countersunk screws - at the outer posts on the inner sides, at the middle on both sides. Galvanized post caps, which can be fastened with short screws, protect the upper pile ends from rot.

Plant raspberries

Mulching raspberries with grass clippings

Plant the poppy raspberries (left) and mulch them after applying the fertilizer and trimming with grass cuttings (right)

At a planting distance of 30 to 40 centimeters, eight raspberries can be found on the rank aid. After spreading the shrubs, dig out the holes and loosen the soil again. Place the potted plants so low that the top of the bale is at the same height as the beetle after pressing. Strongly rooted pot bales are roughened before planting.
Once all plants have been planted, a berry fertilizer is applied and worked into the soil with a hand cultivator. Then water strongly so that no cavities remain in the soil and the soil settles well around the roots. A cover of grass clippings ensures that the soil does not dry out. The mulch layer also suppresses weed growth.The latter is important because raspberries form very shallow roots and these are easily injured when tilled with a hoe.

Attach bamboo sticks to raspberry palate

Fix bamboo sticks

Push the bamboo sticks through the holes on the crossbars (left) and fix the ends (right)

Finally, put the bamboo sticks in the crossbars. The framework prevents the raspberries from falling apart. Wrap the protruding ends of the rods with rubberized garden wire. This is enough so that the bars do not slip out and so they can be removed quickly if they interfere with maintenance work.
If you place several rows, a distance of 1.20 to 2 meters is optimal. With good site conditions and proper care, the shrubs produce good yields for around ten years. After that, they often become susceptible to disease. Then it's time to set new ones. For this, one chooses a place in the garden where no raspberries were left for at least five years.

Video: Build a ranch for raspberries yourself

Video Board: How to Build a Raspberry Trellis.

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