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The Trollblume belongs to those plants, which provide in the spring for the first color highlights in the garden. With their yellow or white globular flower heads, they attract the first bees and provide them with food at the same time.
The Trollblume belongs to the Hahnenfußgewächsen and is thereby also weakly poisonous. However, poisoning is usually not a threat, as the plant is very sharp on the tongue, which is why it is unlikely that dangerous levels will be absorbed. The Trollblume is hardy, why in the garden for them a permanent location should be found, where it also has the possibility to spread.
Site selection at the Trollblume
The wild form of the Trollblume is to be found only rarely and is also under nature protection. The garden troll flower has the same demands on its location as the wild relatives. It prefers moist or shady locations and can be planted in the garden even in places that get little sun. In shady areas, the soil for the plant usually remains sufficiently moist, the Trollblume is more in the sun, it must be sufficiently poured. The plant is also very suitable for wet areas in the garden and can be planted for example at the edge of the pond or in a watercourse. Nevertheless, the soil should be evenly moist and neither build up waterlogging nor dry out the surface. He should also be loamy, but also enough humus available. In nutrient-rich soils, the plant develops very well, which is why it should be fertilized regularly.
The Trollblume is suitable for a group planting with several perennials. The fact that the plant flowers only in spring or early summer, should be in the company of other flowering plants with later flowering, except the green of the leaves is optically sufficient.
Planting and propagation
The Trollblume can be propagated by sowing, which is however very difficult. The seeds germinate only very badly, so it is advisable to plant the perennial directly. In the spring, shrubs are offered in the specialist trade, which already bloom and can later be propagated themselves. Alternatively, the Trollblume can be planted in the fall, which gives them the opportunity to root well. Not only the seeds germinate in the flower of the butterfly, it also hardly forms seeds, which is why an increase by division:
- In good conditions, the plant grows very quickly and requires a lot of area.
- By division, the spread is promoted again and prevent overaging.
- An increase by division takes place in early spring or autumn and this is simply dug up the perennial.
- With grave fork, the root ball of the perennial is carefully divided so as not to damage it too much.
Trollblume - care
Due to their strong growth, the Trollblume should be regularly supplied with liquid fertilizer. Commercially available fertilizers for perennial beds are very well suited for this. In addition, once a year the soil around the troll flower with compost can be improved. If the flower does not grow well despite good fertilization, the fertilizer should be treated with a high percentage of phosphorus.
After flowering, the flower usually attracts by itself, but if inflorescences are present, they must be cut back. During flowering, flowering blooms can be removed on a regular basis, increasing the flowering time and stimulating the flowering of the plant. However, this is not a must, as the plant thrives very well even without extensive care. On occasion, even dead leaves can be removed. After flowering, it is no problem for the flower to be in the shade of larger perennials, yet it should not be completely overgrown, which is why it should preferably be planted in the front of a perennial bed.
Diseases and pests
The butterfly flower is not susceptible to pests, as they also avoid the poisonous plant. Problems could cause the plant only dry years, as it can be affected by mildew here. Therefore, a location should be found in advance, which is airy and the wind can circulate well. As a precaution, the plant can be sprayed or poured once a week with a tea from field horsetail in the spring. If the plant is severely affected, a fungicide should be used in the specialized trade, so as not to endanger surrounding plants.If this does not solve the problem, the plant must be planted in a new location, since otherwise it can lead to a weak development or even dying.
The flower is a very decorative plant in the spring and provides the first bright colors in the garden. The perennial has a very closed growth, which is why it also offers as a low to medium groundcover. It requires little care and is very decorative even after flowering with the green foliage.
Worth knowing about the Trollblume soon
The troll flower, lat. Trollius europaeus, belongs to the family of the Hahnenfußgewächse. The genus Trollius includes 24 species worldwide, a single species, the Trollblume occurs in Central Europe. It is known almost everywhere in Germany under the name buttercup. It is also called the Goldhead, Butterball or Globular.
- For the Trollblume there are still more numerous people names, which refer to the flower shape and color.
- Their homeland has the Trollblume in Europe, particularly in Central and Northern Europe, including the Baltic States.
- It can be found at altitudes up to 3,000 meters. In Germany and Austria it belongs to the protected wild plants.
- Nationwide, the stock is in serious danger. In northwest Germany, the flower of the troll has already disappeared completely.
- In contrast, it is still quite common in Scandinavia and Eastern European mountains.
- The Trollblume reaches a height of about 10 cm and forms bright yellow, spherical flowers.
- Flowering time is from May to June. After the first flowering, it should be cut down so that it can flower a second time.
- The troll flower belongs in the garden to the so-called perennials. Perennials are herbaceous, perennial plants.
- The Trollblume prefers marshy locations up to the shallow water. It is ideal as a shore plant for your garden pond.
- Despite everything, she wants to have it sunny. Likewise, it needs nutrient-rich soil for good growth.
- The flower is slightly toxic. It used to be used as a medicinal herb against scurvy.