Tuberose, Agave polianthes - plants and care

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Tuberose - Agave polianthes

Tuberose, Agave polianthes - plants and care With its variety of flowers, tuberose is a popular plant, which is counted among the family of asparagus plants and subspecies of the agave family. The plant grows from a tuber and has an impressive number of flowers with a fragrant scent. The tuberose is one of the scented roses. Especially in the evening, she exudes her beautiful fragrance.

When should the tuberose be planted out?

The best tuberose should be preferred in the spring. To do this, the bulbs are planted in flower pots with nutrient-rich potting soil in February. The tuber should be covered with a maximum of 2 centimeters of soil and be in a bright but not too warm place. The soil is first kept slightly moist. Once the first leaves appear, more water must be added to the plant. The preferred tuberose may be exposed to the garden in May. The plant prefers a sunny and windless location. The onions of tuberose can also be applied directly in the field. Here, the late March is recommended. In any case the weather has to be observed the frosts do not tolerate tubers. In order to have constantly blooming plants in the garden in summer and autumn, they can also be planted with a time delay. Spread the first onions at the end of March and then put new onions every two weeks. However, this should only happen until the end of April, as later set plants may not bloom. Attention: The tuberose should not be planted on terraces or too close to the house. The tuberous bees magically attract bees with their sweetish smell.
  • Location: Sunny and sheltered from the wind
  • Sowing: Planting time: March to April - Pre-breeding May - June
  • Planting depth: 5 to 7 centimeters
  • Planting distance: Side by side about 15 to 30 centimeters

It depends on the right soil

Tuberose prefers humus-rich and nutrient-rich soil. The soil should be permeable so that no water accumulation forms. Loamy soil should be loosened up with sand, gravel and bark mulch. In addition, the soil should be mixed with some compost. Do not use fresh compost as it often contains bacteria and other pests. For the pre-breeding good potting soil is sufficient, this does not have to be enriched. Acid soils can also be pre-fertilized with lime or dolomite. Not more than 100 grams of lime or dolomite per square meter should be used.

Characteristic features and size of the plants

The tuberose has long pedicels with a variety of small flowers mostly white flowers. It is up to a meter high and about 50 inches wide. Tuberose is known for its intense scent and is also used to make perfume. The plants bloom, depending on the sowing, from July to October. There are also cultivars that bloom pink to reddish.
  • Height: up to one meter
  • Flowering: July to October
  • To dye:
  • Original color: white
  • Breeds: pink to reddish

The proper care of tuberoses

The tuberose is extremely easy to care for. A moist floor, which is poured exclusively with rainwater, is sufficient. The plant must be watered at most once a day. In the early stages, the plant should be gently cast, as the young stems break very quickly. Once the plant has first flowers, it should be supported with wooden sticks.
  • First pour moderately, after budding intensive.
  • Very easy-care plant

Which fertilizer should be used

The tuberose should not be fertilized at the beginning. As soon as the first flower buds appear, a gentle fertilization can take place. Flower fertilizers and mineral fertilizers, which are added to the irrigation water, are best suited. If the plant is in bloom, the dose of flower fertilizer can be increased to obtain strong flowers.

Special features of tuberose, Agave polianthes

The extremely easy-care garden plant is ideal as a cut flower. The strongly fragrant tuberose should not be missing in any cut flower garden. A time-shifted plant allows longer enjoyment of the flowers and it can be cut from July to October constantly fresh flowers.

How to prevent pests and diseases

The tuberose is very rarely attacked by caterpillars, snails or aphids. Once pests are detected on the plant, they can be controlled either by hand or by treatment with home remedies or pesticides.
As long as the plant is in a sunny spot, no diseases should occur. In very humid summers can also occur in tuberose, mold infestation. The affected areas should be removed over a large area. Then it must be checked whether the mold infestation was really eliminated.

Tuberoses as cut flowers

Tuberoses are very well suited as cut flowers. The lush flowering plants should be cut in the morning. Ideally, the plants are used at which the second bud to the ear begins to open.Leave as many leaves as possible so that the tuberose quickly recovers and, with luck, flourishes a second time. After cutting, the plant is placed in a bucket of lukewarm water. Tuberoses last longest in tall vases. With its sturdy stems, the gladiolus can also be used for arrangements with floral foam. The tuberoses can also be used in bouquets, because they are very compatible with other plants.

flower cuttings

  • divorce in the morning
  • leave many leaves
  • Use plants in which not all buds have opened
  • Long shelf life in the vase
  • Change the water daily

Proper wintering of tuberose

Even before the first frost, the plants should be removed from the soil. Allow the onions to dry in an airy place and store in a dark and dry place at low temperatures. In winter, the tubers should be turned regularly to prevent rot. It is best to use a frost-free garage or a cellar that is not too damp for the winter.

Plant tuberoses properly

The onions of the tuberoses can be preferred from March to June in flowerpots in the house. For this they are placed in pots with good potting soil and covered about two inches with soil. Then they are placed in a bright but not too warm place. In the first time, the earth is kept only slightly damp, only when the first leaves show, more is poured. If the bulbs are to be planted directly in the garden, this is possible from March, depending on the weather conditions. In order to use the long flower stems continuously as cut flowers for the vase, it makes sense to plant several bulbs at a distance of about two weeks.
From May, the plants that have been brought to the house can be planted in a garden bed or placed on the terrace with the pots. When planting in the garden, a sunny and sheltered place is best suited so that the long flower stems do not break in strong winds. However, very long pedicels may require support in the form of a thin wooden rod. If several plants are placed side by side, they need each other a distance of about 30 centimeters. The water requirement of tuberose is low, so it usually comes with the rainwater and must be watered only in very dry summers. Otherwise, she needs no special care and her hibernation is very easy.

Over wintering tuberose

The onions of tuberose do not tolerate heavy frost, so they need to be brought into the house in time and overwinter in a frost-free room. This room can be dark, because the tuberose pulls its leaves in the fall anyway, so that only the onion remains. During the winter, the onions are best kept in the pot. During this time, they get no water at all, only when a new sprouting occurs in the spring is slowly poured and fertilized again. When the plant has become strong enough again, it can be planted outside again. It may be that she does not flourish as diligently as in the first year.
Tuberoses are generally easy-care plants, which are characterized by their flowers, the height and the sweet, intense fragrance. Flowers are also used for the production of perfume. Sunny place, regular irrigation with fertilizer in the water ideal. Time-delayed planting allows flowering over a longer period of time. Suitable for outdoor planting in the garden. Wonderfully fragrant cut flower and ideal for decoration.

Video Board: How to grow and care Rajnigandha / Tuberose plant.

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