Turkish poppy: is he hardy? Information about wintering

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Turkish poppy: is he hardy? Information about wintering: poppy

Poppy plants are a welcome guest in the garden due to their striking flowers. The Turkish poppy, also known as oriental poppy, presents itself in different shades, ranging from red to yellow to white. Like many other poppy varieties, Papaver orientale is hardy and can withstand even extremely cold winters, if the plant has been properly cared for over the previous year.

Is the Turkish poppy hardy?

The Turkish poppy, Papaver orientale, is a species of poppy that originates from western western Asia. It comes as the name implies from Turkey and is also located in Iran and the Caucasus. Due to the natural range at the feet of mountains, it is necessary for the plant to withstand cool temperatures and snow. Over the summer, the fire poppy thrives due to numerous hours of sunshine, which allow the plant to grow robustly.
If the Turkish poppy is not disturbed in its growth, it can easily be brought through the winter, if certain conditions were met. Even newly planted poppy plants can easily survive the winter when the seeds have been planted in the soil at the right time. Turkish poppy has a winter hardiness rating of climates 3 to 8a, which makes the plant an enduring plant even in colder regions.

Turkish poppy seeds in winter

Papaver orientale is in comparison to other types of poppies such as the local poppy a perennial, which is particularly durable and can be found in many perennial flowerbeds for this reason. Like other perennials, the upper part of the poppy, ie the leaves, flowers and shoots, almost completely dies and only the roots with the taproot and a part of the green remain, which will sprout out in the following spring. Throughout the winter, this little bit of green is preserved and from year to year, the plant grows in width, which illustrates the growth of the perennial.
Tip: Each color variant of Papaver orientale behaves the same over the winter. Therefore, you do not have to worry if your turmeric poppy with white or salmon-colored flowers loses all of its green, as this will return in the spring and, if looked after properly, becomes a true splendor known for the poppy.

winter preparations

Is Turkish poppy hardy?

In order to bring the garden poppy over the winter, especially the preparation in autumn and care in summer and spring are crucial. These allow the poppy a strong growth, which helps the plant in winter to survive. Since it can withstand temperatures as low as -40° C and lose all of its green during the winter, it is first of all necessary to prepare the root. The most important point is the location that you have chosen for your poppy. This must generally have a good drainage, otherwise rot the roots, as Turkish poppy tolerates no waterlogging and can go in very quickly. Therefore, you should put on a well-drained soil for your poppy so that he is not drowned by the first condensation in spring. In addition to the location, you should take care of the following points:
  • Wilted flowers
  • plant supports
  • Remove green
  • Set up winter protection
Tip: If you have a very old specimen that has already been through several winters, you can do without winter protection altogether. Namely, Oriental poppy is so robust that it no longer needs protection as it grows older, but it should protect the first few years.

Wilted flowers

Unlike other plants, the Turkish poppy must not be freed of withered flowers. Since the poppy is treated in between, especially in early summer with a care cut, no cut is required before winter entry. Even if the poppy still has residual flowers that have withered over time, you can simply leave them on the plant. A cut at this time could hurt the important green that is necessary for the expulsion in the spring. Since poppy blossoms are rarely seen until the end of autumn, many gardeners are confused as to whether to cut them off. Due to the behavior of the poppy this is really not necessary.
Tip: Listen carefully, if dried flowers can be found on your Turkish poppy. Since the flowers are withered, the characteristic clacking of dried seeds that are still in bloom can be heard.

plant supports

The older the Turkish poppy gets, the higher it grows over the year. Despite its robustness, it can be easily overturned by excessive winds, people and animals. For this reason, the plant always needs supports to not kink.As the poppy completely retracts over the winter, you can remove the columns and put them back in the bed again in the spring when the Oriental poppy shows up again. This is especially recommended for supports that could rake or rust due to the moisture in winter. In the following year, for example, you can give the poppy a growth direction according to which it can orient itself.

Remove green

Turkish poppy - Papaver orientale

Before you can set up the important winter protection, you must remove the previous green which the poppy has dropped. Simply drive your hand over the shoots of the poppy and the dried out leaves fall off very easily. Then you collect all the green that is on the ground, so that the earth is free for winter protection.

Set up winter protection

Despite its insensitivity to cold, it is advisable to set up a winter shelter for the Turkish poppy. The best time for this is mid-autumn, as from this time more and more green dries up and regresses. For the plant, a small layer of various materials, which offer themselves as mulch. Most suitable for this is mulch of the following materials:
  • brushwood
  • straw
  • leaves
The mulching helps the plant to stay warm in winter, which is especially recommended for young plants in the first year, and to provide the poppy seeds with nutrients. Since the fire poppy is rarely fertilized, mulching is particularly suitable as a winter protection, as the nutrients can be easily absorbed by the roots. They support the root in their function of bringing the plant through the winter. The plant materials listed above are very suitable as a mulch, as they rot easily, but not too fast. So they can be used effectively for the cold season, without being too heavy on the roots. The mulch is distributed as follows:

1. Prepare the mulch. That is, for example, they take a large pile of foliage that has accumulated over the fall

and move it close to your poppy plants. This should not be rotted already, as this happens over the winter.

2. After removing the location of the Turkish poppy from the rest of the green, spread the mulch around the plant in one layer. This should be tight, but not high. It should not have any open spaces and act like a blanket so that the root remains insulated.

3. Damp the root area particularly well as this part of the plant is the most sensitive. All you have to do is pick up a bit more mulch and dress the part of the plant that protrudes from the ground very well.

4. Now you can just leave the plant over the winter and take care of it in the winter.

Hardiness in young plants

Turkish poppy is an easy-to-care plant that grows very well in the garden and hibernates easily even in the first year. Although it is not as frost hardy as older specimens, for example, because their taproot is not yet pronounced, but they can survive without hesitation in the garden. For this you do not even have to grab the bag of tricks, just follow the above points and use a little more winter protection for the young roots.

Propagation during the winter

overwinter Turkish poppy

If the poppy grows too big, many gardeners tend to grow the plant, which is a really easy thing with Turkish poppy seeds. It is even possible to grow the plant during the wintertime, taking care to observe certain points so that the plant does not suffer from the division. Since the Turks poppy is very robust and forms a variety of roots next to the actual tap root, they are easy to reach and can be removed without damaging the plant.
The root cuttings do not reduce the winter hardiness of the plant and are a good way to provide new specimens without sowing seeds. Sharing over the winter has the advantage that you do not have to wait for the formation of seeds or have to perform a large-scale division, which may be performed only in the spring. Root cuttings you win as follows:

1. Carefully consider the roots of the plant and pick one or two young roots. Never cut the taproot, otherwise the entire plant will suffer.

2. Take a sharp, clean knife and cut the cutting. You should be careful not to squeeze the roots and therefore no scissors should be used.

3. If excesses are present, remove them.

4. Place the cuttings in a pot with substrate suitable for poppies and keep the plant in the apartment until spring.

5. After shoots have formed, the poppy can be planted in the garden at the beginning of spring. Be sure to plant the plant in the same soil as the Turkish poppy will not tolerate transplanting.

Hibernating in the pot

If you breed young plants in the pot and set them too late in the garden, it is advisable to put them in the apartment or conservatory.Young poppy plants should always be planted in spring to bind with the roots to the site and if this is missed, the plant must remain in the pot until next spring.

Turkish poppy: is he hardy?

For a winter in the pot, make sure not to store the poppy too hot for it to rest. Do not pour it on and do without fertilizer, that would not endure the taproot. Choose a generous pot for the poppy, so that the plant does not lack space. Well suited for this are pots that are higher. Ideally, take a compostable pot that you can put together with the plant from spring onwards.

after winter

As soon as winter is over and spring is out, winter protection from the previous year should definitely be removed. Because of the warm temperatures it can soak up with water, if it is not completely rotted, it becomes a danger to the poppy. This is namely very sensitive to too much moisture. After you have removed the winter protection, you can continue with the spring care as usual.
Tip: You can use fresh compost as antifreeze if you are afraid of late frosts. Simply distribute a small amount of compost where you have previously removed the winter cover.

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