Stem-nut, turnip

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Stem-musle, also called Rübstiel or Stängelmus, is not a separate plant species, but a special form of the autumn and maypores. Like all cabbage family it belongs to the family of the cruciferae (Brassicaceae). In the one-year leafy vegetables, however, only the tender, feathered leaves and petioles are eaten in contrast to the autumn, May and water beets. They are harvested before the beets are trained. The stems and leaves of Stielmus have a sour taste and are rich in vitamins, minerals and mustard oils. They can either be eaten raw in the salad or steamed.

Location and ground

Stemong is in contrast to many other cabbage plants a weak seer. It thrives well on sandy, loose and humus rich soils in sunny to partially shaded spots.

Sowing and planting

Stielmus can be sown from February to March under glass, from March to April in the field and from September to October in the cold frame or greenhouse. Place the seeds like spinach in rows at a distance of 15 to 20 centimeters approximately one centimeter deep. The more densely sown, the longer and softer the leaves become, as the growth of the beets is suppressed. The high-yielding leafy vegetables already grow at temperatures of five to ten degrees and are ready for harvest around six weeks after sowing.


The turnip needs hardly any care due to its short cultivation time. Keep the bed free of weeds and water it in time for dryness. Fertilization is not necessary with the quickly growing stem. However, you can incorporate one to two liters of sieved mature compost flat during bed preparation.

Harvest and recovery

After five to seven weeks, you can harvest the leaves of the stemal. They should be at least 15 inches long including the stems. The leaves are cut off with a sharp knife just above the ground. If the heart of the plants remains unharmed, they drive again and a second harvest is possible. The stems and leaves can be chopped small and then processed into salad or as an accompaniment to stew and soups. You can also cook stalk sauce like spinach and serve it as a vegetable with hearty meat dishes or scrambled eggs.

Freshly harvested stems

After only six weeks, you can harvest the stems of Stielmus and, for example, turn them into lettuce

Crop rotation and mixed culture

Stielmus is suitable as a gap filler between all cultures, but not between other cruciferous vegetables. Because of the cabbage hernia, a dreaded fungal root disease, it is advisable to grow the cabbage again after four to five years on the same bed.


One variety that produces no or very small beets is 'Namenia'. At a planting distance of 30 x 30 centimeters grow in the productive 'Namenia' vigorous, endive-like rosettes with creamy white stems and medium green slotted leaves. This variety can be cut twice in each case.

Diseases and pests

In general, Stielmus is relatively robust and not prone to disease due to its short culture time. The most common pests include earth fleas. They are kept at a distance with a close-knit vegetable protection net and a good water supply. So that no cabbage hernia occurs, you should, as with all cabbage plants a minimum of three years of cultivation break comply.

Video Board: Beet & Squash Recipes : How to Trim Baby Turnips.

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