Typical garden plants of our neighboring countries


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Delicate dream flowers in France

Susann Hayn's portrait

Editor Susann Hayn has ventured a look over foreign garden fences

The gardens of France are very varied. Even the different climatic zones of the country bring that with them. Those who love Provence will probably call lavender a typical plant, because nothing is more impressive than the endless purple fields in the shimmering summer heat. However, I do not think of romantic landscapes, but of French gardens, I immediately have two plants in mind, which in my view are characteristic of the country: the bearded iris and the sleeping poppy.

The bearded iris (Iris barbata) has a long horticultural tradition in France - you can even say that it is the roots of European iris breeding. Already in the first half of the 18th century there were hundreds of varieties. A pioneer of iris breeding was Nicolas Lemon, whose blue-white variety 'Mme Chéreau' from 1844 is still available today. Every year, French plant breeders such as Cayeux enrich the iris assortment with new varieties. Tip: If you want to get the elegant beauties in the garden, you should use the months of July to October as a planting season. A classic Mediterranean combination for sunny beds on nutrient-rich garden soils consists for example of Bearded Iris, Catnip (Nepeta), Spiderwort (Centranthus) and Edelraute (Artemisia).

Sleep poppy

In Giverny, not far from Paris, sleep poppies bloom in summer

In the world-famous garden of the impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926) he flourishes, as in many other private gardens: the sleeping poppy (Papaver somniferum). Sowing the one-year-old plant requires our approval, even if some seed traders have it in our assortment. Reason: Raw opium is produced from the flower capsules. In France's gardens, on the other hand, the delicate poppies may unfold. They are available as simple cup flowers in soft pink and dark red, but most of all I like the filled flowers in dark pink. Tip: As an alternative to sleeping poppy we recommend the perennial Turkish poppy (Papaver orientale), which is available in the most beautiful color nuances.

Fragrance Wicke

Scented vetches are typical of the English country house garden and there to have in countless varieties. In Germany you can order a small, but fine assortment

Plant collector in England

The British island is home to the country gardens and plant collectors. Fragrance vetch (Lathyrus odoratus) and beard thread (Penstemon) are the epitome of nostalgic rural flair, while their variety awakens the collecting passion of plant lovers. As is often the case, they bloom in the lush borders of English gardens. Scented Wicken are offered in our garden centers predominantly as nameless seed mixtures. In England, however, there are award-winning varieties in almost all shades. At garden exhibitions such as the annual Chelsea Flower Show in London, the Wicken are proudly presented by the breeders and extensively examined by the visitors and there is talk shop about flower size and color. Also on the Internet you will find something. In an English internet shop specializing in scent-wicks I discovered over 80 varieties - which collector can resist?

Penstemon

The pretty beard thread is common in mild England, unfortunately it is not quite hardy for us

The beard thread with its thimble-like flowers also inspires with its variety of colors, ranging from soft pink to dark red. But: In the colder regions of Germany you have to do without the perennial because it is quite sensitive to frost. If you still want to dare, you should place the plant in a permeable, not too nutrient-rich soil and cover the planting area over a large area with a thick layer of bark mulch, spruce or pine spruce.

Trees shape

Tailored trees are often found in Dutch gardens

The green face of the Netherlands

Of course, there are also flowering gardens in the Netherlands, with lush roses and perennial beds. But really formative in my opinion, the cut in shape woody plants. With preference, large deciduous trees such as lime trees and plane trees are brought into a handy format by regular cutting. As a trellis they provide privacy along the property line, adorn the house facade and donate in the summer as a green roof pleasant shade. Tending the trees is labor intensive, but they are also an original design element. Another reason for the spreading of the mold trees in Dutch gardens: the land is often very small and the cut trees take up little space.

boxwood

Evergreen boxwood is simply a must in many Dutch gardens

Even the boxwood needs an accurate cut to look good.In the Dutch gardens, it is often used not only as a bedding border, but also in various forms such as ball or cuboid. Planted in larger groups or as individual specimens between flowering shrubs, cut box trees bring peace to the bed and also make beautiful green eye-catchers in autumn and winter.

Camellia Villa

A mighty camellia in a Tuscan villa garden near Lucca

Spring messengers in Italy

Orange and lemon tree, fig and olive - these are Mediterranean classics that are expected in an Italian garden. Camellia, on the other hand, causes astonishment in many a garden visitor. The Asian shrubs are widespread in northern Italy around Lake Maggiore and Lake Como - some of them are several meters high, such as the camellia hedges in the garden of Villa Carlotta in Tremezzo. Likewise, many Tuscan gardens, especially around the city of Lucca, adorn themselves with the distinctive plants. In early spring, when shrubs open their flowers, there are also camellia exhibitions in many communities, such as Pieve and Sant'Andrea di Compito, south of Lucca. Tip: Even in mild regions of Germany, for example in the Rhineland, you can plant camellias on a sheltered spot in the garden. Varieties like 'Debbie' have proven themselves.

Mimosa Acacia

In spring, the mimosa acacias set a striking accent in Italian landscapes such as here in Tuscany

Throughout Italy, the mimosa acacia (Acacia delbata) is a popular spring messenger. Such a yellow-flowering tree looks painterly against the washed-out red of Venetian houses or between the shimmering silver gray of the olive groves and the dark green of the cypress trees. Mimosa branches are also every year on March 8 much sought after: On International Women's Day, the Italian cavalier gives his lady of the heart a bouquet of mimosa flowers.

Video Board: Plants For An English Country Garden.

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