The Content Of The Article:
- The different types of propagation presented
Valerian is a medicinal plant with a lush flowery, which also thrives optimally in its own garden. The advantage for hobby gardeners? It is easy to multiply.
The calming effect of valerian is widely appreciated. It is also less stressful to multiply the plant and thus always have a valuable medicinal and attractive ornamental plant in stock. The different possibilities of propagation of Valerian are now presented in more detail.
An increase is possible by:
- ground shoots
- stock division
The different types of propagation presented
❍ Propagation through ground shoots
To multiply valerian by ground shoots is a very simple and promising method, which, however, demands a bit of patience from the hobby gardener.
No further action is required, as the plants independently form soil shoots. If new shoot tips appear next to the mother plant, these are initially allowed to grow. If the ground sprouts have reached a height of about ten centimeters, the plant friend can intervene, cut off the soil shoots and dig them out. The shoots can be transplanted again at the desired location and, like the mother plant, cultivated independently.
❍ Propagation by sinkers
The increase by sinker is perhaps more elaborate for the hobby gardener, but promises good results and is still quite fast. First, a strong side shoot is selected, which reaches to the bottom.
" Danger: The side shoot must not be kinked, because otherwise the nutrient supply is interrupted.
About ten centimeters from the shoot tip, a section of the shoot is led into the ground, covered with earth and weighted, so that the sinker does not jump out of the ground again. The remaining shoot tip is to grow vertically upwards and is therefore attached to a wooden rod introduced into the earth. At the underground section of the shoot, roots now form. After about four to eight weeks, it should be ready. The Absenker can now be separated from the mother plant and planted as an independent plant at the desired location.
❍ Propagation by sticking
If the later plant is to be used for healing purposes, the propagation by sticking offers, because this method guarantees the cultivation of genetically unified valerian plants. For the cane cutting, cut the stem of the plant into about ten to twenty separate parts.
" Tip: The parent stem is the root stem and bud of the plant.
The individual plant parts are then replanted. In group plantings, a distance of about 30 centimeters must be observed.
" Tip: The floor should be pitched in spring. If propagated in the fall, the seedlings are not yet robust enough and could freeze in winter.
❍ Propagation by seeds
In seed multiplication, direct sowing is possible as well as preculture. The preculture of valerian promises better chances of success.
What happens in the preculture?
In the pre-culture, the seed is not sown in the field in the field, but first in small seed tanks. This can already happen in late winter. Valerian needs constant ambient temperatures of 18 to 20 degrees for germination. Covering the plant pots with foil promotes germination. After germination, the temperature can be lowered to about 16 degrees. The growing seedlings should be transferred several times in larger plant pots. In summer, the valerian plants have developed so far that they can be implemented in the bed or the herb garden.
The planting should take place at the latest end of August, so that the young plants can develop well before the winter.
" Tip: The valerian seed retains its germination ability for several years when stored dry and cool.
The direct sowing
Less expensive is the direct sowing. A disadvantage is the susceptibility of the seedlings. Rain and heat can damage the seedlings and the chances of success are rather moderate.
The sowing takes place in rows whose distances should be about 40 centimeters. After spreading, the seed should be pressed. The seed should be watered regularly and the bed cleaned of weeds.
" Tip: If the seedlings grow too close, they should be separated, so that the young plants do not hinder each other in their growth.