Garden: The best gardening tips in April

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Commercial gardeners already have their hands full in April. Here you will find garden tips for the garden, which will ensure a rich harvest in the coming season. Let's start with the root parsley. It is less known than the leaf parsley. The white roots are often confused with parsnips, but are smaller. They give soups and vegetable dishes a mild parsley aroma. The variety 'Berliner' develops smooth, easy to peel roots with thin skin. Sow the parsley root in a sunny bed of humus rich soil by the middle of April, when the soil has dried well. If the young plants are too dense, they should be separated to a distance of five to eight centimeters. Important: During the main growing season of the roots, ie from the beginning to the middle of June, watering generously!

Fertilize fruit trees

Fruit trees and berry bushes are grateful for a spring nutrient. Sprinkle around three liters of compost per square meter at the beginning of April on each tree-pulp. Compost is ideal as a fertilizer for fruit trees, as it provides plenty of potassium and calcium - nutrients that are particularly needed for fruiting. An exception are blueberries: they do not tolerate compost as moor-bed plants.

Plant redcurrants properly

Place currants so deep that the root ball is covered with soil five centimeters. This stimulates the formation of new rods from the root area. If you want to pull several currants next to each other on the trellis, plant the shrubs so high that the root ball ends with the earth's surface, because only a few new branches are to be formed. When planting, only the three strongest shoots are left standing and fixed in a fan shape on the tension wires.

Cucumbers and melons in good time

Watermelon seedling

Melon and cucumber seedlings are sensitive and should not be piqued

Cucumbers and melons are sensitive to any disturbance in the root area. Avoid the usual transplanting (spiking) of the seedlings in the pre-culture. Place two to three seeds per pot (about two centimeters deep). After germination leave only the strongest specimens. The seed of recent snack or mini cucumbers is relatively expensive and a seed bag usually contains only five seeds. Therefore, pull the required young plants individually in small pots or pans. Basically: Wait until the seedlings have well rooted the pot.

Sow the radish

Radishes can be grown from spring to autumn - but the right choice of variety is decisive for success. From April, spring and summer radishes such as the red, white and pink varieties of the popular variety 'Easter Greetings' can be sown.

Prefer beans

Bush beans and runner beans are sensitive to cold, which is why the pre-culture in pots is recommended especially in rough locations. From the beginning of May put the young plants in the vegetable patch under fleece and pot bales - preferably mixed with sweetcorn. The benefits of early breeding: You can harvest earlier and the seedlings are safe from beanflies and snails.

Poke onions

Soak onion onions in room-warm water overnight before planting. This is how they form roots in the old days and walk faster in the bed. The onions are usually put in rows. The distance between the rows should be 15 to 20 centimeters. Once all bulbs have been applied, pile the rows with the back of the rake a bit with soil and then press firmly.

Poke onions

Onions are one of the first vegetables to go outdoors in the spring

Plant potatoes

In mild regions you can plant potatoes from the beginning of April. In late frost, you should wait until mid-April to be on the safe side. A light night frost, however, does not cause too much damage to the young plants, since the tubers then drive well again. Lay the seed potatoes in a maximum of ten centimeters deep earth hollows and keep a planting distance of about 30 centimeters in the row and 40 centimeters between the plant rows. Important: Cover pregerminated potatoes carefully with soil, so that the soft germs do not break off.

Sow salad

Lettuce plants have a relatively short culture time. Now, if you have the first self-grown young plants in the bed, you should sow the next salad seeds - so you can harvest fresh salad throughout the garden season.

Cut back the peach tree

To ensure that the peach tree remains fruitful and delivers many peaches year after year, a consistent annual pruning is extremely important.Therefore, remove at least three-quarters of the shoots that had been fruitful in the previous year immediately after harvest or in spring shortly before flowering. The rest should be cut to three buds so that they can form new fruit shoots for the next year. Make sure that the crown is lighted as evenly as possible by the pruning.

Chickpeas in the vegetable patch

Chick-pea seedling

Also in this country one can grow chickpeas in the domestic vegetable garden

Legumes, like all legumes, have their particular value in the garden. Because they form a symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing nodule bacteria, they require no additional fertilization and also increase soil fertility. Also subsequent crops such as nutrient-hungry cabbages are well supplied. Sowing takes place as soon as the night frost is over. Before, loosen the soil thoroughly with the rake or the cultivator and place the cores in rows at intervals of 10 to 15 centimeters in two to three centimeters deep Saatrillen (row spacing 20 centimeters). The harvest then takes place eight to twelve weeks after sowing.

Waldmeister also grows in the garden

When collecting in deciduous forests, woodruff is easy to spot on the square stems and leaf whorls, even for laymen. For Maibowle or tea you pick the herb, just before the white flowers open. The aroma reminiscent of fresh hay unfolds when the posy is slightly withered. Low-dose, the ingredients have a calming effect, in larger quantities they cause headaches together with alcohol. Waldmeister thrives in ornamental or berry bushes in the garden. The easy-care plantlets quickly cover the ground and keep at bay by root excretions Giersch, Wheatgrass and Creeping Buttercup.

Jerusalem artichokes: Do not forget the flower border

If you want to grow Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) in the garden, you should think of the enclosure right at the bedding plant. Because: The perennial, frosty sunflower species can penetrate with their subterranean foothills in neighboring beds. As a root barrier, it is best to dig 30 centimeters wide strips of solid pond liner vertically along the edges of the walls.

Peck tomatoes

If you have sown your tomatoes in seed trays, you will need to separate the young plantlets as soon as they unfold the first correct leaves. Carefully lift the roots out of the ground with a special spiked wood or the handle end of a tablespoon and put them individually in small pots of vegetable soil.

Peck tomatoes

When the first correct leaves unfold, the plantlets must be separated

Set up vegetable nets

With close-meshed nets, you effectively protect your vegetable crops from the larvae of vegetable flies (cabbage fly, carrot fly, onion fly). Cover the plants with the nets directly after sowing or planting to prevent oviposition of the flies. It makes sense to use long brackets made of spring steel as net supports, so that the nets do not rest directly on the plants. The edge areas should be sealed with earth or boards.

Planting time for quinces

The wood of young quince trees is more susceptible to frost than that of apples or pears. Therefore, it is best to plant quinces in the spring. Since the strikingly large white-rose flowers open only at the end of April, they are usually spared by the spring frosts.

Promote beneficials

Wild bees, lacewings, ladybugs and parasitic wasps are among the most useful helpers in the orchard. In bundled hollow elderberry branches, strong reed stalks or special insect nesting boxes you will find shelter. The larvae of the lacewing eat up to the pupation exclusively aphids. Each larva destroys several hundred lice during this period, which earned them the nickname "aphid lion".

Lacewing Chrysoperla rufilabris

Lacewing (Chrysoperla rufilabris)

Cut back raspberries and blackberries

For summer raspberries you should now shorten all rods to 1.60 to 1.80 meters. With the blackberries, all removed rods from the previous year are removed at ground level shortly before the new shoot. After the cut you mulch the raspberry and Brombeerbeete best with bark compost. Important: Only apply the mulch layer when the spring sun has dried off the upper soil layers.

Gentle rhubarb harvest

The first tender rhubarb stalks that are ready for harvest from the end of April have the best flavor. But resist the depletion, so as not to weaken the rhubarb unnecessarily. Younger plants can be harvested every two to three weeks, strong specimens even at shorter intervals. As a rule of thumb, at least two-thirds of the stems and leaves need to stand still. So turn out at most three to five of the strongest stems with a jerk as close to the base as possible. Flowers should always be removed immediately, as they cost the plants unnecessary strength.

Plant cabbage

The cabbages that are sown in the greenhouse or cold frame are usually so vigorous at the beginning of April that they can be moved outdoors.Place the young plants at a sufficient distance: Depending on their size and cropping time, the plants need 40 centimeters (for example broccoli) to 60 centimeters (for example, late cabbage varieties) planting distance both in the row and in the adjacent rows. The young plants are set very low, so that they are sufficiently stable, and it is best to sprinkle some algae lime into the planting hole in order to prevent the cabbage hernia. Important: Change the bed every year!

Broccoli seedling

In the case of late broccoli varieties, direct sowing into the bed is also possible until about mid-June

Premature strawberry harvest with fleece

With a cover with one or two layers of garden fleece, you can bring the strawberry harvest forward by about a week. If you also apply perforated foil over it, you can even pick berries a few weeks earlier. The cover takes place as soon as the spring sun has heated the ground. If April brings us more summer temperatures, there is a threat of heat build-up! Fleece and film should then be removed at least over lunch time: From 28 degrees Celsius threaten growth problems! As soon as the plants start to bloom, take off the fleece and foil to ensure pollination by bees and bumblebees.

The strawberry blossom engraver is on the way

With the first warm days in April, the dark, just four-millimeter-sized Erdbeerbl├╝testecher leaves its winter storage in the soil litter. The beetles gnaw on the peduncle below the bud and lay their eggs in the later drying bud. A female can lay over 100 eggs and damage a corresponding number of flowers. Now use suitable pesticides to combat the beetles.

Strawberry blossom weevil

The Erdbeerbl├╝tenstecher overwinters as a beetle in the ground and puts in the spring each egg in the still closed flower buds

Fruit trees: untying new shoots

Towards the end of the month, most fruit trees are already seeing a significant increase in output. Steep, uplifting new shoots that are useful for building the crown should now be weighted or placed in a slightly shallower position with wire. The larger their angle to the vertical axis, the weaker they grow and the sooner they carry flowers and fruits.

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