Kitchen Garden: The best gardening tips in November

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Wait for the kale and Brussels sprouts to harvest until it has frozen correctly at least once. Only then do the cabbages develop their typical, sweet-aromatic taste. The stored in the leaves, tasteless starch is namely split in frost in sugar molecules. But beware: brussels sprouts in tough fluctuations in the daytime and nighttime temperature. Protect the plants with fir-sprigs from strong sunlight.

Harvest horseradish

Horseradish only delivers really thick bars when grown for one year. Dig out the roots as soon as the leaves have died. All thicker roots are intended for consumption. One of the thin "Fechser" sorted out, removes the side shoots and replants them elsewhere again.

Cut back the autumn raspberries

Raspberry varieties such as 'Autumn Bliss', 'Himbo Top', 'Polka' or the yellow-fruited variety 'Golden Bliss' bear on the one-year-old rods. At the end of the harvest, all shoots will be completely removed. Thus, the danger of transmission of the dreaded Rutken disease is largely banned. Next spring, new, healthy rods will emerge from the rootstock. With autumn varieties you also beat the raspberry beetle, because at the time of their flowering the raspberry beetle no longer lays eggs and it ripen from August to October madenfreie fruits. Rods without disease signs are usually chopped and composted or disposed of with the green waste. Our garden tip: Leave some of the shoots until spring. They serve beneficials such as predatory mites as winter quarters. They move from here to the new shoots and get over the first lice generation, spider mites and other pests ago.

With the still new, twice carrying Twotimer raspberries (for example 'Sugana'), one removes in February only every second, older and thicker tail and cuts at the remaining only the harvested shoot tips. At the end of July, cut the rods that bore fruit in June, also from the ground level.

Clear off the vegetable beds

The harvested vegetable beds are now tidied up. The roots of spinach and late beans are left in the bed. They provide food for the soil organisms and leave a feinkrümelige earth after rotting. Be sure to remove cabbage stalks to prevent infestation with the dreaded cabbage hernia. In mid-November, the asparagus is cut off and disposed of in the organic bin.

Cut blueberries

After the fourth year at the latest, blueberry bushes should be regularly lighted, so that they continue to bear many aromatic fruits. Remove all intersecting or chafing side shoots as well as all branches growing in the shrub interior. Annually remove all shoots that are older than three or four years old. Our garden tip: The so-called old wood is greyish brown, barky, slightly woody and easily recognizable on the basis of the typical bark cracks. The bark of fertile, young twigs is smooth and green or reddish in color. Close to the ground rods and withered shoots because of the risk of fungal attack.

Cook out blueberries

In autumn, blueberry bushes can be lighted

Compost care in autumn

To heat the mash at low temperatures again, you should now implement the compost. A straw cover and a piece of foil insulate against cold and protect against soaking with rainwater. You can insulate the sides of the compost container against cold with reed mats, as these do not disturb the air exchange. If you are working with several compost containers, you can use the freed container to make a new compost from the autumn rubbish. We recommend mixing in a bit of half-decomposed compost to get the crop moving faster.

Kiwis harvest and store

Large-fruited kiwis (Actinidia deliciosa) are left hanging on the tendrils for a long time and are not cut off until they are down. If left to ripen in a cool 12 to 14 degrees Celsius room, they will be soft and aromatic within three to four weeks. Mini kiwis (Actinidia arguta) are gradually maturing. They taste fresh from the shrub. Harvest hard, sour fruit before the onset of winter and let it ripen in the house.

Kiwis in the snow

Kiwis should be harvested before the snow

Store apples properly

Late-ripening winter apples like 'Ontario' are picked to maturity and unfold their aroma only a few weeks after harvest. In a two to four degree cool, humid cellar or other suitable storage room, the fruits remain firm and crisp until spring. Shelves with flat, extendable fruit boxes, so-called stairs, on which the fruits are spread in a layer, prevent pressure points.Make sure that the apples do not touch each other, so you can prevent the transmission of diseases such as camp rot. Nevertheless, our gardening tip: Check every one to two weeks and sort out sick fruits quickly!

Organic spinach for the winter harvest

In the case of spinach, the sowing time determines the harvest date. August seeds are ready for harvest between October and November. To avoid nitrate deposits, cut the rosettes on sunny days in the early afternoon. Later spinach seeds overwinter on the bed. Varieties such as 'Butterfly' and the organic variety 'Verdil' defy snow and freezing temperatures and continue to grow on mild days.

Fruit trees: stems white

The stems of young fruit trees with smooth bark need before winter onset a coat of white lime paint, which you can buy in stores. The light coat prevents frost cracks and winter sun stress cracks by a strong unilateral warming of the bark.

Lime painting on a cherry tree

A lime coating protects the bark of young fruit trees in winter from stress cracks

Holunder auslichten

If you want to harvest very large fruit umbels next year, you should give your elderberry shrubs a strong boost in the fall. Remove all harvested branches and leave a maximum of ten young rods per shrub. This year's shoots will bear fruit next year and will be replaced by new, re-grown rods after the harvest. This cutting technique has been proven in elderberry, because the first fruit generation of a branch is the best. Although the harvested branches bear berries in the following years, they are much smaller.

Humus fertilizer from walnut leaves

The leaves of walnut trees contain a lot of tannic acid and therefore rot very slowly. Our gardening tip for those who do not want to dispose of the autumnal foliage blessing in the green section: You can win a valuable special compost from it. In particular, blueberries (cultivated blueberries), cranberries and cranberries, but also peat plants such as hydrangeas and rhododendrons appreciate the acidic humus fertilizer. Even if you shred the leaves beforehand with the lawnmower, mixing them with nitrogen-rich grass clippings and thereby considerably speeding up the rotting process, the implementation takes about two years. Important: Do not use fresh leaves for mulching!

Use decorative quinces

Ornamental quinces such as 'Cido' are considered as "Lemons of the North" because of their high vitamin C content. Use the fruits like real quince as soon as they fall from the bush by themselves.

Quirky 'Cido'

The fruits of the quince 'Cido' are sour and are particularly suitable for juice and jelly

Root vegetables fresh from the bed

All late root vegetables are now grateful for a thick mulch layer of straw-blended ripening compost. Low-temperature carrots (such as 'Robila' or 'Rothild') and root parsley such as 'half-length' can stay on the bed until mid-winter and in milder climates even until March. Completely hardy salsify and parsnip are not dependent on cold protection - but cover the bed anyway, then the soil remains open and you must not take a harvest break even with prolonged frost. But please only mulching so thick that about two thirds of the leaves remain visible. On mild days, the roots grow a little further. Aroma and quality of the vegetables are preserved.

Frost protection for Chinese cabbage

From planting to harvest, the Chinese cabbage takes only eight weeks. Saplings planted in late summer have developed into thick heads until the beginning of November. But the fast cabbage is much more cold-sensitive than other types of cabbage and needs frost protection. Our gardening tip: Cover the bed with a double layer of nonwoven fabric as soon as temperatures drop below zero, and harvest the heads within three weeks.

Video Board: The November Garden - California Gardening Episode For November.

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