The Content Of The Article:
- Collect vitamin-rich fruits
- Share rhubarb
- Sow chervil and cress
- Chestnuts are ripe
- Water strawberries
- Kiwi harvest
- Cut back raspberries
- Keep autumn and winter apples in a cool place
- Pull peppermint for the winter
- Soil care under hazel bushes
- Cold protection for Swiss chard
- Harvest quinces and medlars
- Put winter onions
Collect vitamin-rich fruits
Wild fruit trees have a permanent place in many gardens as bee pasture and bird feed suppliers. Most of the time there are still enough fruits left for the sweet jam, spicy jelly or fruity liqueur. If you want to dry the vitamin C-rich rosehip for tea, you can not avoid the tedious coring and scraping of the fine hairs inside. For compote and marmalade, they are simply boiled in a little water and passed through a fine sieve or the "fleet Lotte". In this way, you can also turn rowan berries into mus. The fruits of the Moravian mountain ash are used directly from the tree, the wild species are better frozen for three to six months - so they lose their bitter taste. Even with the harsh sloes, the imitation of a frost period works in the freezer.
Divide your rhubarb about every eight to ten years so that the perennials remain vigorous and vital. Wait for the leaves to turn brown and use a sharp spade to prune sections with at least three well-formed buds. Loosen the soil thoroughly at the new location and work in three to four liters of mature, screened compost. The perennials need enough space - you should plan 100 x 150 centimeters of stand per plant. Allow the new rhubarb perennials to grow undisturbed in the first year and start harvesting for the second year. Tip: However, so that you do not have to do without fresh rhubarb in the coming year, you can just leave half of the rooted mother plant at the old location.
Rhubarb is shared in October
Sow chervil and cress
From the beginning of the month, sow annual herbs such as chervil, cress and rocket in pots and flat bowls with herbal soil, set up bright and warm.
Chestnuts are ripe
For the garden or the orchard, select chestnuts such as "Brunella" with a beautifully branched, spherical crown. The trees are not self-fertile, there is only a harvest if trees of another variety grow nearby. The heart-shaped chestnuts taste very aromatic and are significantly larger than the classic sweet chestnuts and easy to peel. The flesh is only slightly scored, so the inner skin is easily peeled off. Chestnuts can be kept in the fridge for a few weeks.
Autumn time is chestnut time
Strawberries planted in the summer should also be watered in the fall if necessary, so that they remain evenly moist. The better they can root before hibernation, the higher the next harvest will be the next year.
Large-fruit kiwis are harvested from October. However, you have to ripen some time in the house. Tip: Store the fruits with fresh apples in foil bags. The apples emit a ripening gas, which ripens the kiwis faster. Small-fruited varieties such as 'Weiki', on the other hand, can be enjoyed right after harvest until the end of November. Since mini-kiwis grow in loose grapes, they are cut off with the whole branch. Hartreif harvested mini-kiwis are still two weeks in the fridge.
Kiwis are ready for harvest from October
Cut back raspberries
From the end of October you can cut back the removed rods of your raspberries. For the summer raspberries, remove all biennial shoots just above the ground. Of the annual shoots, only the strongest remain for the harvest next year. All weak or unfavorably placed should also be cut close to the ground. Especially easy is the cut with autumn raspberries such as the variety "Himbotop". Cut off all harvested rods at ground level so that nothing stops. The plants sprout again next spring and carry their berries on the new rods in autumn.
Keep autumn and winter apples in a cool place
For storage, only perfect, hand-picked, healthy dogs are suitable. Fruits with pressure or fouling, peel injuries and fungal or Obstmaden infestation should be sorted out at harvest and quickly recycled or disposed of. Ideal storage conditions provide a dark, one to five degrees Celsius cool, humid cellar space. Instead, you can also use the garden or bicycle shed as a fruit store.
Storage apples should be regularly checked for rot
Pull peppermint for the winter
If you want to harvest fresh peppermint in winter, you can now put the plant in pots by the window of the room. Separate the stems of the peppermint and cut into pieces about ten to twenty centimeters long. Each piece should have at least three rooted nodes. Plant the pieces in pots filled with herb soil.Place the pots in a mini greenhouse in the room window, then the mint drifts in winter some shoots with fresh leaves.
Get fresh mint on the windowsill over the winter
Soil care under hazel bushes
The care of hazelnuts is usually limited to the regular clearing of superfluous or obsolete branches. If you want to harvest many healthy nuts, you should do a little more. Loosening the soil and removing weeds is now one of the most important measures. Both prevent infestation with the maggots of the hazelnut drill and prevent field mice from nesting. These eat on the roots in winter and weaken the shrubs. You should turn a blind eye to the dormouse. The dachshunds related to the dormice are among the endangered species. To survive the long hibernation, they eat in the fall with the nutrient-rich nuts on a thick layer of bacon.
The small light brown hazel mice (photo) can be easily distinguished from field mice
Cold protection for Swiss chard
The chard is a very robust vegetables and survives mild winters outdoors without problems. However, he needs some protection from dehydrating winds. It is therefore best to lay a fleece so that you can quickly cover the plants as soon as it gets really cold. Alternatively, you can also protect your chard with pine nuts.
Harvest quinces and medlars
Most quince varieties are ready for harvest in October. Once the first fruit drops, you should start harvesting. Fully ripe fruits should be processed immediately, because they can not be stored for very long. Avoid bruising, because the skin and the flesh are quickly tanning at these spots. The medlars related to the quince should let you hang until the first frost. Only then does the bitter-sweet flesh of the fruit become soft and edible.
Quinces are among the last fruits of the garden season
Put winter onions
In winter-mildew regions, winter onion bulbs such as "Presto", "Radar" or the red variety "Electric" can now be planted at a distance of eight to ten centimeters, about two centimeters deep, into a sunny bed of fine, crumbly, damp soil.