Garden: The best tips in January

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Prefer paprika for the vegetable patch

Peppers develop very slowly. Those who prefer the plants themselves can choose from countless varieties. For the field are particularly robust, early ripening, seed-resistant varieties such as 'Red Augsburger' with sweet, pointed pods. A seed bag contains at least ten seeds. Seed directly into small individual pots or in seed trays with lean seed or herb soil and singulate the seedlings as soon as the first true leaf appears between the cotyledons. At the beginning temperatures of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius are necessary, later you can put the plantlets a little cooler. In a bright, not in full sun lying place they develop compact and form a strong middle drive. Keep the soil moist but not too wet, otherwise the tender roots will rot.

Strawberries for latecomers

Strawberries planted in late summer now need a little care. Gently press frozen root balls into the soil and remove dead leaves. For an earlier harvest, cover the bed additionally with fleece. Anyone who has missed the planting last year, can plant potted strawberries at the end of February. You should already prepare the bed so that the floor can settle properly. For this, dig up the soil or loosen it deeply and then work in ripened compost or well-rotted cattle manure. Important: Only grow strawberries at the same place every three to four years.

late strawberries

If the strawberries have been set very late, the small plantlets will not make it over the winter without protection

Cut fruit trees

When thawing, you can continue cutting the fruit trees. Above all, pome fruits such as apples, pears and quinces are now being cut. Careful treatment of larger cuts prevents the penetration of wood-destroying fungi and bacteria. Smooth the edges of saw blades with a sharp knife, wipe the wounds dry with an old towel and then apply a wound sealer with a brush.

Cut fruit tree

In frost-free weather you can cut your fruit trees in January

Measures against fruit tree crayfish

The fruit tree cancer, which occurs mainly on apples, is caused by a fungus. The pathogen (Nectria galligena) usually invades wounds and buds in late autumn or winter and destroys the bark tissue. Affected branches and thinner branches should be removed early. For thicker branches, this is often not possible without deforming the crown. Generously cut off diseased bark areas and treat the edges of the interfaces with fungicide-containing wound closure.

Lichen attack on fruit trees

Contrary to popular belief, lichens are not plant pests. The tree bark serves them only as a settlement area. The symbiosis of algae and fungi prefers to settle on surfaces that do not change, especially on trees that barely grow. In relatively young trees with lichens, you should therefore check whether they may suffer from nutrient deficiencies or soil compaction. The remedy is usually to fertilize with about 50 grams of horn shavings per square meter or transplant to a new location with better soil conditions.

Lichen on a cherry tree

The yellow lichen (Xanthoria parietina) is common on all continents except the Arctic

Plan vegetable cultivation and bed distribution

A good cultivation plan is essential in the vegetable garden. It is best to draw a full-scale sketch of your vegetable beds and divide the vegetables into the required quantities using the mixed culture table in rows. The seeds you should order in time, as new or very good varieties are quickly sold out experience.

Building cold frame boxes

You can use the low labor time in January to build new raised beds and cold frames. You can design and make the boxes yourself as needed. Convenient are finished kits, these need only be screwed together. Thanks to these special culture containers, you can sow and harvest your vegetables very early.

Cold frame in the sun

Cold frames should be as sunny and protected as possible

Vegetables and fruits: control supplies

Carrots, beetroot and other root vegetables stored in sand should be regularly checked for fouling. Sort out roots and tubers with brown spots and use them as quickly as possible. The same applies to apples that you stored in the cellar in autumn.

To increase the spines and currants

If not done in late summer, cuttings of prickly and blackcurrants can be cut. For this purpose, cut one-year-old rods into 20 to 30 centimeter long pieces, strip off the leaves and plant the sections in a nursery bed or pots of sandy soil.Keep wet until rooted, overwinter in the cold frame and plant out in the following year at the final place.

Black salsify and Jerusalem artichokes reap

Hardy root vegetables such as Jerusalem artichoke or salsify can also be enjoyed fresh in winter at any time, provided the ground is not frozen. Just harvest the vegetables as needed with the grave fork.

Harvest salsify

Black salsens live up to their name when they come fresh from the ground

Clear the snow from the greenhouse

Heavy snowfall quickly causes a thick layer of snow on greenhouses and conservatories. Large amounts of snow put a heavy strain on the roof structure. The steeper the roof, the faster the mass slides down. In addition, the snow does not stay long when the houses are heated. The reference for the snow load calculation is based on a value of 50 kilograms per square meter. This corresponds to a 20 to 30 centimeter high layer of powder snow. Wet cardboard snow, on the other hand, weighs more. If it comes to higher values, the roof can be damaged. Snow can be removed from the roof with a broom or telescopic snowplough.

Snow on the roof of a greenhouse

If the snow load on the glass roof becomes too high, there is a risk of collapse

Put the hazelnut down

From young shoots of your hazelnut, you can easily grow freshly root-fresh plants. In pristine weather, prick the spade into the ground next to your hazelnut shrub, creating a narrow, deep slit. Then bend a young ground-level shoot and place it with the center of the shoot in the slot so that the shoot tip is as vertical as possible. Thereafter, the slot is closed again by gentle pressure with the feet. You can also fix unruly offshoots in the ground with a tent hook. By the next fall, the offshoot has formed its own roots. Then you can separate it from the mother plant and plant it in the designated place.

Video Board: Monthly Garden Series - January 2018 Garden - Harvests, Tour & More!.

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