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If a suitable area is found, it is up to the planning of the garden. Vegetables are best grown outdoors in beds. Although you could at least theoretically put the seeds just like that on the property in the ground, but then holds the harvest success is limited. For this reason, beds are not only a whimsy for gardening enthusiasts, but also guarantee a reasonable growth of the plants and, above all, facilitate the indispensable gardening. Without beets, a vegetable garden is therefore hardly conceivable. In addition, one should also plan the available area, of course, a location for the composting of garden waste and also a small hut or at least a shed for gardening equipment.
The beds must always be placed on the sunniest spot of the property. Of course, their number depends on how many vegetables you want to grow and which yield is important to you. Of course, it also depends on how much space is available at all. An ideal bed is about five to six square meters in size. Incidentally, the length of the individual beds plays a minor role. Its width, however, should not exceed 1.20 meters in order to be able to reach the plants in the middle of the bed still well from the sides. The beds are each flanked by small paths that secure access without having to climb directly into the bed.
Tip: Plan the whole vegetable garden and especially the beds in the beginning a bit smaller. A garden is a lot of fun, but also provides a lot of work - ten square meters of vegetable beds require about 30 minutes of care per week.
Before you go to the realization of the garden, it is best to make a small plan, on which the locations of the beds, the composting plant and the shed are drawn. It should not forget the required ways and possibly a windbreak for the beds.
- per square meter approximately six square meters (1.20 by five meters)
- one square meter per path between the flower beds (0.20 by five meters)
- for a access path at the head of the beds a minimum width of 50 centimeters
It should already be a layer of sand about ten centimeters high. It is best to first apply it closed to the surface and then mix it with a rake or a cultivator. Finally, humus is applied. For sandy soils, garden compost is ideal for this. More loamy soils get Laubhumus. Once this is done, the beds can be staked out according to the measurements and the earth can be set on the planned paths.
Create space for compost
Compost is a natural fertilizer for plants that provides important nutrients. In the course of a year, a lot of vegetable garden waste such as leaves, stems, roots or grass accumulate, which makes it wonderful to compost. A composting place is therefore mandatory for every garden - also because the garden waste can be disposed of naturally. A necessary composter is quickly built by yourself. For a system with the recommended three-chamber system you need:
- four wooden poles, which form the corners of the plant
- four panels of wood, plastic or metal as side panels
- two panels of wood, plastic or metal as a subdivision for the interior
hutchGardening can hardly be done without appropriate tools and equipment such as a spade, a shovel, a rake or a pruning shears. It is advisable to store these tools directly in the garden. On the one hand you always have everything at hand, what you need right now. On the other hand, you save yourself the often tedious transport to and from. As storage place is a small hut or at least a lockable box. Garden huts made of wood or metal can be purchased as a kit in the garden shop. There are also boxes there to buy. A shed can also be built relatively easily from boards and wooden planks.
First stepsIf the future vegetable garden has been laid out so far, it is important to equip it with plants. Of course, all vegetables are naturally suitable for this, which grow under our climatic conditions - irrespective of whether one prefers sowing or planting young plants in the soil. For starters, however, especially those vegetables that grow relatively quickly. These include:
- all salads