Create a vegetable garden for beginners - instructions incl. Plan


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Vegetable garden 50 square meters

If a suitable area is found, it is up to the planning of the garden. Vegetables are best grown outdoors in beds. Although you could at least theoretically put the seeds just like that on the property in the ground, but then holds the harvest success is limited. For this reason, beds are not only a whimsy for gardening enthusiasts, but also guarantee a reasonable growth of the plants and, above all, facilitate the indispensable gardening. Without beets, a vegetable garden is therefore hardly conceivable. In addition, one should also plan the available area, of course, a location for the composting of garden waste and also a small hut or at least a shed for gardening equipment.
The beds must always be placed on the sunniest spot of the property. Of course, their number depends on how many vegetables you want to grow and which yield is important to you. Of course, it also depends on how much space is available at all. An ideal bed is about five to six square meters in size. Incidentally, the length of the individual beds plays a minor role. Its width, however, should not exceed 1.20 meters in order to be able to reach the plants in the middle of the bed still well from the sides. The beds are each flanked by small paths that secure access without having to climb directly into the bed.
Tip: Plan the whole vegetable garden and especially the beds in the beginning a bit smaller. A garden is a lot of fun, but also provides a lot of work - ten square meters of vegetable beds require about 30 minutes of care per week.
Before you go to the realization of the garden, it is best to make a small plan, on which the locations of the beds, the composting plant and the shed are drawn. It should not forget the required ways and possibly a windbreak for the beds.

Create beds

Vegetable garden 50 square meters

The number of beds depends critically on two factors - the available area and the amount of vegetables you would like to grow. For example, to provide a family of four with sufficient vegetables during the summer, a total of around 150 square meters of bed area is needed. As a rule, you will have to get along with less and get along. Regardless, you should consider the following areas for the planting of the beds.
  • per square meter approximately six square meters (1.20 by five meters)
  • one square meter per path between the flower beds (0.20 by five meters)
  • for a access path at the head of the beds a minimum width of 50 centimeters
Before it comes to the creation of the individual beds, the total area should be dug about deep. If the soil is particularly heavily interspersed with clay, a thorough digging with a depth of two spade lengths is recommended. Any emerging roots and weeds must be carefully removed. A very loamy soil has only a very low permeability. In order to avoid waterlogging and to facilitate the roots of the plants, the permeability should be increased by mixing coarse sand under the soil.
It should already be a layer of sand about ten centimeters high. It is best to first apply it closed to the surface and then mix it with a rake or a cultivator. Finally, humus is applied. For sandy soils, garden compost is ideal for this. More loamy soils get Laubhumus. Once this is done, the beds can be staked out according to the measurements and the earth can be set on the planned paths.

Create space for compost

compost

Compost is a natural fertilizer for plants that provides important nutrients. In the course of a year, a lot of vegetable garden waste such as leaves, stems, roots or grass accumulate, which makes it wonderful to compost. A composting place is therefore mandatory for every garden - also because the garden waste can be disposed of naturally. A necessary composter is quickly built by yourself. For a system with the recommended three-chamber system you need:
  • four wooden poles, which form the corners of the plant
  • four panels of wood, plastic or metal as side panels
  • two panels of wood, plastic or metal as a subdivision for the interior
The place where the composter will stand may not be sealed. This makes it possible for worms and other animals to come from below to the garden waste and thus contribute to their decomposition. In addition, can be run easily in this way during composting liquid released. The composter's three compartments each represent a different composting status. The first chamber contains fresh garden waste.When they have roughly decomposed, they are transferred to the second chamber. The space for new waste is thus free. The finished compost can then be taken from the third chamber and used to fertilize the plants.

hutch

Gardening can hardly be done without appropriate tools and equipment such as a spade, a shovel, a rake or a pruning shears. It is advisable to store these tools directly in the garden. On the one hand you always have everything at hand, what you need right now. On the other hand, you save yourself the often tedious transport to and from. As storage place is a small hut or at least a lockable box. Garden huts made of wood or metal can be purchased as a kit in the garden shop. There are also boxes there to buy. A shed can also be built relatively easily from boards and wooden planks.

First steps

If the future vegetable garden has been laid out so far, it is important to equip it with plants. Of course, all vegetables are naturally suitable for this, which grow under our climatic conditions - irrespective of whether one prefers sowing or planting young plants in the soil. For starters, however, especially those vegetables that grow relatively quickly. These include:
  • all salads
  • kohlrabi
  • carrots
  • radish
  • beans
  • peas
  • zucchini
These varieties not only have the advantage of being very successful as a young gardener - they are also relatively modest and easy to care for. However, those who do not rely on speed and bring a little more patience should think about cultivating only potatoes in all the beds. The coarse tubers have the inestimable advantage that they loosen the soil permanently. In addition, its abundant leaf growth prevents weeds from spreading to the surface. Potatoes are thus something of the ideal start for the fresh flower beds. They condition the beds to a certain extent for later and at the same time provide plenty of garden waste, which can be wonderfully composted. And honestly, who can claim to eat potatoes from their own garden?

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