The Content Of The Article:
- Requirements for growing vegetables on the balcony
- 9 vegetables presented for beginners
Whether in pots or flower boxes - vegetables can be planted not only in the garden, but also on the balcony. We'll tell you which types of vegetables are perfect for beginners.
Not everyone can own a garden. But even if you only have a balcony, you do not have to do without your own vegetables or fruit. After all, a balcony is not just there to provide it with flowers. Finally, you can grow vegetables here as well as flowers. Incidentally, the same applies to the terrace. (Reading tip: Creating a vegetable patch on the terrace - 5 possibilities presented)
For all those who may have never had their own garden and have therefore never grown vegetables themselves, we have put together some vegetables that promise a fast and good harvest success. So you see how easy it is to grow vegetables on the balcony. And if it works with the cultivation of these varieties, then you can dare next year on other vegetables.
Requirements for growing vegetables on the balcony
In order for the vegetables on your balcony to flourish and bear many fruits, some important requirements must be met. These requirements briefly summarized here.
On the one hand, it depends on the selection of the right vegetables, and on the other hand, there must be sufficient sun. This is why vegetable gardens are only suitable for balconies facing southeast or southwest.
Sufficient air circulation:
In addition, the balcony must be well ventilated. The air must not stand or be contaminated with cigarette smoke. If no adequate air circulation is guaranteed, then the plants are much more susceptible to pests.
Use large planters:
When planting vegetables on the balcony, you should use vessels as large as possible. They should be able to hold at least 10 liters and be made of clay, plastic or wood. Alternatively, you can get a finished kit for a wooden minibeet. This then resembles a raised bed (reading tip: Create raised bed - 4 advantages).
Prepare / fertilize soil properly:
The soil for growing vegetables should be enriched with mature compost, so that sufficient nutrients are present in it. For an optimal growth of vegetables, the addition of a long-term fertilizer is recommended. In summer, you should then use a liquid fertilizer again, so that the nutrient supply is replenished again.
My book tip on the topic is called "The self-catering balcony":
9 vegetables presented for beginners
Not all vegetables are equally suitable for the balcony. Of course it is particularly motivating for beginners, if the first vegetables are not too long in coming. In this case, it makes you feel good if you initially decide on vegetables that grow quite fast. For example, the following vegetables are almost perfect for growing on the balcony.
You can sow radishes between April and September and harvest the fruits of your work after just four weeks. If you sow fresh every two to three weeks, you will have a particularly long harvest time.
Radishes like a sunny to half shady location and are grown in rows with a distance of 20 centimeters and a distance of six centimeters between each plant. Good neighbors for these vegetables are for example carrots, beans, peas, tomatoes or lettuce.
❃ picking salad:
Pick salad can also be pulled very well on the balcony. Suitable varieties would include lamb's lettuce, cut salad, arugula and Lollo Rosso. It's best not to plant these salads next to celery, parsley and turnips.
Even the pickling salad needs a sunny to partially shaded place. The sowing takes place from March to August. The distance between the rows should be 30 centimeters, between the individual plants you should keep a distance of three centimeters.
Hanging herb garden for the balcony
The herb garden can be used normally standing like a flower pot but also hanging. The hanging chain is of course included in the delivery.
17,08 €To the shop
❃ Sugar peas:
Sugar peas are very easy to grow and they are therefore much cheaper to obtain than in the trade. This vegetable definitely needs a sunny spot and loose soil rich in humus. You should sow the sugar peas between April and July, and then preferably always group three or four plants around a trellis.
By the way, good neighbors for the sugar peas are lettuce, carrots, radishes and dill.They are very good with the sugar peas.
Carrots also love the blazing sun and can be planted between the end of February and June, depending on the variety. Keep a distance of five centimeters between the plants and take into account a sowing depth of about three centimeters.
Place onions next to the carrots, you have a good defense against the carrot fly. Good neighbors for carrots are also tomatoes, peas, lettuce and dill.
For the beans, especially the up to 40 centimeters tall bush beans are suitable for cultivation on the balcony. Beans definitely need a climbing aid, but you can also grow them up the balcony railing. Between mid-May and the end of June, you can sow beans in window boxes. Put four seeds into the bush of the bush beans and leave five centimeters between them.
Beans should never be placed next to peas, and onions and leeks are not ideal neighbors. On the other hand, cucumbers, lettuce, tomatoes, radishes and savory are very suitable.
Tomatoes are probably the vegetables that are most commonly grown on the balcony. You can cultivate them, for example, in tubs, window boxes or hanging baskets. The important thing is to keep in mind that tomatoes need a lot of sun and plenty of water to thrive.
Since tomatoes do not tolerate frost, you should only plant them on the balcony from mid-May. Put the individual, preferred plantlets in order, but not too close together. Every single tomato plant should then get a climbing aid, to which you can bind the plants later.
Cucumbers are also great for growing on the balcony. Like the tomatoes they need a lot of heat and sun. They are also suitable for cultivation in buckets, traffic lights and large pots.
In addition to the traditional cucumbers, mini cucumbers and lemon cucumbers are also very good for growing on the balcony. You can start sowing from mid-May. Good neighbors for cultivation on the balcony are then for example bush beans and dill.
Also from mid-May, the peppers can get a seat on your home balcony. In order to get a great taste, she needs a lot of sun.
When growing, you can decide for yourself whether to plant young plants from the nursery on the balcony or prefer the peppers themselves. In the last variant you should plant the seeds one centimeter deep in seedlings and then let them mature at about 28 degrees. From the beginning of May you can plant the seedlings in the vegetable patch.
Even herbs fit very well on the balcony, but you must make sure that herbs tolerate no blazing sun. Therefore, it is best to place the vessels with the herbs in a partially shaded place.
As far as the choice of herbs is concerned, you can actually grow anything your heart desires. Very popular herbs include dill, basil, chives, parsley, sage, lemon balm, thyme and lavender. No matter which varieties you choose, you should all grow from mid-May and according to the leaflet.