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Do you dream that picturesque veil-tail goldfish in the garden pond make their tracks? Then familiarize yourself with important criteria for the right posture. The magnificent ornamental fish are due to their physique much warmer and less robust than classic goldfish. This guide deals in detail with all aspects, from the ideal conditions in the pond on the successful breeding to successful hibernation.
The perfect pond- premises for ideal conditions-
If the veil-tail goldfish had a say, he would plead for the attitude in the garden pond. If the conditions are right here, the pretty ornamental fish will feel well all year round. Significant contribution to make pond size, water quality, temperature, planting and oxygenation. All the important premises for successful pond keeping of veil-tailed goldfish are summarized in the following overview:
- Location: sunny to partially shaded, with about 30 percent of the water surface in the shade
- Minimum pond size: 1000 liters
- Minimum depth: 100 to 150 centimeters
- Water quality: pH 6.5 to 8, 3, maximum nitrate content 25 mg / l, hardness 10 to 12 dH
- Temperature: 4 to 22 degrees Celsius
- Soil substrate: loose mixture of sand and fine gravel
- Equipment: Filter system and air pump for clean, oxygen-rich water
Aquatic plants are indispensable for the well-being of the fish and the biological balance in the pond. Pond plants remove excess nutrients from the water and serve as a sought-after retreat for the floating inhabitants. Ideal is a balanced mix of underwater and floating plants. High on the list are cattails (Typha), water mimosas (Aeschynomene fluitans), water hyacinths (Eichhornia crassipes), spring moss (Fontinalis antipyretica) and water lilies (Nymphaea).
Tip: In pet shops offered veil tail goldfish for a reasonable price are usually no thoroughbred Ryukin, Little Red Riding Hood, Tosakin or Veilteil. This has the advantage that they are less sensitive than highly bred veiling tails and are better prepared for the requirements of pond keeping.
Use skillfully- Tips for the Welcome Ceremony -
Veil-tail goldfish are sensitive creatures that are sensitive to sudden changes. Therefore, please take a little time to properly welcome your floating gardeners. The best time to use ornamental fish in the pond is spring. In this way you have enough time to acclimatize until winter.
- Only start at a water temperature of 15 degrees Celsius
- Put the transport bag together with water and fish at the edge of the pond into the water
- After 45 to 60 minutes, open the bag and pour in a few handfuls of pond water
- Close the bag again and leave it in the water for another 30 minutes
nutrition- How to feed correctly -
Veil-tail goldfish are omnivorous and seemingly never full. This entails the danger that beginners feed their pond fish too often and in too large quantities. The ornamental fish are then overweight, which significantly reduces life expectancy. Obesity makes fish so heavy and sluggish that cats and herons have easy play. In addition, leftovers sink to the ground, decompose and affect the water quality significantly. To feed with expertise:
- Only feed at temperatures above 10 degrees Celsius
- Varied feed with a change from dry food, frozen food and live food
- Green leaves of corn salad or dandelion as a supplement food and diversion of pond plants
- Peas, corn and unsalted potatoes in small quantities as an easily digestible diet
- Better distributed in 2 to 3 small portions throughout the day than once the entire daily ration
- Ideally, one fasting day per week
Live food, such as white, red and black mosquito larvae, can be eaten frozen or dried year-round at well-stocked retailers. In addition, there is the option to go hunting during the summer months. You will find in stagnant water, rain barrels and large watering cans.
water fleas- premium food for young and old -
Recommended for the successful keeping of veil-tailed goldfish and the breeding of juvenile fish is the feeding with water fleas. Your ornamental fish will get a high quality and natural live food that is perfect as a supplement to dry food. Rich in fiber and low in nutrients goldfish of all ages benefit from this food, as overfeeding is hardly possible. Fleas that are not eaten continue to live and are consumed later. In contrast, dried or frozen water fleas barely contain vitamins and sink as waste to the bottom of the pond if not eaten.
Especially the water flea type Daphnia pulex can be easily and simply grown in water buckets or ponds. This has the advantage that you know that you are providing parasiteless food to your veil-tailed goldfish. Feeding water fleas with algae will benefit your fish with important enzymes and bacteria via this route, which is especially beneficial in the breeding of juvenile fish.
Tip: A veil-tailed goldfish can grow up to 30 cm tall. The small size of juvenile fish in the aquarium of a pet store belies the stately proportions that adult fish can reach.
breed- criteria for successful reproduction -
Where veil-tail goldfish feel in good hands, family planning is the top priority in spring. The spawn is usually just below the water surface, where it sticks to the pond liner or to aquatic plants. After one week, silvery-black, shiny juveniles of 1 to 2 mm in size hatch. Until the offspring show up as a veil-tailed goldfish, it takes up to 12 months to land. That's how long it takes for the bright colors, shapely fins and magnificent tail to develop. The dark camouflage color contributes significantly during this time to the fact that the tiny creatures survive so long.
The biggest problem in the breeding of veil-tail goldfish is cannibalism. Adult fish have no qualms about eliminating the juvenile fish, even if it's their own offspring. By depriving the Veil Tail Kindergarten of adult fish access, you solve the problem. The following options guarantee successful propagation:
- Create a separate, shallow, densely vegetated area for juvenile fish as early as the construction of the pond
- Immediately after hatching transplant young fish into a separate pool
- Move the Schleierschwanz offspring into the house and maintain it in an aquarium
overwinter- Thats how it works -
A minimum depth of 100 to 150 cm is the most important criterion for a year-round attitude of veil-tailed goldfish in the pond. When the temperatures on the water surface drop to freezing in winter and ice forms, the pond bottom still has a temperature of 4 to 5 degrees Celsius. If the fish have been able to acclimatize to water for a period of 6 months, their organism will adapt to the changed conditions without any problem.
The successful hibernation begins in autumn. Protect the pond with a net from falling leaves or cut the leaves daily. In this way, you effectively prevent the dreaded fumigants that pose the greatest danger under a frosty winter ice.In addition, cut back on perennial pond and water plants in time. The stalks of ornamental grasses on the shore bind you with a string to a head, because for these plants, the pruning is only in the spring on the program. Thus, individual leaves can not solve and sink to the bottom of the pond. With the following measures, you guide your ornamental fish unscathed by the cold season:
- Stop feeding at temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius
- Remove pond pump and place frost-free
- Place an ozonizer on the pond floor for a permanent oxygen supply
- Place an iceholder on the water surface