Vertical garden: high up with living greenery

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A vertical garden is space wonder, flower decoration and climate helper in one. Modern city gardeners know about the diversity of this garden variant, but also in the natural or even rural garden, he enjoys great popularity. Comparable to a planted cabinet or a wall, you create an unobtrusive green, natural flair.

A vertical garden can be realized in very different ways - for example with succulents planted in large brick joints, ferns set in a wooden box system, or funkenias growing on a steel lattice. It is important that you choose the right plants for the right substrate. This is the only way they feel comfortable in these rather unusual places, even when exposed to the harsh wind, the warm sun and frosty temperatures. We present forms of the vertical garden and ideas for replanting.

Facade greening without climbing plants

A green garden planted with a vertical garden is not a classical facade greening. Rather, he is fascinated by leaf structures in the different nuances of the color green. Likewise it distinguishes a special richness of species. The foliage of Lady's Mantle and Bergenie shines bright green on a wall covered with perennials, grasses and ferns. A densely vegetated green, living wall is a very special eye-catcher. Situated on the terrace or balcony, it ensures a better microclimate. The foliage cleans the air and cools it easily in the hot summer by evaporating water. The green wall is also known as Living Wall. Not only because it gives the variety of plants a lively structure, but also because there are beneficial insects settle there.

Green wall with leaf ornamental perennials

In contrast to the classic facade greenery, a vertical garden with small planted leafy shrubs can be effectively designed

In the garden or on the balcony, the planted wall should be placed in a sunny to partially shaded place. For better protection against winter frost, place your back against an outside wall. If you would like to design a room partition in your garden, it is recommended to firstly install a thick insulating layer of, for example, polystyrene, and secondly to cover the planting with a nonwoven from November onwards. In order for the Green Wall to always look good and stay firm, a solid construction is essential. Extremely practical is an irrigation system, ideally a so-called drip irrigation, in combination with a wall in sandwich construction. Here, there is a substructure as a scaffold, an insulating or protective layer, a substrate layer for the plants and, last but not least, the plants themselves. From a water reservoir, a small pump pumps the water through pipes into the substrate. This sucks so full and the plants gradually absorb the liquid through the roots. Such systems can be bought in specialist shops or build with a little skill and manual talent. A classic structure looks like this:

1. A steel grid forms the framework. It can be hung on a bare outer wall or put on legs as a separation and privacy in the garden

2. A plastic net with a mesh size of 0.5 centimeters is hung on eyelets in front of the steel grid. This net is a protective and insulating layer. It prevents the subsequent layer of the sandwich construction from being pushed through the grid. In addition, it protects easily from cold, when the vertical garden is free and not protected against a wall

3. Now follows a mat rock wool, in which the plants can grow without soil

4. A stainless, small-meshed wire as the last layer is used to fix the plants to the wall

Building a green wall

Here, the Green Wall was built with a wooden frame and insulation material. Attached to it are individual box elements with circular recesses for the plants. The system is kept moist via irrigation hoses

When choosing plants, it is important to pay close attention to their needs. This is the only way the vertical garden has its desired effect and does not resemble a desolate arid landscape. For the green wall, leaf perennials are the best. Access evergreen varieties that can withstand longer periods of drought. The dwarf blue fescue 'Dwarf King' (Festuca Cinerea hybrid) is very well suited with its stature height of about ten centimeters. Even low shrub veronica (Hebe) can be planted very well on the green wall because of its green narrow shoots.If you have integrated an automatic irrigation system into the design, even more sensitive plants, such as the red-leaved dwarf purple bell, thrive very well on the vertical wall. For ungloved substrates are flatroots and survival artists such as various succulents very well.

Vertical garden brand self-made

Vertical garden made of plastic bottles

Empty plastic bottles can be easily converted into planters for the vertical garden. They are suitable for the room and for the outside area

From plastic bottles and solid twine you can create charming hanging vertical gardens. To do this, open the bottle on the side with a cutter. Cut out a long rectangle that is as wide as possible. Holes are now drilled through the bottle head, threaded through a tight string and knotted. To bring more color into play, you can paint the inside of the bottle and the lid with acrylic paint in your favorite colors. Close the bottle with the lid again, fill it with soil and plant, for example, pickle salad or - for the interior - fine pea plant (Senecio rowleyanus). At a fence element, shelf or curtain rod at the window, the bottles can be hung next to and below each other.
Very popular for self-made vertical gardens are buildings made of pallets. A great solution: planted flower boxes, rain gutters or halved PVC pipes that are attached tightly next to and above each other on the pallet. The advantage of window boxes is that the plants have more substrate in which they can thrive. So you can put in the flower box a larger selection of perennials and grasses. You can also plant Euro pallets directly by placing them with the shorter lateral side and closing the base boards, which are screwed down with wooden blocks, on one side with a long wooden board - thus creating three long, improvised planters per Euro pallet already firmly connected to the pallet.

Modern vertical garden

Hanging up like a green, living picture, the modern vertical garden presents itself in a frame of light wood. A small section of a green wall. This small but fine shape can be fixed in the house as well as on the balcony or on a wall in the garden with dowels and screws. Particularly effective are larger groups of vertical, green pictorial art works. Well suited is a wall or wall that stands in partial shade. If you choose a plantation of succulents, such as Echeveria or Hauswurz, a drier and sunnier location is possible.

Living mural on white wall

So-called living murals have a modern look and are especially effective on white walls

Incidentally, this form of vertical garden can also beautify your walls in the house. Tillandsia in a green picture are particularly well-suited here. The small aerial rootlets find a good hold in a wire mesh and can develop here magnificently. They do not have to be cast. From time to time, just spray some rainwater on the leaves to keep the plants looking fresh.
Not only the living mural is a very modern variant of the vertical garden. Many landscape artists are constantly developing new forms for the design of parks or public spaces, which also make the hearts of many hobby gardeners beat faster - for example, columnar gardens made of Corten steel with recesses for planting with grasses and medium-sized perennials.

Planted column made of Corten steel

Planted column made of Corten steel

Natural vertical garden

The vertical garden also finds its place in rural or naturally landscaped gardens. An earth rampart or a garden wall can be planted very well with purple bells (Heuchera), Bergenien (Bergenia) and climbing spindles (Euonymus fortunei). Under the leaves, insects feel particularly well, because there they find a suitable shelter, food and protection against predators. A natural vertical garden is the right choice for anyone who wants to give nature a bit of space in the garden, but still values ​​contemporary design. Flowering perennials such as the Campanula are also very suitable for such planting. With its bright blue flowers and the open pollen, for example, it attracts many wild bees.

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