The Content Of The Article:
- summer pruning
- rejuvenation pruning
- Worth knowing soon
The spring cut usually means breaking out. In doing so, water projectiles (water sprouts), everything that sprouts from the old logs, are broken out. It's easy without tools. Also, shoots that sprout out of the fruit wood and can not detect any fruiting approaches are removed. A shoot should stay tuned for each fruitwood shoot, even if no fruitings are visible. If several shoots from a fruit approach to the fruit wood, you can only grow the strongest.
AuslichtungsschnittThe Auslichtungsschnitt is not necessary in every case. It is used in older vines that have grown without education or without cut for a long time. In this case one speaks of a neglect of the vine. This can be seen in many clumping branches, some of which (especially in the lower area) spew out only a few leaves. During the clearing cut, dead wood is removed and, if present, all infested and diseased parts of the vine. Supernumerary tribes are, depending on the form, cut away or shortened. The best time for the clearing cut is in February, March, when the vines are not yet foliage-bearing.
summer pruningThe summer cut is something for ambitious gardeners or winemakers. This can ensure a rich harvest or particularly accurate growing vines on the trellis. Whether a summer cut can make sense depends on the vigor of the grape varieties. Strongly vigorous varieties form at the beginning of an excessive number of shoots, so you can lose track without summer cut with the years because of leaves. The best time for this is June. But actually these correction cuts can be made throughout the summer. In the summer cut especially long shoots and non-supporting avarice or water shoots are removed.
For the summer cut also includes the so-called green section, a partial defoliation. In doing so, all leaves that take the sun out of the fruiting roots are removed. That should happen gradually. Otherwise, the young grapes could, at the radical removal of their sunscreen, get a sunburn. With this measure, the grapes tend to mature and become larger. In addition, the risk of mold infestation is also reduced.
rejuvenation pruningAfter five to ten years, it may be necessary to rejuvenate the vine. This can be seen in the fact that the branches (the thick branches of the main trunk) are gnarled and outdated. Now it is time to breed a new "departure" there. For this one looks for a water shoot, as close as possible to the trunk. He shoots long and straight in the air and must now be shortened to a few buds. The finish is also shortened, after the water drive. From the lower buds of the water shoot new fruit shoots should now grow. Tip: If there is no water sprout, it can be provoked. Damage or bruising of branches often causes water shoots. For this you can hit the stem at the desired spot with the blunt side of a knife or a pair of scissors, just enough to squeeze a few fibers.
Even if it all sounds very complicated and laborious at first, who would like to enjoy grapevines, it should deal a little with this topic. Every year, you learn about it and over time get a sense of what cut is when it becomes necessary. A regular check, enjoyment in the care and observation of the growth behavior facilitate the cutting work for healthy, beautifully grown vines.
Worth knowing soon
- The vines are cut in the spring from February to March.
- Thus, the relationship between the growth of the stick and the fruit success remains balanced.
- In general, the stronger the pruning, the greater the growth of the stick and the lower the fruit's success.
- This is because the vine plants its flower buds in the previous year.
- Old sticks strong, young cuts less: A strong pruning can act like a fountain of youth in an old, exhausted vine, because this is stimulated by this to new growth. The exact opposite is true for a young stick. Its growth can be slowed down by leaving more fruit wood on it.
- Cut water shoots, let stand one-year old wood: The flowers are formed on the green, this year's shoots, which come from one-year old wood. Barren are the so-called water guns. They grow directly from old wood, which is older than two years.
Rod and cones
- A tail is a shoot that is cut back to eight to twelve eyes.
- When speaking of a pin, it is meant a shoot cut to one or two eyes.
- With the one-year wood, usually 90 percent of the existing eyes are removed.
- A complete floor can be cut out of the trellis.It does not have to be feared that the stick dies.
- On the contrary, this can even rejuvenate an older cane.
- The most appropriate form in a trained as a trellis vine is the pin cut.
- It must be prevented that the pin moves further and further upwards. For this purpose, the pin is cut as short as possible.
- Only one to two visible eyes remain on the pin.
- The one year old shoot is cut off exactly in the middle between two eyes.
- Too much foliage is too dense, because it shadows the grapes and it can therefore easily lead to fungal diseases. Therefore, between the pins should be left about a distance in the length of a pruning shears (about 20 cm).