The Content Of The Article:
- Toughen up
- bucket Culture
- Diseases and pests
Most vine tomatoes reach a stature height of maximally 50 centimeters. So they grow more in width than grow in height, which is why you should pay attention to a generous planting distance. Optimal for the development of plants in the field is a planting distance of 80 centimeters. Further need vine tomatoes:
- a sunny and bright location
- At least eight hours of sun every day
- a sheltered location that is airy at the same time
groundVine tomatoes are strong eaters, which is why they need a very nutritious soil. There is special tomato soil for the tub culture, which is optimally adapted to the needs of the plants. Furthermore, the soil should have the following properties:
- well drained
- slightly acidic (pH value: 6.5 to 7.0)
Tip: Whether the soil in the garden is suitable for cultivation, can be easily checked with the so-called snowball trick. Make a snowball out of the garden soil. The earth is suitable when the snowball keeps falling apart.
Vine tomatoes can be grown from seeds. The seeds are best sown from the beginning to the middle of March and placed in a container on the windowsill. Suitable containers are special culture dishes or small pots of peat or cellulose. If many vine tomatoes are to be grown, you can also use so-called multi-pot plates for cultivation. Ideal for the seeds is a nutrient-poor potting soil. When sowing the seeds, proceed as follows:
- Gently place the soil in the containers
- Spread seeds at a distance of about three centimeters
- cover lightly with substrate
- water very carefully
- Cover the planter
- not completely close
- air daily
- Keep rearing soil evenly moist
- select a bright location
- Temperature between 20 and 24 degrees Celsius
Tip: To strengthen the young vine tomatoes, the seedlings should be given liquid fertilizer a few days before spiking. Two to three hours before transplanting, the plants should be watered.
If the seedlings are prepared accordingly, they can be implemented. Proceed as follows:
- Loosen sprout soil with a spatula or spoon
- Carefully remove the seedling from the container
- free from the earth
- Cut roots to two centimeters
- Put plants in new planter
- fill up with soil
- Press the earth gently
- Gently pour
- Outside temperature of at least eight degrees Celsius
- Night temperature not below ten degrees Celsius
- choose partial shade
- no direct midday sun (risk of sunburn)
- protect from wind and rain
implantThe outdoor season for vine tomatoes begins in mid-May after the Eisheiligen when no more night frosts are to be expected. This is also the optimal time to put the self or preferred plants in the garden bed or in the tub.
Tip: If vine tomatoes are cultivated in the bucket, a drainage layer should be applied. To do this, for example, put potsherds as the lowest layer in the planter.
TrellisesSince vine tomatoes reach a maximum height of 50 centimeters, a climbing aid in the traditional sense is not absolutely necessary.
However, it is still advisable to support the plants, so that they do not buckle in strong winds.Suitable supports are:
- short tomato sticks made of plastic, wood, bamboo or metal
- small trellises, pyramids or obelisks
Tip: Make sure that the planter has drainage holes, because waterlogging does not tolerate waterlogging.
Although the size of the planter depends on the variety, but you should always consider the following when choosing:
- Pot size between three and ten liters
- Minimum diameter for a plant: 20 centimeters
- Roots need a lot of space
- ev. Planter with water tank with a water level indicator
maintenanceTo ensure that the harvest is plentiful, vine tomatoes need good and regular care. The most important care measures are watering and fertilizing. Because only if the substrate is kept moist and the plants are supplied with sufficient nutrients, the delicious fruits can be harvested.
Tip: Remove all flowers that form from mid-August. So the power of the plant flows into the already existing fruits.
Vine tomatoes must be kept moist all the time. Therefore, you should water the plants in summer, depending on the weather, several times a day. Ideally, vine tomatoes get rainwater. Alternatively, they are poured with stale, lukewarm tap water. It is best to water the plants from below so that the leaves do not get wet. The optimal time for watering is in the morning. Additional water can be given in the afternoon or in the early evening. When casting, make sure that no waterlogging forms, because the plants can not tolerate this.
Tip: Since vine tomatoes need a lot of water, planters with integrated water storage are recommended. So the plants are optimally supplied with water, especially on very hot days.
As a starvation, vine tomatoes need nutrients on an ongoing basis. Therefore, they must be fertilized regularly. If the plants are cultivated in the garden bed, compost or cattle manure are ideal fertilizers. For the container culture liquid fertilizer, fertilizer sticks or drops can be administered. If no slow-release fertilizer is used, it is best to provide the vine tomatoes with a fertilizer every two to three weeks until the fruit is set. Thereafter, the plants are fertilized once a week.
Tip: Tomatoes also enjoy additional gifts such as coffee grounds or nettle sauce.
Vine tomatoes belong to the aftershade family. For consumption, only the fruits, so the tomatoes are suitable. The green parts of the plant are poisonous and can cause vomiting diarrhea, nausea or headache. The flowers of the tomato are not suitable for consumption. Also, tomatoes that have been attacked by pests should not be eaten, as the plant produces increased levels of defense to ward off toxins.
Although vine tomatoes are not hardy, they can be overwintered when cultivated in a bucket. In order for the plants to survive the German winter, they must move to a winter quarter. Ideal conditions are:
- a bright location
- a maximum temperature of 15 degrees Celsius
- For the care applies:
- do not fertilize
- Keep substrate moist
harvestAlthough vine tomatoes have the advantage that they are not very high, but a small drawback is that the harvest is slightly lower than with tomato tomatoes. The ideal time to harvest is when the tomatoes have turned yellow or red, depending on the variety. Then they can easily be removed from the plant. Usually they are harvested with calyx and stems. If not eaten immediately, they can be stored at a temperature of 16 to 18 degrees.
Tip: Storage in the refrigerator is not recommended as the temperature in the refrigerator is too cold.
multiplyVine tomatoes can be propagated with offshoots. Since no suitable shoots are incurred by the Ausbizen, a side shoot must be used for the propagation. It is best to take a side shoot above the first branch for propagation. After cutting off the shoot, proceed as follows:
- Unravel cut leaves of up to two-thirds of the foliage
- Plant cuttings quickly
- ideal is vegetable soil
- pour generously without wetting the shoot
- Bind the cuttings as a support to a small wooden stick
- choose partial shade
Under bush tomatoes, also called bush tomatoes, are understood to be small-growth tomato plants. Like the so-called grape tomatoes, they belong to the family Solanaceae (Solanaceae). Vine tomatoes are available in different varieties. The most popular ones are:
- Balconi Red
- Maglia Rosa
- Little Red Riding Hood
Diseases and pestsTomato diseases are caused by care mistakes, unfavorable weather or contagion. The most common fungal diseases include:
- Cabbage and brown rot
- Powdery mildew
Among the animal pests, especially the white fly is a danger to the plants.