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If you already have some experience gardening, it is sure to itch occasionally at your fingertips to cheat the climate in our latitudes. You may have already studied the winter hardiness zone of your garden, and you may even know that there is a very favorable microclimate in certain areas of your garden - were it not for the late frosts. Some of the hardships of our climate can be somewhat compensated by pre-cultivating plants:
What does preculturing mean?
Cultivating a plant means providing it with conditions under which it can grow optimally. Sometimes plants are cultivated in locations where they will show optimal growth only with a special preparation. This preparation is pre-cultivation, a "cultivating before cultivating" that prepares the plant for its final location (your garden soil).
Every plant has its home, often in a climatic zone that has little to do with the climate here. Growths from regions with completely different climatic conditions are not pre-cultivated in preparation for the garden soil, in which they would never exist anyway, but they can be cultivated with us under completely artificial conditions (in the room or in the tropical greenhouse).
Many plants, however, come with our climate, especially in summer, basically clear. All you need is a little more warmth when growing, and a little more light or a slightly longer growing season than nature provides to grow their flowers or fruits. Or you just need a little earlier start to the gardening season than the natural conditions give, so they will bloom when we want to enjoy the flowers. You can prefer these plants, so in the winter season you can use robust seedlings, which then start powerfully into the garden year at the beginning of the season.
Precultivation for better development and better yield
Among the flowering plants and vegetables that thrive in our gardens, there are some varieties for which the growing season is actually too short here. These include local vegetables such as cucumber or cabbage, in the flower plants petunias and industrious Lieschen, climbing plants such as vetch and many more. Many of these plants are usually not sown by the gardener, but pre-cultivated in the trade and sold as seedlings. But you can also get your young plants by pre-culture, which does a little bit of work, but also helps you to produce much cheaper plants. If you are planning to plant new plants in the garden next season, it is always worth checking to see if these plants are suitable for pre-cultivation - preferred plants simply have a starting lead.
Some southern plants need pre-cultivation
Especially southern guests such as the peppers, which we could almost like it, irritate the ambitious gardener immensely. The goal seems to be within reach... And these plants are also where a Vorkultivieren particularly worthwhile. In many cases, they are only so to move to a fruit set, in any case, you will be able to reap more. By cultivating, you will prefer your personal garden year for these plants a bit before or a little bit longer by using small plantlets in the winter season, which will then be brought to you in the best weather.
From a friendlier climate come z. Eg aubergines and chillies. These should be preferred so that they develop fruits in our latitudes at all. Tomatoes and peppers are also good for us only with a little starter relief or with a rich fruit set in the summer. For a whole range of vegetables, pre-cultivation helps to create a luscious harvest, and you only need to know when to start your pre-culture and when to plant the small plants.
This is how precultivation works
You need seed pots: There are special seed pots to buy, but seed pits or normal pots (depending on the space available to you) are of course equally suitable for plant forwarding. These vessels are filled with a nutrient-poor potting soil, you can buy ready-made mixtures (which are also put together today without polluting peat decomposition) or mix your own potting soil very cheaply.
Then take out the seeds, according to the leaflet, for each plant there is an optimal depth and a convenient distance, and place the planters in a bright and warm place. This can be a windowsill. You can also create your own cold frame or build a cold frame or a small greenhouse yourself, which then offers the first class conditions to the flock.Now you just have to keep the soil evenly moist, when the seedlings show up, they are thinned out or pique if they are too tight. They may develop into vigorous plantlets until the climate outside is suitable for putting them into the garden.