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Even among the ancient Romans and Greeks, the walnut was "high in the course". Due to its importance as a symbol of fertility at that time, the walnut tree was consecrated to the gods Jupiter and Zeus.
Since then, the walnut tree is considered the "food of the gods" - and still enjoys great popularity with discerning connoisseurs and hobby gardeners.
Even in our modern times, in some parts of Europe, a walnut tree is planted as part of a wedding ceremony in order to bring a rich blessing to the two lovers.
No less interesting was the walnut as an efficient protection against annoying mosquitoes and flies. For example, nut trees were often planted near farms and farms in the vicinity of manure heaps, in order to keep away "uninvited, animal guests" as a result of the apparently unpleasant smell of bark and leaves.
The different types
A walnut is a robust and very stable tree species of the genus fruit or deciduous tree, which bears round or oval fruits with a hard, wooden shell. The number of existing walnut species is very diverse.
Above all, the hazelnut tree, the black walnut, the sweet chestnut or the chestnut and the walnut tree are known in our fields. The best-known exotic walnut species include pistachio, almond and cashew.
Not only because of its fruits, the walnut is so valued with us, but primarily also because of its always rich and imposing flowers.
All what is needed
The walnut tree is assigned to the category of so-called light tree species, which indicates that it requires a lot of light and the least possible location to grow and thrive even into "old age".
Even if the walnut tree is only to be grown as an ornamental tree in the home garden, the attention of the gardener should be placed on a sun-drenched, free location. So if several nut trees are planted next to each other, a minimum distance of ten by ten meters should be kept if possible.
Anyone considering pulling a walnut nut kernel should be aware of the fact that the resulting crop will tend to produce very small and difficult-to-open nut fruits.
Far more serious in this context, however, is the fact that in these so-called wild-born usually there is a risk of increased fungal or bacterial susceptibility. In addition, the nut trees that are grown in this way are extremely susceptible to frost and drive out prematurely in the spring.
For hobby gardeners, who still want to "pull a walnut on their own", it is important, especially at the beginning of the growth phase to pay attention to a straight growth up to a height of two to three and a half meters in height. Regular trimming of the shoots as well as a halting pile, which is attached to the trunk, contributes to a healthy growth of the self-grown walnut.
Nonetheless, experts advise for the above reasons, prefer to resort to already refined nut plants from specialist retailers. For example, on the varieties "Miracle of Monrepos", "Esterhazy II", "Hugnuss", "Parisienne" or "Mars".
Cut back walnut
The pruning of a walnut should take place only at the end of the summer or even better at the beginning of the fall. Because at that time, the juice inside the tree in the branches does not flow too much, so the risk of bleeding can be reduced in this way.
Similar to the cutting back of other tree species, it is recommended to coat larger interfaces with a special plant or tree wax. In general, however, the walnut tree is relatively sensitive when it comes to pruning its shoots.
The treated "wounds" heal very badly, so it makes sense in any case not to circumcise the walnut tree too often. He thanks this "consideration" sooner or later with a lush flowering growth.