Insert water plants in the pond

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Insert water plants in the pond: pond

A reflecting water surface, in the midst of lush flowering water lilies, on the edge of elegant flowering shrubs

Those who still have room for one or the other plant in their pond can make their way to the nearest nursery. For aquatic plants, such as the decorative white-rimmed calamus (Acorus calamus "Variegatus"), is now the best planting time. Also suitable for water clarification are rushes (Juncus), frog spoon (Alisma), marsh forget-me-not (Myosotis), hedgehog fl ag (Sparganium), water lilac (Iris) or swanskin (Butomus). Be careful with reeds (Phragmites): It is proliferating! We explain step by step how to use the water plants correctly.

Deep or shallow water?

Plant plant superior

Before planting, you should be careful about where and how much depth you want to plant

The right depth of water is crucial for the prosperity of pond plants (see sales labels). Therefore, determine the depth of different pond zones before purchasing the plant. It is measured from the upper edge of the pond soil to the water surface. The lowest point is often 80 to 100 centimeters. If one subtracts from this the height of a large planting basket, one comes to 60 to 80 centimeters - the optimal depth for most water lilies. Low-growth swamp and aquatic plants such as calamus, pseudoscalla and flower can be placed directly in planting zones filled with pond soil. Stable grid baskets are recommended for plants with a strong need for propagation such as reeds, reed grass and broadleaf cattail (Thypha latifolia) so that they do not overgrow the pond after a few years. In general, you can use grid baskets for all pond plants.

This is how it is planted

The pot is unsuitable for permanent pond planting, so the plant comes in a plastic basket. This should be slightly larger than the root ball. Teicherde is filled in all around, it is nutrient-poorer than conventional potting soil. You can also use broken clay granules or lime-free gravel to prevent any nutrient input and thus increased algae growth. Tip: For Koi ponds, it is best to choose coarse gravel, otherwise the fish will root out of the baskets. Flooding or eroding soil, expanded clay or gravel is prevented by covering with large pebbles.

Substrate for plant in plastic pot

Lay pebbles on substrate

Complain with pebbles on the substrate

The right planting depth for water lilies

planting depth

Each plant has its firm water depth. Through steps or small platforms, you can vary the positions in the pond

Water lilies are available in various sizes. All varieties can only thrive and flower, if the desired planting depth is considered! As planting depth is always meant the distance from the sprouting of the water lily to the water surface. If the water depth is one meter, and the water lily is planted in a 30-centimeter-high vessel, the planting depth is only 70 centimeters. If planted directly in the ground, the planting depth is one meter. Large varieties for deep water should not be planted too shallow, otherwise they will produce too much foliage, but less flowers. Do not put small varieties for shallow ponds too deep otherwise they will barely reach the surface of the water. Dwarf water lilies require only 10 to 20 centimeters of water over the shoot. When buying in a shop, pay attention to the indication of the planting depth! In large garden ponds with at least 20 square meters of surface several water lilies with different flower colors place. For such combinations use moderately grown varieties, as strong water lilies with their floating leaves cover a large part of the water surface after a few years.

Gentle transition

Drawing of a possible pond design

A smooth transition from the pond to the bank plants results in a harmonious overall picture

The harmonious integration of the water surface into its environment is best achieved if you create a smooth transition from the pond plants to the flower beds of the environment. Flowerbeds on the banks of the pond close to the swamp area, but do not come into contact with the pond water. Thus, all common bedding plants are suitable here. For a harmonious transition from water to land, use perennials that look good with marsh and water plants. These include daylily and meadow rue, on the shady pond edge Funkie and silver candle. Be sure to leave a portion of the edge of the pond uncultivated to enjoy life in and around the water.

Deep water plants

yellow, floating water lily flower

The large, yellow flowers of the sea pot are a nice alternative to the classic water lily

From a water depth of 30 centimeters, the water lily (Nymphaea) dominates. Heart-shaped floating leaves and graceful flowers make them queen in the pond. Many water lilies prefer 50 to 80 centimeters of water. Small, slow-growing varieties such as "Froebelii" or "Walter Pagels" are content with 30 to 40 centimeters, strong ones like "Gladstoniana" conquer depths of one meter and more. Pond stub (Nuphar), also called pond rose, and sea teapot (Nymphoides) form equally beautiful floating leaves as water lilies, but do not bloom as lush.

Flat Water plants

purple flower pike

The heart-leaved pike flower blooms from June to September

Outstanding beauties such as marsh iris (Iris pseudacorus) and the elegant flower barb (Butomus umbellatus) bloom in the shallow water with a depth of about 10 to 30 centimeters, which is also called the swan flower because of its long, often curved flower stalks. They stretch their flower stems a good meter out of the water. The most striking are the blue flowers of the heart-leaved pike, which open about 60 centimeters above the water level. It tirelessly unfolds its flower candles in clear blue throughout the summer. Although hake also thrives on swampy pond edge, but is better planted in 30 centimeters of water, as it is protected there against frost damage. Although arrowhead and pine fronds bloom less spectacularly, they enrich the shallow-water zone with their beautiful foliage. The calamus also thrives at a depth of about 30 centimeters.

marsh plants

purple flowers on the edge of the pond

The towering meadow iris feels at the pond edge well

The swampy pond edge is an ideal location for many pretty flowering plants. At the water's edge, even within the pond liner or the pond basin, they get along well with the changeable conditions: with swampy soil, which can dry out briefly in heatwaves, as well as with slight flooding up to 10 centimeters of water depth. One of the most striking features of the marshy, partially shallow flooded pond edge is the Scheincalla (lysichiton): In spring, show first the showy flowers, and later the up to one meter tall leaves. The plant needs at least 40 centimeters thick soil layer! Completely straightforward, richly flowering bestsellers for the marsh zone are meadow iris (Iris sibirica) and marsh yolk flower (Caltha palustris).

Video Board: Care of Lilies : Planting Instructions for Water Lily Pond Plants.

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