Water Eater - species, care in the pond

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Water Ferry - Species, Care in the Pond The Ferry (Aponogeton) is a deepwater plant that has its origins in South Africa, Madagascar and Sri Lanka. It is up to 70 cm high, has long-stretched leaves that float on the water surface and small, white, vanilla-scented flowers. It grows in stagnant water and needs a minimum water depth of about 30 cm. The water fowl forms rhizomes, mostly in the form of tubers. Their roots find their way into the pond bottom. Their flowers are edible. The water fowl occurs in about 48 species.
Attention! The water ferry sows like hell. Care must be taken that it does not spread into natural waters.
Commercially available, common types:

  • Twisted Water Ferry (Aponogeton ulvaceus):
The fast-growing "Twisted Water Ferry" comes from Madagascar and is also called "sea-salat-like water ferry". It has delicate green, transparent, wavy leaves on the edge. Root tubers can grow up to 40 leaves.
  • Nautilus (Aponogeton boivinianus):
This native from northwestern Madagascar species has dark green, transparent, heavily pimpled leaves. In the growth phase it forms 1 - 2 new leaves per week. The tubers of the "Genopten Wasserähre" are edible, cooked they taste like chestnuts.
  • Wavy water-fowl (Aponogeton undulatus):
The "wavy water ferry" needs a lot of light. It has shiny, olive-green to brown-reddish leaves.
  • Krause Water Ferry (Aponogeton crispus):
The Sri Lankan, fast-growing "Krause Wasserähre" prefers a half-shady location. It has 20 - 40 cm long, strongly wavy leaves and up to 35 cm long, white flower spikes.
  • Two-eared waterfowl (Aponogeton distachyos):
This native South African species is now naturalized in many countries as a neophyte. Their flowers are eaten in the African kitchen as vegetables. It flowers twice, from April to June and from September to October. Their white flowers smell very strong.
  • Rigid-leaved waterfowl (Aponogeton rigidifolius):
The slow-growing, Sri Lanka-originated "stiff-leaved water-dipper" needs a very bright location. Their underwater, band-shaped, wavy leaves can be over 60 cm long. In contrast to most water-lice species, it does not produce a tuber but a long, thin, branched rhizome.
  • Lattice plant (Aponogeton madagascariensis):
It is also called Madagascar lattice plant or Madagascar water fowl and comes in three varieties: henkelianus, major and madagascariensis.
Henkelianus has broad leaves with an irregular lattice structure and white or yellowish flowers.
The variety Major has broad leaves with a regular lattice structure and also white or yellowish flowers.
Madagascariensis has narrow leaves with a lattice structure that can grow up to 1 meter long. Their flowers are pink to purple.
Care of the water ferry
For planting the root tuber is in spring in a grid basket sunk into the pond floor so that not the entire tuber is covered.
Depending on the species, the watery ear needs a bright, sunny to partially shaded location.
In order to avoid additional nutrient entry into the pond and thus increased algae growth, faded flowers and dead stems should be removed.
Normally the ferry does not need to be fertilized. Should it ever suffer from nutrient deficiencies, a special fertilizer for water plants can be used sparingly.
Alternatively, horn shavings can be covered with a layer of loam or clay and pressed into the bottom of the pond. The horn shavings decompose very slowly with the formation of nitrogen, which is then available to the plants directly at the roots as fertilizer.
For wintering, the grid basket with the tuber is spent in at least 50 cm deep water or you store the tuber in a warm, bright place in the house.
Most water-spike species multiply by self-sowing. It is also possible to separate a branch of the plant in spring or autumn to obtain a new plant.
Worth knowing about plant care
The water ferry is a floating leaf plant native to the stagnant waters of South Africa. The plants grow 40 to 70 cm and have small, white, intensely vanilla-scented flowers, which sit on branched inflorescences. The elongated floating leaves lie flat on the water surface. The plant forms a tuber. The leaves are linear egg-shaped and grow out of a rosette.
The water-gull grows in stagnant waters. It needs a depth of at least 25 to 30 cm. Direct tanning is ideal. Too high temperatures are not tolerated.
The safest way is to lower the root bulb in a mesh basket at the desired location in the pond.
For wintering, the plant basket should be moved to 50 cm depth. It is safer to overwinter the plant in a warm, light spot in the house.
The plant multiplies by self-sowing. Also, you can divide the ferry in spring or autumn by separating the side branches. The waterfront tends to overgrow. Therefore, care should be taken to ensure that it does not enter natural waters.
The flowers of the water-ear can be eaten as vegetables. They taste intensively of green beans.
Some aquatic species are well suited for use in aquariums, especially for cold water aquariums. Particularly well suited is the wavy water ferry.

Video Board: Best Algae Eating Fish and Cleaners for Cold Water, Temperate and Unheated Aquariums.

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