Watercress - cultivation, planting and care

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Cress seeds

The seeds of watercress can be bought in a nursery or taken from the existing plants themselves. Once the pods have formed, seeds are produced. These can simply be taken from the blossom after flowering and used for the next plants. For this you are looking for a water-rich place. If you have a dike in the garden, you can grow the watercress perfectly. It is only necessary that the plant constantly receives fresh water. If you want to grow the cress in the garden, you can dig out a ditch about 40 cm deep and sow the watercress there. You can now easily irrigate the ditch, but do not overfill it with water. Sow the seed in the trench and cover it lightly with the soil. Only when the growth of the watercress noticeable, the water level can be gradually increased. However, always pay attention to fresh and clear water with sufficient nutrient content. The optimum temperature is 10 to 12° C. The watercress can also be grown at 30° C.
Another method is to grow the watercress in the house. The best time to move the plants is between May and July. To do this, sow the seed in a watertight tray. From now on, make sure that the earth always stays moist. From a size of 4 to 6 cm, these should be pikiert. If the watercress reaches a height of 8 to 10 cm, this can already be harvested. Let the watercress bloom, you can also remove new seeds.

Care of watercress

The watercress does not need much care. The only thing that has to be given is fresh and clear water. If you sow the cress on the dike, always make sure that the water is of good quality. Even if you sow the cress in another place, it should always be in the water, so far that only the tips of the plants are visible. Always make sure that the water is fresh and pure.
  • Location: The cress likes it bright and sunny. But she has nothing against some shade in the midday heat.
  • To water: The watercress needs a lot of water and has to be watered daily.
  • Fertilize: With a suitable fertilizer, the watercress grows and thrives almost as if by magic.

But remember that the fertilizer is absorbed by the plant and the cress is then no longer edible as a spice. Use a food fertilizer, which can be used specifically for the watercress, without any restrictions.

Cut and harvest watercress

Already from a height of about 8 to 10 cm, the cress can be cut or harvested. When harvesting, proceed as follows: Cut the cress just above the ground so that the stems can regrow. If you have harvested the cress, it still needs plenty of water. Harvest so only if you need the cress, or they were the plants in the water or alternatively in a plastic bag. This way, it can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week.

Wintering of watercress

The watercress can stay outdoors in the winter. Just make sure that the water does not freeze. So you can enjoy in the winter over fresh watercress from the garden.

Diseases and pests

As the watercress lingers in the garden, it is of course not safe from pests. Snails, lice and fungal diseases can make the plant unusable and also destroy it. Check daily if a slug has got lost in your cress bed. If you discover a snail, collect it and remove the snails. When destroying vermin, remember that the chemical cudgels make watercress inedible. If you discover aphids on the watercress, you can remove them from a mixture of water and soft soap. Sprinkle the plants for several days until the aphids no longer exist. Another disease is the mildew fungus. Due to the high amount of water, it may be that a false mildew fungus develops and makes the cress inedible. Now you can decide whether to simply renew the cress or leave it alone as a decoration in the garden.

Worth knowing about watercress soon

The watercress is a delicious spice for salads and food of all kinds. If you have the opportunity to grow watercress yourself, you can create a small Kressebeet with a few simple steps. Keep plenty of fresh water and keep pests away from cress as best you can. Infested cress is also no longer suitable as food and should be disposed of.
  • A container or a balcony box are sufficient if you want to grow watercress.
  • The watercress needs oxygenated water. The water must be renewed at least every other day.
  • First of all, you need the seeds, which you can buy in every common gardening market.
  • Furthermore, you need sandy soil in which you can look the seeds.
  • You sow the seed broadly in a bed or in a watertight container, lightly press the soil and cover it with fine sand.
  • After that, the seed needs about one to three weeks to germinate.
  • However, the germination time depends on the temperature that prevails during this time. This should be conveniently about 20° C.
  • The seedlings from the seed can then be transplanted into a sandy soil at the beginning of August. Here the watercress needs a shady location.
  • For harvest, the about 6 cm long shoot tips are. If the watercress is still blooming, you can quietly wait for the flower and use the seed for sowing next year.

The effect and use of watercress

Watercress has many healthy ingredients, such as carotene, iodine, iron and vitamin C. Therefore, watercress is also proven as a medicinal plant and is used for example in kidney, heart or eye disorders. Although cress is made up of many healthy ingredients, it does not mean that you can eat it daily, especially in large quantities. In addition, people who suffer from stomach or intestinal complaints, should refrain from the consumption of watercress, as this irritates the mucosa. Watercress is also used in the cosmetics industry. Here it is used among other things in creams.

Video Board: 4K How to Grow Superfood Watercress Indoors! Cut -n- Come Again! Seed to Kitchen.

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