Birch fig, Ficus benjamina - care, cutting - loses leaves

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ficus benjamina

Ficus benjamina are in every third or fourth German household, often beloved and scrounged just as often because they behave less robustly, as was suspected of a birch fig. However, critics are not always aware that they are dealing with a tropical birch fig, which actually endures the shortcomings of the local climate with exemplary modesty. Below you will learn the origin of Ficus benjamina, with the resulting demands on care and trimming, the inexplicable leaf losses put an end to:


  • Ficus benjamina belongs to the large genus of fig trees
  • All of which have developed in (sub) tropical regions
  • The birch fig is therefore a tropical plant, not aware of many of its owners
  • Like any tropical plant, it has some indispensable claims
  • A great need for light
  • First and most common cause of leaf fall in figs, which are kept in the living room all year round
  • Indoor keeping with summer stay on the balcony or keeping in the conservatory getting the ficus better
  • The rest of the care must also be correct, but it is easier to influence
  • Sufficient water and humidity, even from the spray bottle
  • Moderate fertilizer feeds and a new pot when the old one is rooted
  • Cutting is not essential, but it can produce amazing forms of culture

Location and light

Leaves of the birch fig Ficus

The ficus benjamina is like all figs native to tropical and subtropical regions, which means for the location requirements as with any tropical plant:
The Ficus benjamina should get one of the brightest locations available in its new home. All of us usual room temperatures (from about 18 to about 25° C) are the tropical plant pleasant, the summer location on the balcony, the Ficus even from average temperatures of about 15° C (even at night) relate.
Incidentally, you should definitely treat your Ficus benjamina to this summer location in the open air. Without these "light showers" in our summer light (which is still sparse against the tropics), most of the birch figs will eventually falter. The summer location should be a little sheltered, from blazing midday sun and heavy rain / storm.
tip - If you have neither a balcony nor a terrace at your disposal, the Ficus benjamina will only be happy in the long term if you place it under a plant light. The difference between a sufficiently lit ficus ( and a light-suffering birch fig ( is huge.
A birch fig gets in rather dry living spaces quickly difficulties with the relative to the Asian home to low humidity. You can make up for it with regular (always when the potting soil has just dried) and careful (not too little and not too much) watering. If that is not enough, because the ficus benjamina z. For example, if you "weighted" with loss of leaf color or leaf fall, you could put it in the kitchen or in the bathroom for a while, because the humidity is higher. If these rooms are not bright enough, keeping in the living room helps only (frequent) spraying...
Otherwise, the Ficus benjamina simply needs a bright location, like with morning and / or evening sun and also like in the full midday sun, when he gets used to it slowly. In the house by a suitable window or (ideally) in a light conservatory.
If the light comes from one side only, you should occasionally turn the ficus benjamina a bit because the leaves might thrive in the light and the plant might otherwise grow crooked.

Care and wintering

The location is the most important, the rest of the care is simple:
  • Ficus benjamina thrives in all normal potting soil, in potting soil and garden soil
  • So in every substrate in which plants can ever grow
  • He gets water regularly, always when the earth's surface in the pot has just dried
  • Hard water should stick out, otherwise it makes limescale on the leaves
  • Fertilizer needs the birch fig in the growing season about every 2 weeks
  • Ficus benjamina is not particularly hungry, ready-made green plant fertilizer in weak to medium concentration ranges

Ficus benjamini

In winter it depends:

  • The Ficus benjamina can be cultivated and then treated as in summer
  • With a cool location and limited supply, he can also be forced deeper into the rest period
  • If Ficus benjamina is on the balcony in the summer, it will be put into the house at approximately the same outdoor and indoor temperatures
  • When the roots take the whole pot, the ficus benjamina must be repotted
  • According to experience every two years, in the next larger pot and in new soil

To cut

Ficus benjamina are like all figs incredibly cut compatible.They also repel when you cut into old wood, probably even when you "pry" the trunk almost to the ground.
Heruntersäbeln is z. For example, when the ficus on the dresser on the ceiling scratched. Usually you will sacrifice in this limiting trimming only the upper quarter or third of the trunk, which tolerates the birch fig uncritically.
Other reasons to cut a ficus:
  • Promotion of branching, to the young plant is pruned in the spring all around
  • Remove wilt, dry, diseased, broken shoots, at any time
  • Exuberant Ficus benjamina in the barriers
  • Best in spring, with individual shoots whenever they bother
  • To shape the ficus, in any direction and actually at any time
  • Only the basic approaches of a form cutting should be created in the spring


Trimming = cuttings, because you cut shoot tips, all head cuttings that you can easily root: put in potting pots with potting soil, cover to increase the humidity with foil, wait a few weeks (when the first new sprout comes up, roots have also grown).
tip - If you want to grow a lot of Ficus benjamina, you can also have the fig cuttings rooted in water glasses. Figs are therefore considered symbols of fertility and wealth, because they are so willing to drive out, the cuttings will soon look

Types and varieties


Ficus benjamina has been in cultivation for quite a long time, during which time some cultivars have emerged; here the best known:
  • Ficus benjamina, green natural form, awarded the "Award of Garden Merit" by the Royal Horticultural Society UK
  • Ficus benjamina 'Variegata', first variegated variety
  • Ficus benjamina 'Nastasja' grows especially small-leaved
  • Ficus benjamina 'Golden Princess', gold-cream variegated leaves
  • Ficus benjamina 'Starlight', white-colored variegated, Award-of-Garden-Merit-Award winner
tip - You are reading an article about Ficus benjamina, and you may already be told by the first person who is looking over your shoulder while reading that this plant is called "Ficus benjamini"... Do not believe it, there are only 50,000 search engines Mal, which react to any nonsense for commercial reasons, botanically the plant is called Ficus benjamina, since Carl von Linné so named in 1767. You rarely need the right botanical name, because birch figs are often simply sold as ficus with no species or breed name. But if you want to buy a specific (variegated) ficus, it should be able to identify itself with all names.

Birch fig loses leaves

The main reproach to the Ficus benjamina, but if it is only a few leaves, it could simply be due to nature. Because with a tropical plant that is cultivated in an environment with strange seasons and much less light than at home, most professionals find occasional leaf loss quite normal.
If there are many leaves, you should do the research for the causes; in question are some:
  • Lack of light, the photosynthesis of the ficus starts at a certain brightness
  • If it is too dark, the leaves starve to death, especially quickly in the slightly sensitive variegated cultivated forms
  • Sunburn from suddenly striking full sun can destroy the leaves of the corresponding plant part
  • Morbid leaf fall can also be caused by too little / too much water, heat, fertilizer
  • And of course by pests and diseases
  • Those who are especially fond of an already weakened Ficus benjamini

ficus benjamina Birkenfeige loses leaves bald

Otherwise, a Ficus benjamina also heat accumulation (used air), strongly fluctuating temperatures, over-zealous air conditioning and sudden relocation in a completely different environment is not so great; especially if such effects occur in quick succession. Sometimes several harmless nursing failures, which are taken care of by themselves, lead to a leaf drop, then the cause research becomes quite a detective task. If you control point by point and fix any damage found as soon as you discover it, your ficus benjamina will eventually be dense again and appear in full beauty.
Unknown Ficus benjamina: Special ingredients and special forms of culture
The ficus benjamina is appreciated because it brings decorative greenery into the living spaces, which is fairly easy to maintain, taking into account the most important basic needs of the tropical plant. The birch fig complies with these claims, but has many more remarkable qualities and talents:
  • The white milky sap of Ficus benjamina contains several phytochemicals: flavonoids, furocoumarins, rubber
  • These phytochemicals develop several different effects
  • The milk juice has an antibacterial effect, an extract from the leaves to reduce rheumatism and swelling
  • In Asia, Ficus Benjamina should therefore be used as a medicinal plant
  • The birch fig cleanses the air
  • Ficus Benjamina filters formaldehyde, xylene and toluene from the air
  • According to neurodermatitis portal, the birch fig also counts as one of our major alergy triggers
  • A Ficus benjamina can be grown because of its growth characteristics in some special forms of culture
  • Shape cuts with several round crowns are possible:
  • Ficus benjamina is also suitable as a bonsai for the culture (choose one of the small-leaved varieties)
  • Air roots of the ficus benjamina grow together under pressure:
tip - Rootweaving is one of the hottest trends in ornamental plants. Ficus benjamina forms air roots when kept in a humid environment, and of course it's not about growing a house, but about ornamental plants that really not everyone has: -benjamina-braid-in-net-pots-809.jpg.

Video Board: Ficus Tree Survival Story Part I Revival.mp4.

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