Weeping willow, hanging willow - Wanted poster, care and cutting


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Weeping willow, hanging willow - Wanted poster, care and cutting: wanted

The weeping willow has a very romantic and unique look. If you have enough space in the garden, you should definitely plant this atmospheric plant. She looks especially good on a pond in which she reflects.

Location

The weeping willow appreciates sunny as well as expansive locations, where it can spread its lush spreading shoots almost to a spherical treetop. The weeping willow is particularly beautiful on water surfaces such as a garden pond. Here she can show her beauty perfectly by the reflection in the water and her growth towards the water. When selecting the weeping willow you should immediately consider that the weeping willow is not one of the plants that can be moved at will. Because weeping willows can reach a height of up to 20 meters and take up much space through the drooping branches, you should pay attention to a suitable place when planting, which offers the plant plenty of sun and plenty of space in all directions.
An important factor for the choice of location is that older plants, on the one hand, are at great risk due to the enormous weight of the hanging treetop and, on the other hand, due to possible fungal attack, which makes it practically impossible to move an older plant. If supporting equipment does not stop the plant at its current location, it must be completely felled.
The ideal location...
  • is extensive, as the plant grows enormously
  • takes sufficient distance to other plants and parts of buildings
  • should be final as the willow makes relocation difficult

plants

Overall, the hanging pasture is both a robust and easy-care deciduous tree, which is due to its special growth type for large gardens very well. Although the weeping willow is often found in waters, it does not necessarily have to be close to the planting site. It is important when planting the weeping willow, to ensure a sufficient distance to garden fences, garden sheds and residential buildings. In addition, the roots of the tree are so strong that they can easily damage underground pipes, pipes and even gas pipes. It is therefore important to pay attention to optimal safety when planting.
The weeping willow is, as usual with all deciduous trees, planted before the leaves. This can happen in the months of October to March. It is important that the weeping willow planting hole is three times the diameter and three times the depth of the root ball, as this makes it easier for the willow to root. Enriching the soil before planting with compost and direct thorough washing after planting makes it easier for the pasture to grow.
That the plant takes up a lot of space, you should already consider when planting. Plants that are in direct proximity to the weeping willow have a hard time growing perfectly in the shade of the willow. It is therefore important to have a minimum distance of about seven to ten meters to other trees or bushes. Also a direct planting of the open space under the pasture with small-growth plants should be avoided. Push the willow hard, then their branches will eventually reach down to the ground, taking the last bit of light from the plants below.

Substrate & soil

Willow - Salix

The weeping willow appreciates a humus rich and moist ground. That is why it is very common in nature to find streams, ponds, lakes and rivers.

Fertilize

Universal or long-term fertilizer is rather unsuitable for the weeping willow. Much better is to mix in the young plant in spring and in the fall sufficient compost under the already mulched soil. So the tree is best supplied with necessary nutrients. It is also sensible not to remove the fallen leaves in autumn, but instead to distribute them as natural fertilizer around the weeping willow. The contained micro-organisms cause a decomposition of the leaves and thus an enrichment of the soil with important nutrients.

to water

Hanging pastures naturally have a great tolerance to waterlogging. Therefore, they do not necessarily need a porous floor. The casting of the plant does not have to be dosed, but can be quite abundant. However, it is important that the root ball never completely dries, especially in hot summer months, because a lack of water takes the pasture quickly evil and shows this with yellow and early sloping foliage. Older plants with abundant root system are able to supply themselves with water from the soil, provided that it rains regularly even in hot summer months. However, young trees still need support and should therefore be watered several times a week several times.

To cut

The weeping willow is generally undemanding - and that also applies to the cut.It is a cut-tolerant deciduous tree and even rougher rookie mistakes forgive them easily. If a tall tree gets a radical cut, it thanks him with a strong shootout next year. If you want to enjoy the pussy willow in the spring, you can postpone the cut until just after flowering. Because the pasture forms many strong branches, the drooping branch can quickly have a weight of a few tons. Therefore, it makes sense to proceed from the outside to the inside and to cut away the lower shoots. Only then can the intersection of the main branches take place. The closure of the wound edges can be accelerated by smoothing with a chainsaw. Special tree ointment does not need the pasture after the cut.
The intensive growth of weeping willow makes it very difficult to correct the weeping willow in its stature height by cutting. If a radical cut is desired, it can be done by means of a form cut, whereby the drooping shoots are brought to the desired growth direction. For this, the branches are cut back by 2/3 of their length. It is important that the cut takes place below each pair of leaves or buds, which have the desired growth direction. Within the cut then even transverse shoots can be removed.

overwinter

In the first winter outdoors, the weeping willow still needs support against the cold. Then the root system should be covered with a layer of horn shavings or humus to be protected. If the tree is properly rooted, the weeping willow no longer needs frost protection. However, even thin stems of young plants should be protected by means of strong stakes before autumn storms or tipping over.

Diseases / pests

The weeping willow is not very susceptible to diseases and pests. However, some fungi can cause problems. However, chemical agents do not always have to be used for controlling, since the diseases can often be contained with simple means. The shoot-top drought, botanical as Marssonina saliciola indicates, shows in black-brown growths on the shoots of the pasture. The fungus spends the winter within sick parts of the pasture as well as in withered foliage on the ground. In spring, it then infects the pasture and produces leaf damage and injuries that resemble hail damage. Now, control measures must start immediately to save the plant. To save the weeping willow from the headland drought requires:
  • immediate generous removal and destruction of affected parts of plants
  • Collect the fallen leaves to avoid further spreading
  • possibly even the use of fungicides from specialist retailers
Another disease that can affect the pasture is the willow scab. Especially on wet and cold days is often a thickening of the branches and the discoloration of shoots and leaves recorded. These symptoms indicate the fungus called Pollaccia saliciperda. The discoloration spreads in a few days and a scabby color ultimately leads to the death of infected leaves and shoot tips.
Against Pollaccia saliciperda help:
  • the supply of the plant with phosphorus and potash
  • the immediate removal of infected leaves and branches
The galena affects particularly young plants and shows in the form of white and lead-like gloss on leaves and shoots, which then die off. Here is the mushroom called Stereum purpureum Guilt that penetrates through cuts in the pasture. The treatment of this pathogen is difficult. Possible measures against galena are:
  • consistent trimming of the infested tree parts
  • Promote the defense of the tree by means of salix and additionally phosphorus and potassium.

frequently asked Questions

  • Can I multiply weeping willows ourselves?
The weeping willow can be easily propagated, because it already forms new roots when cuttings are placed in a container with water or directly in potting soil. Most favorable for the propagation is the fall. Here, a branch of the willow in a length of about 10 cm is cut directly below an eye of the plant. The cuttings are placed in water, before all the lower leaves are removed to prevent rot. Now rooting takes place soon and the cuttings can move into a pot of potting soil until it is strong enough for the garden.
  • Are weeping willows poisonous?
No, children and animals are not endangered by the weeping willow in their own garden. It contains only in very small quantities a substance similar to the Aspririn.

Worth knowing about weeping willow shortly

Location
  • A weeping willow grows up to 20 meters high and develops a crown diameter of up to ten meters.
  • It grows very quickly, especially at a young age, but even at the age of more than 20 years, the annual growth is more than 1/2 meter.
  • Such a tree is therefore only suitable for locations where a corresponding amount of space is available.
  • In the wild, the weeping willow often grows in waters where it feels particularly comfortable, but it can also be planted in a dry location.
  • In the garden this tree needs a sunny to partially shaded place, in the soil condition it is however quite undemanding.
  • However, its roots can become somewhat problematic, which may even penetrate water pipes.
  • For a sufficiently large distance to the house and other facilities in the garden should therefore be taken when planting.
plants
  • When planting a weeping willow it should be ensured that the planting hole is dug generously so that the new tree can easily root.
  • He is placed in the same height as he had previously been in the nursery.
  • The best time to plant a weeping willow is the fall until the beginning of the frost, when the supply of tree nurseries is greatest.
Care and cut
  • The weeping willow can be cut back if necessary and then drives out again easily.
  • Even a strong pruning does not bother this tree. In the past, the willow rods were cut regularly. They served as braiding material.
  • A weeping willow is absolutely frost hardy, but in the first winter after planting the soil around the trunk should still be covered.

multiply

  • Cuttings of this tree easily form new roots when they are put in water or in potting soil.
  • The best time to raise a weeping willow is autumn. Then a branch about 10 cm in length, just below an eye, is cut off the tree.
  • The lower leaves are removed and the cutlet is then placed in a glass of water. This soon forms roots.
  • Then he can first be planted in a pot of potting soil until he has become strong enough to plant him in the garden.

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