The Content Of The Article:
- Preparation of the soil
- Sowing and planting
- Diseases and pests
- Harvesting and proper storage
- Popular varieties
Cabbage is one of the most popular vegetables in Germany, because it can be cooked or eaten raw. However, he puts his claims to the ground, but whoever honors these is rewarded with a rich and tasty harvest. The nature of the soil is very important, and especially that of white cabbage must be preferred. This can not be sown immediately, but only the young plants.
Preparation of the soilThe cabbage loves humus rich and medium clay soil. If the soil is too moist or sandy, either compost or manure can be mixed underground. Here, a bucket of 10 liters per square meter should be sufficient and mix the compost or manure well. So the soil is optimally prepared and now the young plants can be set. For this purpose, a sunny and yet sheltered place in the garden should be selected, because here the cabbage can thrive best.
The cabbage grows best in medium-heavy humus loam soil. The soil moisture plays an important role, which should always be sufficiently guaranteed. To improve overly permeable, dry or very sandy soil, mix a 10-liter bucket of well-rotted garden compost or manure per square meter. Particularly beautiful heads are harvested in well-protected locations. The white cabbage must be brought forward in the morning or seedbed and later planted out to the final place. For this a sunny spot with permeable earth should be chosen.
Sowing and plantingWhite cabbage, with its many varieties and varieties, can be sown almost the entire year, except during the winter months. In general, the early varieties are grown under glass, the mid-early in the cold frame and the later varieties directly in the field. The cabbage is sown in August in a bed with 5mm deep grooves and a row spacing of 15cm. The correct sowing time is very important for pointed cabbage, because if you sow too early, the plants will grow too fast and form a solid head, too late sowing the pointed cabbage does not fully mature
is seeded in mid-spring thinly in 5mm deep grooves with a lateral distance of about 15cm. The seedlings, if strong enough, are thinned out to 5cm and put the growing young plants at their final location in late May to early June. The bed must be chopped regularly during the summer months and must never dry out.
The sowing of the seeds starts only in May and can be extended twice more. Thus, the white cabbage can be harvested until late autumn or even winter. From June, the young cabbage can then be placed in the outdoor bed. The distance within the rows should be about 50 cm and the distance of the rows about 60 cm. After that, the bed must be kept wet all the time, especially in summer, when it is very dry. Of course, only if it has not rained, then the casting may then fail once.
Autumn and winter white cabbage
sows the same as summer white cabbage but only in mid-May. Later, you can make two follow-up sowings to extend the harvest season into late autumn and winter. The young plants will be planted on the spot in June. The distance in the 60cm apart rows should be about 50cm. The bed is kept moist by constant watering. Especially in the dry summer months, the plants need a lot of water.
cultivationSo that the cabbage can thrive properly, the following steps should be followed:
- Prefer cabbage in a seed or cold frame
- Choose the right location, it must be protected from the wind and sunny
- Before planting, possibly prepare the soil with compost or manure
- Keep a planting distance within the bed of approx. 50 cm
- Between the beds about a distance of 60 cm
- Water regularly, because dryness does not tolerate the cabbage
- Fertilize at certain intervals as cabbage needs a lot of nutrients
- Again and again loosen the soil and thereby remove dead plants
- Only harvest the inner cabbage, the outer leaves on the compost
Regular watering must be
So that the soil can release all nutrients, must be poured regularly. Since the water seeps too fast on sandy soils and too slowly on loamy soils, the nutrients are not released properly.Therefore, choosing the right soil is so important, because without it, the cabbage can not grow. Therefore, the soil should be loosened again and again at regular intervals, in which case the weed is removed immediately. So that the cabbage really gets all the nutrients it needs, it should also be fertilized. Of course, care should be taken not to fertilize too much. So everyone can make their own fertilizer from nettles, or buy a suitable one from the gardener.
Make nettle manure as fertilizer yourself
Simply take 1 kg of nettle leaves and 10 liters of water. Shred the leaves and then let them steep for 2 weeks with the water covered. Stir at regular intervals of several days. This stinging nettle should then be distributed as fertilizer every three to four weeks. Such a fertilizer is guaranteed environmentally friendly and completely without chemicals, which can be very important in your own garden.
Diseases and pestsOne of the diseases that can occur in white cabbage is leaf blotchiness, downy mildew and cabbage hernia. In order to avoid these diseases, the cabbage should be freed of dead plant material at regular intervals. This also applies to the bed, because this can just spread carbon hernia. This also includes regularly letting the soil down to limes and, of course, repeatedly letting the cabbage feel really good and able to grow especially well.
Kohlhernie, downy mildew and leaf blotchiness are among the most common diseases of cabbage varieties. To prevent dead plant material is removed, which provides a good breeding ground for diseases and pests. Thorough liming and regular loosening of the soil prevents the dangerous cabbage hernia.
Harvesting and proper storageAt harvest, the outer and loose leaves are cut off. Only the inner and the fixed head are harvested. If the white cabbage is to hibernate, then it should be dug out with the roots, and hung with the heads down, in a dark cellar. But pickled cabbage also turns white cabbage into a tasty delicacy that tastes even better. Of course, there are many delicious dishes that will taste even better with your own cabbage.
Although the cabbage has no roots, this is durable. Just keep it cool, because when it is this attitude but then again easy. The only attention he needs is until the harvest. But then every day after this must be looked, unless it has rained. In particularly hot summers sometimes even morning and evening must be poured, otherwise white cabbage can not grow. But otherwise even beginners in the garden can cope with this vegetable, without further problems. Of course it may be that here nudibranches want to cabbage. These should then be removed by hand, or removed with a beer trap. Otherwise, with proper care, white cabbage or cabbage is less susceptible to disease, which in turn ensures a good harvest. White cabbage must be earned.
- Marner Allfrüh, summer white cabbage - a very early variety
- Braunschweiger, autumn and winter white cabbage autumn variety with plattrunden, white heads
- Firstling, pointed cabbage medium-sized, stumpy, very early harvestable heads, good for autumn sowing