White strawberries, pineapple strawberry - cultivation and care tips


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Pineberries Emmbean

The just so fashionable white strawberry strawberries are not a new gene manipulation, but an ancient cultivar of the garden strawberry. These real pineapple strawberries cost you in the trade / restaurant but rarely, usually you have to deal with modern offspring, the taste rather unconvincing and must be harvested for trade purposes even half-ripe. Truly delicious pineapple strawberries only carry the right type of cultivar that you grow and care for yourself in the garden and reap in a ripe state - as you'll read in a nutshell, even for busy new gardeners without growing experience no problem:

The real pineapple strawberry and its peculiarities

The original white wonder is actually a normal variety of the garden strawberry, in which only a name transfer has taken place: Today's strawberry was created around 1750 in Holland from repeated random crossings of two American strawberry species. The "children" of Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis carried large, but wonderfully sweet fruits, the hybrid of the two starting species was therefore gladly included in cultivation and breeding - and received the botanical name "Fragaria Ă— ananassa". Literally translated "pineapple strawberry", originally the strawberry was also everywhere titled (in Austria sometimes today).
This "pineapple strawberry" was immediately bred enthusiastically, as early as the late 18th century, sources of white strawberry varieties (of which no one has survived until today) report. The famous pineapple strawberry, which has kept this name and the white color to this day, originated in 1860 in the USA. In the German Genebank fruit as a breeder of this white Fragaria Ă— ananassa 'White Pine' (official botanical name) a "Lanningaux" or "Lanny" from Germantown, Philadelphia listed. You do not have to track down his descendants to get the real pineapple strawberry, but the original is not easy to find.
It could still be worthwhile: The appearance of this pineapple strawberry is certainly something special and the fruits are really cute tiny with a diameter of 2 cm. The taste of the real pineapple strawberry is "even more special": originated from a white variety of the Chile strawberry (flavoring parent of the garden strawberry), the pineapple strawberry carries the typical strawberry flavor in pure culture in itself. The lighter fruit color changes the strawberry taste delicately and ensures that the fruit tastes quite acidic until fully ripe. At full ripeness the pineapple strawberry tastes much sweeter then the average red strawberry and in the opinion of connoisseurs simply delicious. So on to the search for the real pineapple strawberry:

A rich selection of pineapple strawberries

A search for pineapple strawberry (with various keywords) currently results in:
  • Fragaria x ananassa 'Anabella'
  • The White Pineapple Strawberry 'Natural White®'
  • Fragaria x ananassa Pineberry XL Snow White is self-fertile, hardly forms spouts
  • Fragaria x ananassa 'White Dream' is available as a pollination plant
  • Fragaria x ananassa 'Natural Albino®'
Sounds like diversity, but in fact all clones of a variety that was launched in 2010 with great noise from the British supermarket chain Waitrose on the market. Waitrose was bred by a company called "Beekers Berries", which together with "BerryWorld" forms "BerryWorld Europe", which originated from "BerryWorld" and later together with "Vital Berry Marketing" shaped "VitalBerry" - Sorry, I am at the moment a few "berries" too much, in any case you will find berryworld.com/group/brand/europe the Pineberry, which was bred for Waitrose. This Pineberry is also marketed by the producer as 'Natural Albino', other clones are under the trade names White Dream, Anablanca, Anabella, Natural White on offer.

ErdbeerblĂĽte


The magazine Food & Drink reported on the "Pineberries with pineapple flavor, white strawberries, Pineberry, Fruitilla Chilena or Fresa de Chile", the taste reminiscent of the normal strawberry and taste more like pineapple.
The British Guardian also said his staff tasted the new miracle strawberry. The reactions are quite enlightening, here are the most beautiful quotes: The food editor: "smells like strawberry, tastes like... water... with sweetener in it - it's disgusting." Restaurant critic Jay Rayner (author of "The Man Who Ate the World: In Search of the Perfect Dinner", et al.): "Basically, it's an unripe strawberry. Just because it can not be sold mean it should". A food loving journalist: "What the hell?... To... Whoa... So it's some kind of freakish strawberry that does not taste very nice." Overall verdict: "It does not taste like anything like a pineapple, it tastes like a sharp - and quite unpleasant - strawberry." Meaningfully and in short translated: "After water with sweet sweetener, immature freak strawberries, altogether quite horrible" (however also the journalists tasted half ripe strawberries, even harvested strawberries bring therefore already much more taste, because they can be enjoyed ripe).
Of the pineapple strawberries just listed, only the Fragaria x ananassa Pineberry XL Snow White, officially named Fragaria x ananassa 'hansawhit', was probably bred by Häberli Fruchtpflanzen AG from Switzerland (haeberli-beeren.ch/en/product/ strawberry-fuer-altitudes / 289 / snow-white-hansawhits).Exactly that is not to be found out, much more to this single-bearing, perennial Pineapple strawberry also not - a strawberry to ask or try.
How good that there are the German gene bank fruit, led by the Julius KĂĽhn Institute (Federal Research Institute of Crops) and several partners. How fortunate that the genuine Fragaria Ă— ananassa 'White Pine' is preserved in the Genbank, and that it is a public institute that makes the results of its work available to every citizen. If you do not want to fuss with possibly "hideous" tasting cultivars, you can refer to the German genebank fruit seeds or foothills of the original white pineapple strawberry. You can find out how to do this at: en.deutsche-genbank-obst.jki.bund.de/einfuehrung/zugangsbedingungen, the proportionate costs incurred to maintain the collection costs / fees will surprise you in comparison to the price of some "miracle strawberry industry" rather pleasant,
Tip: The pineapple strawberries grow daintily overall and are therefore well suited for keeping as a container plant that can develop highly aromatic fruits on a sunny balcony.

cultivation

The pineapple strawberry is grown in the ground like the normal garden strawberry, with the following features:
  • It is even more important than red strawberries on the fact that have accumulated in the soil no taste-spoiling fertilizer residues
  • "Pure nature" brings the taste of this unusual strain to its best advantage
  • So also for organic nutrients applies: With a strong portion of manure, the nutrients should not be better introduced in the soil preparation
  • The large proportion of chile strawberry from warm South America makes the pineapple strawberry more sensitive to cold
  • So it should be planted outside only when really any late frost is over
  • Plants of light color will get the most out of the light, but at least 6 hours of sun a day needs the pineapple strawberry
Tip: According to the motto "genetic diversity brings taste", it is recommended to put a red variety next to it for all white strawberry species. The cross-pollination brings more flavor in the fruits and also increases the yield.

maintenance

The care of pineapple strawberry is basically like the care of the normal garden strawberry; the genuine pineapple strawberry has several key advantages over the red relatives:

Virentäuscher

Pineapple strawberry is considered to be virus-free or resistant to the usual viruses that have been on (red) strawberry (tested for the real old pineapple strawberry, not for their invention by a Dutch berry grower 2010.)

strawberries


Breeders also like to claim that the white pineapple strawberry is not recognized by birds as a "snack". This claim contradicts several reports from regions / cities with adaptive birds that came quickly behind the "strawberry camouflage".

Maturity indicator

The pineapple strawberry has its own ripening indicator in and around it: If the (yellowish in normal strawberries) nut is bright red, the pineapple strawberry is ripe.
The pineapple strawberry is not an albino, but has the ability to form pigments, just a little less, which are a bit lighter colored. Pet owners know the problem: cat and dog with a light coat have pigments in eyes, nose and mucous membranes, sometimes many (dark eyes, dark nose), sometimes less (light blue eyes, "piggy nose"). Not only do the cats and dogs, which produce fewer pigments, look "a little tender", but their skin is usually a bit more delicate and sensitive, requiring a little bit of increased attention. But they are not real albinos, completely lacking in pigmentation ability, which is usually associated with more and more severe physical limitations. It is similar to the pineapple strawberry, its seeds are very fine and must be treated even more carefully than the normal strawberry, their fruits are a little softer in structure and thus more sensitive to pressure, but it is a genetically whole, robust strawberry plant.
If you do not want to pay attention to the intensity of the strawberries' red color, you can just gently pull on the (presumably ripe) strawberry. When it is really ripe, you have the strawberry in your hand; if you feel resistance, it will take a few more days.

Full of taste

The pineapple strawberry, which preserves the Genbank fruit, is a cultivated form of the garden strawberry, which tends much more to a parent side: To the fragrant Fragaria chiloensis in the subspecies of Fragaria chiloensis subsp. lucida, which in contrast to the other four subspecies naturally bore white fruits.
The pineapple strawberry is thus a subspecies of the strawberry species, which embodies the "strawberry flavor itself" and also does not really taste like pineapple. You may doubt this in the light of many articles on "pineapple-flavored strawberries", just remember that they are all about pineapple-flavored strawberries.

Strawberry white


Reports of real experiences with pineapple strawberries (which were really grown and eaten) give a different picture: Mostly it's about the new Dutch commercial breed, which should not taste like pineapple, but "meaningless".
When strawberry connoisseurs talk about real pineapple strawberries they have in the garden, there is no talk of pineapple flavor. The pineapple strawberry tastes just "white", which can certainly be perceived as "a touch of pineapple" (with a hint of green leaves, caramel, grape), but for all connoisseurs is also a distinct strawberry flavor here.

Strawberries for allergy sufferers

Many people are allergic to strawberries, which has to do with the protein "Fra a 1", which is responsible for the pigmentation of red strawberries. This protein lacks the true pineapple strawberry, which is why it is highly likely that allergy sufferers can tolerate the white strawberry (most likely and not more, the allergy can also respond to any of the many ingredients of the strawberry, so in doubt, test very carefully).

More white strawberry species

If the arrangement of the various pineapple strawberries has not confused you enough yet, here are a few white strawberries of other strawberry species:
  • Fragaria chiloensis Lucida perfecta is almost the prototype of the white strawberry, bred from F. x ananassa 'British Queen' + F. chiloensis 'Lucida', shining with "complex abundance of flavors" (quote from the above-mentioned aromatic nursery deaflora)
  • Various cultivars of strawberry strawberry-bearing monthly strawberries Fragaria vesca var. Semperflorens bear white fruits: 'Albion', 'Mara de Bois', 'White Baron Solemacher', 'White Hagmann'
  • 'Blanc Ameliore' is a real 'Fragaria vesca', a long-lost wild strawberry with white fruits that likes to grow on the edge of woody plants
  • The oriental strawberry Fragaria orientalis grows from Siberia to China and bears white, on the sunny side pink-tinged fruits, whose taste is described as "chewy candy with strawberry flavor"
  • Fragaria virginiana 'White Lößnitzer' is a scarlet strawberry with white-orange fruits, was formerly an intermediate crop in the vineyards and therefore tolerates gritty, lime-poor soil
  • The apricot strawberry Fragaria nilgerrensis bears reddish-white fruits in the varieties 'Apricot Chinoise', 'Bái HĂłngsè', which are said to taste of peach, apricot and nectarine and in the variety 'FĂ©nhĂłng Sè' brightly pink fruit, would be something
  • A very rare white-fruited musk strawberry is available here: manfredhans.de/Weissfruechtige-Moschuserdbeere-Fragaria-moschata

Video Board: Planting Pineberries [white strawberries].

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