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Do we need white peat in our soil? White peat is often touted as a miracle cure and irreplaceable, but environmentally conscious people have problems with the consumption of white peat, whose degradation destroys the bogs. On the basis of the characteristics of white peat, one can determine whether it must necessarily be earth with white peat:
Properties of white peat
White peat is used in large quantities for the production of garden earth because the undecomposed peat moss has a high water storage capacity and the high pore volume loosens firm garden soil. The white peat makes the soil light, loose and airy, and white peat is often quoted as saying that the nutrient content can be optimally adjusted.
That's true, but rather an argument against white peat. White peat has a ph value of 3 to 4, while a garden soil, which should guarantee optimal nutrient absorption, should be in the ph value between 5 and 6.5. Since the white peat is actually too acidic, the ph value must be adjusted in the mixture, lime is added for this purpose. In addition, peat is very nutrient poor, so peat-containing potting soil or garden soil must be fertilized with mineral fertilizer prior to sale.
Normal soil therefore does not need white peat
This composition, which requires crucial corrections before use, is the first argument against the use of white peat. With few exceptions, plants need humus to thrive. Humus is fed to the plants in an ideal way by adding compost. Compost is pure humus, and its production and use has other advantages: During composting, nutrient-containing plant residues are returned to the horticultural cycle. The compost replaces resources of destructive fertilizers, it ensures a balanced humus balance with continuous use and makes so also sandy soils over time more productive. Just like peat, the humus ensures that the soil can store water and nutrients, loamy soil becomes more permeable to air, lighter and easier to work. In addition, the use of compost ensures that carbon is bound in the soil, and it protects the bogs.
Even without the use of peat, the right soil can be mixed for each plant, it is usually about to stretch the nutrient-rich and dense humus. There are numerous materials available for this: For your garden, you can simply mix a third of compost, garden soil and sand. Commercial compost produced in large plants is loosened up with bark humus, wood chaff or wood fibers, hemp fibers and coconut fibers, and perhaps supplemented with clay minerals and lava granules.
White peat for moor-bed plants
White peat, with its ph value between 3 and 4, is clearly in the acidic range. Such an acidic soil needs some plant species: rhododendron, azaleas and blueberries z. B. like a soil that has a pH between 4 and 5.5. But even that is no reason to use white peat, as this ph range can also be achieved by adding numerous substitutes. Because a wrong or correct ph-value is not the only argument against the use of peat:
The destruction of the peat bogs damages us all
Peat is formed as a deposit in the bogs, plant substances accumulate and decompose. The emergence of peat is the first stage of a tedious process, at the end of which coal stands. White peat is the first stage of decomposition, it is bright and in the first stage (H2, historically named with the calorific value) the plant structure is still clearly visible, with the development to the white peat H5 the peat is darker and more homogeneous, from H6 is around heavily decomposed black peat. A lot of time has passed until this stage is reached: For several thousand years, a moor landscape was created, which gave a home to various plants and animals. With peat extraction these species are deprived of their livelihood.
However, the destruction of the bogs should not be stopped only for reasons of the beauty of nature: The bogs of the world are huge carbon sinks, with only 3 percent area they store about one third of the carbon bound in the soil. If the bogs are mined, this carbon is released as CO2. An example in numbers: The bogs currently in Bavaria would release about 700 million tons of CO2 into the atmosphere if they were mined. A staggering figure, if you look at Bavaria's environmental goals for the last decade: energy-efficient CO2 emissions should be reduced by a staggering 10 million tons, from about 90 million tons in 2000 to 80 million tons in 2010.
Nonetheless, there is still a lot of work to do, because peat is light, easy to transport and packable, and last but not least cheap. The mining companies do not have to pay anything for the consequences of climate change. It does not matter whether it is peat, which is mined in Germany or imports for. B.from Eastern Europe, also the bog there is important for our climate.
If you want your children to live well in this world, use peat substitute. Usually simple compost (depending on the purpose garden compost, wood chips compost or bark compost), also for special purposes such as the use in the Moorbeet, there is today peat-free soil to buy. For example, W. Neudorff GmbH KG 31860 Emmerthal, neudorff-handel.de, has been involved since 2002 in providing a comprehensive range of peat-free soils. Who wants to save money, mixes the optimal potting soil itself, for the peat substitute in terrariums there are peat-free terrarium humus z. For example, from Vitakraft, to order at fressnapf.de/shop/vitakraft-humus-ballen, 9 liters cost 3.49 euros.
Order white peat
If you absolutely need white peat because its sundew does not seem to grow well in the substitutes, you can use it for example. For example, order at plantarara.com, 5 liters cost 5, - €. However, he should also bear in mind that with this purchase he destroys the natural habitat of exactly the sun-dew plant that he so much wants to bring home to grow.