What are perennials?


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An own colorful world can be created with perennials in the garden. But which plants belong to the perennials and which ones are not?

With perennials flowering landscapes can be made even on a small scale.

The dream of everyone is probably to create their own world with blossoming landscapes. This dream has long since realized most hobby gardeners. Here are on so many plots fantastic garden spaces.

Ideas do not seem to be lacking, because hobby gardeners are often inspired by a visit to the perennial garden. It is the large perennial assortment with its colorful variety of flowers and different site requirements that offers gardening enthusiasts a variety of design options.
Hugo von Hoffmannthal, Austrian writer (1874 - 1929), already recognized:

"A garden can become a world of its own, regardless of whether this garden is big or small."

The botanist draws clear boundaries!

From the perspective of the gardener, the plants are referred to as perennials that are older than two years. They are perennial, perennial and herbaceous. In contrast to shrubs, the plant parts that project from the ground do not lignify. Once their seed has matured, they die by the end of the gardening year. Their roots, tubers (rhizomes) and onions, however, overwinter in the soil and form new plants next spring.

Even biennial plants are often counted among the perennial. However, they are not classified as perennials. The botanist draws here clear boundaries between the perennials and the one to two-year-old plants.

Characteristics and life of the plants

characteristicsPerennial plant (perennial)Biennial plantAnnual plant
Root:The roots, tubers or onions overwinter in the soil. After the dying out of the soil protruding parts of plants budding buds form on the roots, tubers and onions.Rhizome dies to the end of the second garden year and rots in the groundRhizome dies to the end of the garden year and rots in the ground
Blossom:Flowering plants, bloom from the first year on. Some summer shrubs are cut back after the first flowering and form a second pile.Flowers in the second year. Some varieties form after the first Flor a Nachblüte. The first flower should be cut back immediately after blooming.Flowers only in the year of the plant rearing.
Propagation by:Root runners, sinkers, tuber sprout extension or onion division,..."Semen embryo" in the second year. The plant is made up. Their seeds germinate in the same garden year and form hardy young plants. These flower and form seeds the following year.Release Only the frost-resistant seeds will germinate next spring and form young plants. All other varieties must be reseeded in spring.
Flowers for example:
  • cranesbill
  • crying heart
  • Wolf me
  • Flaming heart
  • lily
  • Kaisekrone
  • thimble
  • cloves
  • pansy
  • mullein
  • mallow
    • aster
    • lobelia
    • zinnia
    • marigold
    • marigold
    • nasturtium
    Vegetables, for example:
    • rhubarb
    • asparagus
    • wild garlic
    • salsify
    • carrot
    • parsley
    • radish
    • pea
    • Bean
    • tomato
    • zucchini

    Perennials that remain green even over winter

    An exception to the vegetation behavior of known perennials are many "evergreens". This includes, for example the sedum, which is known above all in rockeries or from the wall planting. The low Fetthennen belong among other things to this.

    Rooftail, Andean cushions, sandbulbs or Tymian are, for example, as "Evergreen" resident in the rock garden.

    Even on shady to partially shaded borders, evergreen perennials are indispensable. Evergreen, palm lilies, berries and lavender enjoy great popularity. The leaves of this

    In winter, plants lose their color intensity. Others, such as the Bergenie, take on a mild to intense red leaf color.

    Perennial or not perennial, that's the question

    Perennial, herbaceous and perennial are also the dahlia, the Indian flower tube and the gladiolus. They form tubers and store nutrients for the next garden year.

    Like all other flowering plants, they bloom in our latitudes from summer to autumn. However, these plants are not hardy. Their tubers are therefore brought into the house for the winter. Although these ornamental plants fulfill essential characteristics of perennial plants, they are not kept under perennials. They are commonly known among perennial ornamental plants.

    Video Board: Understanding Annual, Biannual, and Perennial.

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