The Content Of The Article:
Integrated pest management is still a foreign concept for some garden owners, although it was first established in the German Plant Protection Act in 1986 that chemicals should only be used in gardens with integrated plant protection in mind.
If everyone had followed this recommendation, it would not have to be made a duty today:
Goals and addressees of integrated pest management
Integrated pest management, which includes integrated pest control, has as its main objective that pesticides use as little pesticides as possible. In 2009, the European Parliament called the so-calledPlant Protection Directive Member States have been required to take all necessary measures to promote low pesticide-use plant protection and the priority use of non-chemical methods.
This is precisely what is in the recast of the German Plant Protection Act (Act on the Protection of Crops), which came into force on 14.2.2012, takes place. Afterwards the principles of the integrated pest management of everyone are to be considered, thus not only by farmers, but also by garden owners.
Plant protection in household and allotments is assigned a different status than the cultivation of crops, which is reflected in the fact that the plant protection products that are approved for commercial cultivation are usually no longer accessible to home and gardeners. He may only use plant protection products that are expressly approved for the home and allotment area. For the hobby gardener does not secure his livelihood by cultivating his products, he can therefore respond more easily to an infestation with harmful organisms.
Principles of Integrated Pest Management
In fact, integrated pest management is based on gardening, which was taken for granted before chemistry in bulk should facilitate the gardener's work. Until this chemistry threatened the health of the population. Now it is trying to undo this supposed progress. Of course, plant cultivation, which already took place according to the principles of integrated pest management at that time, was also part of orderly cultivation in pre-chemistry times:
A cultivation characterized by knowledge and non chemical additives is first prepared knowledgeably:
- The soil is constantly maintained, prepared correctly for the planned cultivation and fertilized to boost plants.
- If the seedbed is well set, weed control takes place before sowing or planting.
- Cultivation is planned over a longer period of time, taking into account the most versatile crop rotation possible or as a mixed crop.
- For each plant, a suitable location is selected that best suits their needs.
- Within each plant species, the variety is selected that threatens the lowest infestation with pests.
This may mean, if necessary, to use resistant or tolerant tolerant varieties, otherwise standard seed or seedlings or certified seed or seedlings will be applied.Rules for cultivation
The following cultivation is also subject to certain rules:
- If possible and conducive to the particular culture, a sub-sowing is introduced.
- The sowing takes place on the right date, in the right density and with the right planting technique.
- Conservation tillage is in the foreground - here is omitted on a plowing operation, non-turning tillage equipment leave the soil largely in its own structure.
- Measures such as direct sowing and cutting are used.
- In order to promote growth, balanced organic or mineral fertilization or liming is used, proven methods for irrigation and drainage are used.
- First by hygienic measures such as regular cleaning of garden tools and machines.
- Important beneficial organisms are protected and promoted. This can, in turn, be achieved through appropriate plant protection measures, but also through the use of ecological infrastructure in the middle or on the edge of the cultivated area.
- If pests are found, all conceivable and sustainable biological, physical or other non-chemical methods are used, which could achieve a satisfactory result in the control of pests.
First of all, this can be a variety of direct measures such as pruning or removing diseased peoplePlant parts. The direct measures include trapping and the use of cultural protection nets, colored glue boards or attractant traps.
- The next step is biological plant protection, ie the use of beneficial organisms. Here, certain predators or parasites of an animal pest can be used or antagonists of the pathogens that spread a fungus.
Only when all other means have failed, the integrated plant protection also provides for the use of pesticides. However, very reserved and not without expertise:
- The pesticides used must be selected as target-specific as possible, optimally agents are used that harm only the individual pests and in no way affect any beneficials.
- It is always preferable to the pesticide that pollutes the environment, human health and the natural balance least.
- Predictive methods should be used prior to the chemical pest management measures to determine certain control thresholds or thresholds of damage, so that the amount of chemicals introduced is kept to a minimum.
Conclusion of the editorship
The fact that home gardeners and allotment gardeners practice integrated pest management is of greater importance to all people living in Germany than many think: The land cultivated by private gardeners is an incredible 680,000 hectares - all small areas with direct neighbors, any errors in fertilization and crop protection the neighbours. These harmful effects are therefore potentiated to large areas, which has a significant impact on the environment.
It is not about the indignation of individuals to behave so that the environment does not suffer, but much more often that a gardener or allotment gardener actually want to behave environmentally compliant, but in case of damage, throwing any good intentions overboard and accesses the chemical club - as far as possible even with old, no longer approved means, which is often expected to be more effective. This can not only have extremely unpleasant consequences for one's own health, often the old stocks have increased significantly over time in the potential hazard.
It is also forbidden and can result in unpleasant fines if it is obvious during a check or if a neighbor does not just want to take the poison shower. In the final analysis, it could even lead to the fact that no more plant protection is possible because the pests are resistant to all chemical agents, but so do not respond to the natural means.