Why the peasant rose is not a rose


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The peasant rose is not a rose, because the two plants are not related from a botanical point of view. The common peony (Paeonia officinalis), as the farmer's rose actually means, namely belongs to the genus of peonies (Paeonia) within the peony family (Paeoniaceae). The name peasant rose explains itself, as well as the other names, the popular flower miracle (real peony, garden peony or "Bendetiktinerrose"), by the fact that the plant has a long tradition in our local cottage gardens - and their flowers the rose are very similar.

Peasant rose as a medicinal plant

The peasant rose has been known for its medicinal properties since antiquity and played a major role in Greek and Roman mythology - it can be found in various myths again and again as a life-saving remedy. The name Paeonia can be traced back to the Greek goddess Paian (Greek for "the helper"). In the high Middle Ages the farmer rose was brought by Benediktinerm├Ânchen over the alps and pulled first in Klosterg├Ąrten as a medicinal plant. Above all, the roots, flowers and seeds were used as a soothing and anticonvulsant for muscle cramps, asthmatic complaints, severe fever, epilepsy or gout. This brought the farmer's rose the trivial name "Gichtrose". Like many other medicinal plants before, the farmer's rose quickly found its way from the monastery to the farmer's garden. However, since the middle of the 18th century the peasant rose as a medicinal plant has lost in importance - as a flowering and undemanding perennial for the garden, it is still very popular. Mostly one sees the filled blooming forms with red or pink blooms.

Paeonia officinalis 'Rosea Plena'

Paeonia officinalis 'Rosea Plena'

These plants are also not roses

In the plant world, there are a variety of plants that also and misleadingly carry the name "Rose" - even though they are not related to the rose. The reason is the same as in the farmer's rose: The flower forms of these flowers and perennials are reminiscent of rose petals.
For example, the hollyhock (Alcea) belongs to the mallow family. It is a biennial perennial and herbaceous plant that reaches heights of growth between one and two meters. The sunflower (Helianthemum), however, belongs to the family Cistus plants (Cisteaceae). The dwarf shrub with perennial character is particularly well suited for sunny masonry, pebble or stone joints.

porcelain roses

Porcelain roses are available in a variety of colors

The porcelain, better known as the common bitterwort (Lewisia cotyledon), botanically belongs to the family of springwort plants (Montiaceae). The hardy perennial shrub feels especially good in discounts and rock gardens.
The Lantana is originally from America and belongs to the verbenaceae family. In this country, the exot thrives best in the pot on the terrace or balcony, since the plant is not hardy. The Portulaca (Portulaca grandiflora) is an annual plant that thrives easily even in very hot locations. Purslane florets feature a locking mechanism that allows their flowers to open at sunrise and close at sunset.

Video Board: Channon Rose Says You're a Peasant.

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