Winter banana tree

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Winter banana tree: banana

Feels well, it can reach quite a level and with luck, it starts to flower and even develops fruits. In our latitudes, the banana tree is usually pulled as a container plant. However, there are lately more and more specimens planted in the garden. Both variants are possible depending on the type, but whether in the bucket or outdoors, they must be wintered correctly, so you can enjoy it for a long time.

Pay attention to the needs of different species

After each species has special needs, it is good to know already when buying the exact variety denomination. Basically, the banana trees can be divided into three large groups:
  • temperate zone due to hardy: the plant can overwinter with frost protection outdoors
  • tropical zone - not hardy: the plant can be wintered in the cellar at about +10 degrees
  • subtropical zone - by no means hardy: these plants need uniformly warm temperatures throughout the year.

Winter hardy banana tree overwinter

The easiest way to get your banana tree planted in the garden well over the winter is to saw off the trunk just above the ground. Cover everything with leaves and straw or Styrofoam and finally give it a tarpaulin. It is important that the rest of the trunk is protected from frost as much as possible. Everything is removed in the spring and the plant is re-sprouting. The disadvantage of this method, however, is that the perennial will not grow so quickly and will not bear fruit.
Who wants to prevent this, should cut back the trunk waist-high before winter. Then a cylinder is built around the trunk at some distance. This can consist of styrofoam or fine-meshed wire mesh. Now the resulting space is filled with straw or leaves. Mulch fabric is now stretched over this construction. Condensation from the inside should be able to escape to prevent rot and rainwater from the outside should be able to drain as well.

Bring the tropical banana tree well over the winter

Banana Musa basjoo

In order to get the tropical species optimally over the cold time, a hibernation in the cellar is suitable. Once the temperature drops to about 5 degrees, you should bring the banana trees in a winter quarters. Whether one cuts the leaves strongly or leaves them as they are, depends on the available space. The plants should then be kept as dry as possible. The surface of the earth can dry out and during the winter months should only be sporadically cast. A too wet tuber can rot fast. Light can be dispensed with during the time in winter storage.

Hibernation of subtropical nature

The banana tree, which comes from the subtropical climes, would like to reach a temperature of about 18 degrees in winter. However, if it gets too warm for the plant, there is a risk of spider mites nesting on it. It should therefore be constantly monitored. Despite warm hibernation, she needs a rest period during which she should be less cast. It is best to pour only when the soil is released from the edge of the pot.
Tips for hobby gardeners:
  • The strains of banana trees are usually not woody, but very thick and fibrous. For cutting a small saw is suitable.
  • Cut pieces of the banana can be composted well. Before they should be well crushed.
  • Well-preserved banana leaves can be used in the kitchen. They are ideal for grilling to keep meat juicy and give it a special taste. The banana leaves can also be frozen for that.
  • A large banana tree can be hibernated obliquely in case of lack of space. Secure the pot well and support the trunk.
  • After overwintering, some of the leaves may have turned yellow or brown. You can remove them, but this is a purely visual problem.

Following wrong wintering

If a winter-hardy or tropical-type plant is over-wintered, it will not start to move properly in the spring. The growth is slowed down, the natural cycle disrupted. You can help by sparing watering and if possible a shady place. If growth starts in summer, pour more. After a correct hibernation, the plant should have regained its rhythm the following year. If the hibernation of a subtropical banana species is too cool, something similar happens. She stops growing for months.
But if a banana tree winters properly, it starts to grow in the spring immediately, in the summer offshoot and with luck after the 3rd Year even flowers and fruits and ensures safe for a lot of joy.

Consider light and heat requirements

In the room the banana tree loves brightly. He has a very high demand for light, so a window seat is ideal. Since it is always warm in the tropics, it is not absolutely necessary to change the location in winter, you only have to provide enough light.If this is not possible due to the circumstances, special plant radiators have proven their worth. It is important - and not only in winter, that the room does not have too dry a climate.
On the other hand, you can also have the banana tree overwinter in a cool atmosphere. This should be done especially if you want to reap fruits in the following year. Then the winter break for the banana tree is extremely important to recharge your batteries.

Use rainwater, take precautionary measures

If you treat your banana tree to a winter break, then the temperatures are ideally around 15 degrees Celsius. This should be poured only a little. By the way, you should always use rainwater for a banana tree because of the low lime content.
Those who have their banana tree outdoors should also make arrangements for the winter. Banana trees are not hardy, but despite all this they can easily tolerate the winter cold in our latitudes with appropriate protective measures.
So that the root of the banana tree is not damaged, a freezing of the soil should be avoided. This is best achieved by a generous cover with humus or the like. The trunk is well protected by a tube or bamboo sheath. The crown is covered with foil or a jute sack, which must be transparent because of the required brightness. Greatest attention should be paid to the protection of the roots. Frozen leaves are no problem.

Video Board: Covering your Hardy Banana ( Musa basjoo) for the Winter.

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