Witch hazel: varieties and their characteristics at a glance

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The witch hazel is a thriving highlight in wintry gardens. As with many other plants, there are also different types of witch hazel. Which are the, shows our little overview.

Magic nut varieties overview

The witch hazel, also known under its botanical name Hamamelis, captivates in autumn and winter with delicate flowers. A distinction is made between North American and East Asian species and crosses from the two East Asian species.

All have in common that they beautify the cold season with delicate, colorful flowers.

Witch hazel wild species from North America and East Asia
The Virginian Witch Hazel and Spring Witch Hazel are native to North America. Other species include Japanese and Chinese witch hazel.

In the garden, the two plants from East Asia are more popular, because the flowers are larger and the flowering times longer. Flowering begins in December and lasts until the end of March. From the East Asian Witch Hazel shrubs numerous crossings have emerged.

Flowers in the wintry garden: witch hazel from yellow to dark red
In spring and summer, witch hazel is hardly distinguishable from hazelnut. However, the two plants belong to different genera and have no similarities except the similar name and partly the leaf shape. The witch hazel casts off its leaves in autumn. But then, as if by magic, the flowering phase begins in early winter.

Proven witch hazel species for the garden

In keeping with the Christmas season, the variety "Pallida" begins to blossom. It has quite large, sulfur-yellow flowers and is thus easily recognizable from a distance. The flowers smell intense.

Also among the early flowering Hamamelis species is the variety "Primavera". It is rich in flowers and provides medium-sized, golden yellow flowers for a spring-like sight in the garden. The petals are slightly curled.

The variety "Jelena" is a beautiful eye-catcher even outside the flowering season. In autumn, the leaves turn to a magnificent scarlet red. When the witch hazel "Jelena" starts to bloom, especially the long petals, which become brighter towards the top, are impressive. The flowers glow in an intense orange-red.

In February, the flowers of the variety "Diane" open. With an intense shade of red, witch hazel "Diane" completes the flowering of the witch hazel varieties. The foliage turns to a warm orange red in the fall, but can also reach a strong scarlet red.

The right location for the witch hazel

Witch hazel shrubs are very easy to care for. They can grow up to four meters over the years. That may take time. The witch hazel grows only very slowly. A cut is not necessary.

The witch hazel prefers a light, airy soil. On the other hand, the location needs a bit more attention. The plant is hardy, but: A sheltered location on the wall promotes flowering. In mild winters, witch hazel flower earlier, more lush and more enduring than in extremely frosty years with very low temperatures.

No magic: Worth knowing about witch hazel varieties

  • Various crosses of Chinese and Japanese witch hazel
  • Winter bloomers from December to March
  • Looser soil and sheltered location promote the bloom joy
  • Hardly cut necessary, easy to clean

Video Board: Witch Hazel Covered in Bees.

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