The Content Of The Article:
- Why roses need to be cut
- The following equipment is necessary
- The spring cut frees the rose from ricochets
- This is the perfect rose cut
- The summer cut already prepares the roses for the winter
- Climbing roses bloom particularly well on horizontally growing shoots
- Worth knowing soon
If roses were not cut, then the length of the branches would grow disproportionately, their circumference would decrease, and the lower part would edge off.
Why roses need to be cutThe plant would optically gain in size, but the rose would be less vigorous and no longer resistant to weather and pests. In addition, the rose is much more attractive, if dangling no dried branches, flowers, leaves and rose hips.
The following equipment is necessaryGenerally, not much tools are needed for cutting roses. For cutting only a high-quality rose or secateurs is needed. However, this should meet the highest standards to be able to perform smooth cuts without injuring the plant. If the rose is squeezed or torn, pests can invade the injured areas, making the plant less resistant.
When working on thorn plants, the right gloves provide protection against cuts and lacerations, which can cause severe inflammation. This danger should not be underestimated, as such injuries are protracted and difficult to heal.
The spring cut frees the rose from ricochetsRose owners have the greatest work in spring. For then, the plants are in strong budding and must be freed from old shoots and ricochets. These can be cut deeply, with young shoots only the dead tips should be cut off. All other shoots are usually reduced to three to five eyes.
The more radical the pruning takes place in the spring, the stronger the flowering in the following summer. Except for Rambler, climbing roses and unique flowering roses, the procedure is the same. For these roses, however, there is no new shoot but the old shoot comes every year again in the flower. Therefore, care should be taken when cutting these species. These rose species should rather be cut directly after flowering.
This is the perfect rose cutIn spring cutting, the motivation is to eliminate those shoots that produce only a small number of flowers. The rose should be thinned so that it regains its shape and is strengthened. As an ornamental plant you should cultivate roses accordingly and not just let grow. Due to the perfect cut, it blooms magnificently and gets an elegant growth habit.
Generally, no more than three to five strong eyes should be maintained after the cut. The best are eyes that are outwardly suitable. As a result, the rose grows and flowers outward and not inward. This is beneficial as the shape is improved and the flowers receive light and better ventilation. This promotes growth and minimizes the risk of fungal attack.
First of all, the shoots, which grow inwards or cross over, completely turn out. Those shoots that are completely removed should be cut off as directly as possible to prevent regrowth. After that, weak flowers and deadwood are removed. This is anyway little or weak flowers formed. At this step, withered leaves and leftover rosehip can be removed. These do not look nice and attract vectors of disease. In the vigorous outward-standing shoots, the branch is separated about 0.5 cm above the eye with an oblique cut. This is the end of the spring season and the rose can grow towards the summer.
The summer cut already prepares the roses for the winter
The summer cut is intended only to free the plant of withered flowers and to accelerate the growth of new flowers. Not only does the flower bud completely cut off, but it cuts off the stem about 0.5 cm above the next five-leaf leaf with an oblique cut. The oblique cut promotes better drainage of pouring water and rainwater, thus contributing to healthy growth. In addition, the risk of fungal and mold infestation is reduced.
In general, the rule of thumb is: Slightly dilute weak shoots and prune the strong shoots only slightly. The radical treatment of the weak shoots causes the plant to form new and stronger shoots, which will bloom more abundantly. The procedure is perfect if you pay attention when cutting, if you cut off the shoots on a leaf, which is outward. This preserves the shape and the plant grows beautifully evenly outwards.
Uniquely flowering roses do not need to be cut in summer. Old shoots are not so common in these species, and the particularly red-bright rose hips are very handsome in these species. These unique blooming roses include:
- unique blooming roses
- Wild Rose
- once-flowering ramblers
- Wild rose bushes
Climbing roses bloom particularly well on horizontally growing shootsClimbing roses are basically cut the same as other rose species. In the first years after planting, climbing roses produce flowering neutaries especially strongly on horizontally growing shoots. Therefore, you have to trim climbing roses in the early years and get in shape. This is best done by diverting and fixing strong long drives with a little wire in the horizontal. These grow a little slower, but form many strong side shoots, which can be cut as described. With a radical cut, the other shoots get plenty of light and bloom in summer extremely lush.
Worth knowing soon
- Blooming rose petals are supplied with nutrients by the plant. To stop this senseless supply, one should cut the withered stems of roses. Here you should cut not only faded rose petals, the cut should also include underlying leaves. In this way, the plant receives its growth direction.
- Another important cut must be made when the rose is affected by mildew, for example. Here you have to cut back the shoot so far that the powdery mildew is removed to a healthy stalk. The cut must be made so that the affected shoots can not come into contact with other shoots.
- This measure also applies to other diseases that can affect the rose shoots. It is always important to ensure that the pest can not spread despite the cut. Especially in the case of bed roses, care must be taken when cutting that the pest does not spread to the neighboring plant when removed.
- During the year you have to straighten the rose in any case. For example, game drives must be removed. Wild shoots can be recognized by the fact that they grow directly near the ground and do not form flower buds.
- In addition, the rose needs to be thinned regularly to avoid pests and diseases. When cutting, it is important that you cut the stems not just, but slightly beats. The water must be able to drain well, so that the leaves dry faster.
If you want to cut roses, it depends on the cut on which type of rose is. So climbing roses are cut in other ways than shrub or bed roses. In most cases you have to cut roses back in the spring. Here, the cut is usually carried out to 20cm above the ground to allow a new expulsion. A regular cut throughout the year ensures that the rose receives new energy to re-flower.