The Content Of The Article:
Wooden stand construction - wooden frame as load-bearing wallsIn a house in Holzständerbauweise the vertical stand are the main structural elements. As with any skeleton construction, it is not the walls themselves that are the main elements.
Instead, the skeleton or wooden frame determines the statics. Therefore, the wooden stand construction is also called wooden skeleton construction. We all know wood frame construction for a long time, because half-timbered houses are classic wooden frame buildings, in which the resulting wall surfaces (compartments) are filled with bricks or loam.
Three wooden stand construction types
Differences are the ridge column construction, the two-tiered house and the four-storey house. In ridge stud erection, the outer racks extend to the top floor, then the loft extension begins. A ridge stand inside the house (also called ridge column) runs through the house to the roof ridge. This wooden stand construction is known from Central and Upper Germany. In northern Germany, the two-, three- or four-stand construction is known, the name derives from the number of rows of stands, which are arranged side by side as seen from the front.
Timber frame construction is therefore an old construction method, which of course is reinterpreted in many ways today. However, real craftsmanship is still done on the construction site: Timber frame construction means processing individual squared lumber and beams directly on the construction site. When Holzständerbau can not
much prefabricated, the carpenter edited only the wooden beams so that they can be processed on the construction site. This process will
Bonding of the wood called. Then the construction starts from bottom to top: the lower horizontal beams (the thresholds) are fixed, and then the vertical uprights. The crates or cream wood as the upper horizontal form the first wooden frame, which is then divided by other woods in the so-called battles. This is how the wooden frames are created as load-bearing walls. Modern constructions today not only enable multi-storey buildings, but also wide distances between the stands and thus open spaces such as galleries.
The compartments (the free spaces in the walls) are usually filled differently today than before. Most modern sandwich structures are used, which are filled with insulating material between the layers. But also possible is a conventional filling with bricks, which is then provided with an internal insulation and / or external insulation.
For cladding the facade there are countless variants, it can be used in a variety of wood designs, or plaster and clinker, even a slate cladding is possible. A further development of the wooden stand construction is the wooden stand construction in prefabricated construction, here are made with prefabricated parts whole walls.