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Wooden stand wall - construction & insulationIt starts with the construction of a wooden stud wall with the horizontal sleepers on the floor, followed by the vertical timbers, which are arranged and connected according to a certain grid.
The horizontal timber at the wooden stud wall is called as Floor thresholds, in height as bars and in the roof as purlins, The vertical woods become post, Rod, support or stand called. The construction is stabilized by inclined timbers, the bands or heavy EVENTS, These woods have a thickness of 10 x 10 to 18 x 18 centimeters. The clashing wood parts are usually doweled with wooden pins and secured with nails. A slightly offset hole ensures that the pins are pulled into the mortise. When cutting the wooden components, signs of the joinery ensure that they can be assembled quickly and correctly on the construction site.
Wooden stand wall as a frame
The resulting wooden stud wall forms a frame, as in timber frame construction. The interstices, the compartments, were formerly filled with mud-loomed wood (Klaiber), with bricks, clay bricks or quarry stones. Partly bricks were considered, partly plastered. Today it is clad on the inside and outside with wood-based panels. The conclusion to the interior is usually plasterboard.
In contrast to timber frame construction or timber panel construction, in which frame and cladding are the load-bearing elements, the stud frame alone forms part of the wooden stud wall
its diagonal struts the supporting element. These too
Skeleton construction called is closely related to the traditional half-timbered construction. This construction allows very individual constructions of the wall with good insulation. Because the compartments do not necessarily have to be filled solid, it can even be installed glass. This then gives an outer wall, which leaves a lot of light inside.
Compartments with insulation
In the other compartments insulating material ensures optimum insulation. When insulating, ecological insulating materials such as expanded clay, cork or sheep's wool can be used. Cork is available in plates in different thicknesses. Sheep wool is similar to processing as mineral wool. Also possible is cellulose insulation, wood fiber insulation, rock wool, glass wool or wood chip insulation.
A typical wall construction of a wooden stud wall from the inside to the outside: gypsum plaster board, installation plane created by lathing, OSB board (coarse chipboard) tightly glued, mineral wool between the uprights, diffusion-open fiberboard outside. When wall construction, the diffusion of the individual materials must be taken into account, in order to choose the construction physically correct structure, there are programs that can be used to calculate the condensation water loss of various constructions. Of course, a completely different structure would be possible, even traditional brick infill will be realized.
Then the decision regarding the facade, it can become a wooden facade, plaster and clinker are common, beyond that are "exotic" variants such as a facade made of slate.