Wooden terrace - which popular wood species to choose?


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For many, the terrace offers in the warm season, an additional living space, which one likes to use for a cozy get-together. Anyone who considers to provide the floor with a wooden surface, finds in the construction and specialty stores a difficult manageable range of garden timbers and corresponding kits.
When selecting the wooden terrace, not only personal style and taste issues should be in the foreground, but also the robustness and technical features should be emphasized. Only then will you make the right choice and enjoy the wooden terrace for a long time.
Individual use determines the choice
Before deciding on the right wood for the patio, one should think carefully about the conditions that exist. Is the wooden terrace exposed directly to the weather or is it in constant contact with the soil or even water? Then there are durable woods such as...

  • robinia
  • Oak
  • larch
  • Douglas
  • fir
  • pine
… suitable. These are able to withstand heavy wear and tear due to the weather without additional wood preservation measures and remain visually beautiful. Anyone who still wants to use a corresponding protective measure to prevent this, can treat the wood before laying by pressure impregnation. Also so-called constructive wood protection is recommended, that is, the components for the wooden deck should be installed so that water is quickly derived from the surface and the surface is constantly ventilated.
Tropical wood is still popular
Bamboo for the wooden terrace is still the classic par excellence and very popular in Germany. It convinces not only by its ability to grow fast, but also by the visually very beautiful color and its extreme stability. The fine grain of the wood always conveys some exotic flair that makes a wooden terrace special. Bangkirai has now established itself as a popular terrace wood. It not only keeps moisture and wet well, but also convinces by its resistance to fungi and insects. The natural-brown tone, which over time develops on the wooden terrace a slightly silver patina, is also very easy to care for.
Soiling can be easily removed with green soap, so you can enjoy the terrace with bangkirai wood for up to 30 years. Another very popular tropical wood for the terrace is Cumaru, which impresses above all by its enormous longevity of up to 30 years. The look ranges from a yellow to a rich reddish brown, which gives a very noble atmosphere.
When choosing wood, pay attention to the FSC seal
With all the positive arguments and beautiful look, tropical wood still polarises. If you want to play it safe, you should pay attention to the FSC seal. This term is from the Forest Stewardship Council awarded and ensures sustainable cultivation of tropical timber. The non-profit organization, based in Bonn, awards this seal that it liberates tropical timber to a large extent from its bad reputation that primeval forests need to be cleared. Apart from that one should pay attention also with native woods on this seal of quality. Because many species of wood, which are native to this country, grow in other regions, which are not so careful with the environment. Anyone who chooses spruce for his wooden terrace can not be sure without the FSC seal whether the wood comes from Germany or from Russian primeval forests.
Alternative types of wood for terraces
If you prefer local wood for your decking, you can choose larch, for example. This tree is one of the hardest and heaviest needles natural timbers in Europe and has proven itself in the furniture industry as well as in the use as a building material quite well. Above all, the weather resistance and excellent stability ensure that larch is a perfect choice for decking. The beautiful look, which has a noble character, ensures that you usually feel more than 15 years on his terrace.
Somewhat exotic, but not from the top, is Douglas fir. This sturdy wood comes mostly from western North America or the East Asian region, but adapts well to the European climate. Even frequent or intensive contact with water does not increase this wood.
Preparatory planning for terrace construction
Anyone who plays with the idea of ​​building a terrace made of wood, not only has to deal with the right choice of wood, but also make a comprehensive plan. Very helpful is to make an exact drawing of the terrace, which has the exact dimensions and a top view. Anyone who also takes into account the distances between the individual boards and makes the substructure can calculate pretty precisely how much wood he has to buy. The laying work itself is hardly a problem for hobby craftsmen, but should be paid in advance,...
  • ... that the floor is completely flat. This can be corrected either by filling or sealing, a concrete bed is usually not necessary.
  • If you want to avoid weeds between the planks, you can apply a root fleece as a base.
  • In order to let the moisture run perfectly, it is recommended that you lay a foundation of disused stone slabs.
  • On this the support beams are then laid. There are corresponding bars with groove in the trade ready to buy.
  • When laying it is important that a gap with a minimum distance of ten millimeters between the wooden boards is left free.
  • The laying and screwing of the wooden terrace is usually done by attaching countersunk screws, whereby it must be ensured that the screw head actually sinks completely into the board.
  • To make sure that martens, mice or other animals do not nest in the cavity of the terrace, it makes sense to feed here fine-meshed karnickeldraht.
Worth knowing about the choice of terrace wood shortly
Choosing the right wood and professional laying ensures that the wooden terrace is often used and convinces as a visual highlight. Wooden terraces always look very natural and usually blend harmoniously into the overall picture of the house and garden. In addition, you can walk barefoot on a wooden terrace, because this material is not as hot as it is the case for example on a terrace made of stone.
  • However, one must know that wood is not quite as durable and weather-resistant as a terrace with a stone covering. But if you choose the right wood from the beginning, then you also have a lot of fun over many years.
  • Not every type of wood is equally suitable for flooring on a terrace. Soft woods, which in the worst case are still untreated, have proved to be less than ideal.
  • A good example here is the spruce, which is relatively inexpensive, but also weathered very quickly. However, these woods can be preserved by pressure impregnation or heat treatment.
  • Hardwoods such as bangkirai, Douglas fir, teak, eucalyptus and cedar are very weather resistant. Therefore, these are also the favorite woods when it comes to the flooring of a terrace.
When buying these woods, however, you should make sure that they come from a controlled cultivation. Unfortunately, these tropical woods are very slippery, so you should always make sure that they carry a special certificate, from which the controlled cultivation emerges.
If you do not want to bet on tropical woods, you can alternatively use local woods such as larch and pine. Ultimately, however, it is a matter of personal taste and budget. High-quality woods, which are considered to be very durable, also have their price. However, one should always keep in mind that you can enjoy it here for ten, twenty years.
  • To make its wooden terrace even more durable, you should treat it with a care oil for one to two years.
  • This can be bought anywhere, where you get the corresponding planks for the terrace.
  • The oil is simply painted on and protects the wood from weathering.
  • In addition, you can usually give the wood a much warmer hue.

Video Board: Is it better to stain or paint my wood deck?.

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