Build worm compost yourself - make worm humus


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Earthworms are industrious humus producers

Do not throw your organic waste into household waste. Give diligent compost worms this task, which in close coexistence with microorganisms, turn kitchen waste into a rich fertilizer for balcony and house plants. A private garden is not required, because a worm compost finds space on every balcony, without annoying odors. Notable investments are not required, because a worm compost can be built by anyone, as the following construction manual documents. How to make worm humus that drives your plants to peak performance is explored here.
How a worm fern works
In a worm compost there is a perfectly coordinated community of compost worms, bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms, all of which pull together. If the tiny inhabitants find themselves in a worm box in optimal conditions, they are constantly striving to modify organic waste in valuable humus. The process runs in several levels:
  • in the first level are all organic (uncooked) kitchen and plant waste
  • the second level provides the compost worms with sufficient habitat to multiply
  • mature worm compost accumulates in the third level
  • the fourth level serves as a reservoir for the worm tea, a rich liquid fertilizer
Although in a worm compost similar conditions prevail as in the compost heap of the garden, the organic material is much more densely populated with individuals. The result is a faster flow of rotten, without causing unpleasant odor. In addition, a conversion to ventilation is not necessary.
Build worm composter yourself
You can buy finished level composters in stores or you can construct a worm fern according to your individual ideas. The following instructions serve as a starting point:

material requirements

  • With a worm composter you can produce humus yourself

    4 stackable wooden or plastic boxes with a volume of approx. 14 liters
  • 1 tightly closing lid
  • 1 drain valve for extracting worm tea
  • 2 old flower pots as spacers
  • 1 drill
  • 1 hand cutter
The first step is to cut a hole on the short side of a box. Here you assemble the drain valve including the associated gasket. In each of the other 3 boxes 12 holes are drilled, so that the moisture can drain. The level with the drain valve receives no holes. Place the two spacers in here so that the worm tea accumulated here does not flood the next level. Before you stack all 4 levels into each other, the level composter is loaded. Tip: Only transparent materials are suitable for the housing because compost worms shy away from light.
Prepare and fill level composter
The compost worms should quickly feel at home, so that the fully assembled level composter transforms into a worm fern. How to Prepare the Worm Compost for the Entry of Worms:
  • lay out one of the three perforated boxes with 5 layers of newsprint
  • moisten the paper with water from the spray bottle
  • Fill in crumpled newspaper as well as crushed egg carton and moisten
  • spread over it a layer of damp newspaper
Now the compost worms can move in. For a level composter in the described size suffice about 500 copies, which are to be acquired in the specialized trade. The worms are delivered in a special substrate. Together with the earth, spread out the new residents on the damp newspaper and add the first 100 grams of kitchen waste. The cover is a moistened jute bag without handle. The two remaining boxes are now stacked over it, the top level is closed with the lid. The location offers a place near your kitchen, where temperatures range between 15 and 25┬░ C. Tip: In principle, conventional earthworms are suitable for worm compost. Much more efficient work, however, special compost worms (Eisenia foetida), which process half of their body weight each day into valuable worm humus.

Be sure to create good conditions for earthworms

Instructions for making worm humus

If the pioneer people in the composter consist of 500 worms, they weigh about 200 grams. As a result, they can process about 100 grams of kitchen waste daily. In the following period, the compost worms grow and multiply, so that the humus production expands. The following ingredients are on the menu of busy workers:
  • all fruit peels, vegetable and garden waste
  • Filter bags with coffee grounds, tea bags without metal clips
  • dried bread residues, moist, ground cereals, oatmeal, rice
  • Crap from small animal houses, like rabbits, hamsters or mice
The finer the material is shredded, the more effective the composting progresses. Fill the worm compost weekly from the side.In this way, the worms have the opportunity to switch to the opposite side, if the rump should warm up too much. Temperatures of more than 30┬░ C are deadly to her. Avoid adding cooked leftovers, meat or dairy products. Glass, plastic and metal have nothing to do with worm compost. Tip: If the first newspaper layers are eaten, feed moist paper regularly. This stabilizes the balance between nitrogen and carbon in the worm's humus.
Balanced moisture balance
Worms are not pulmonary. Oxygen takes compost worms through the skin. As a result, they prefer a slightly moist environment. Therefore, spray the organic material a little with water each time you load it. Thanks to the collection box, excess water will drain there.
Harvest and use of worm humus
On average, mature worm compost can be harvested 2 to 3 times a year. This is located in the floor box above the collection level. Since the diligent workers are in the upper two levels, no worm gets damaged or even removed when it is removed. After you have harvested the humus, the box is cleaned and now takes over the function as the top floor. How to use the self-made vermicompost:
  • as optimal soil conditioner in the bed and planter use
  • replaces any commercially available plant fertilizer
  • always work easily into the upper soil layer
  • Peat or sand to 25 percent enriched with worm humus and use as a potting soil
In addition to the worm humus, the worm fern provides a rich liquid fertilizer, aptly called worm tea. This is the collected liquid in the lower level where the drain valve is located. Check the fluid level once a month. To worm tea

Wurmhumus is an organic fertilizer - ideal for the organic garden

to use for nutrient supply to plants, it should be diluted with water in the ratio 1:10.
Conclusion of the editorship
A worm compost provides the excellent opportunity to compost organic waste without its own garden. Hard-working compost worms bustle here, turning half of their body weight into valuable humus every day. Since no annoying odors arise here, there is room for a worm fern on every balcony. Without extensive investment, anyone can build a worm compost itself, make its own worm humus and save money.
Wurmkompost in brief
  • Not every fertilizer has a positive effect, which is why ecological fertilization is becoming more and more fashionable.
  • When it comes to ecological fertilization, it is not only the plants that get good, nature also has its uses.
  • But above all, there is no over-fertilization, which is usually associated with the displacement of other plant and animal species.
  • Wurmhumus is the best means of organic fertilization. Under Wurmhumus one understands the excretions of the earthworms.
  • And that's quite a lot: about as much as your own weight and that every day.
  • Worm humus is rich in nutrients, enzymes and microorganisms. A miracle product of nature, so to speak.
Some gardeners have probably already noticed: If many earthworms are in the ground, the soil gets a better climate and plant growth is promoted. Not only the worms themselves, which loosen up the soil, but also the excretions of the earthworms, that is the worm humus. This also makes the soil looser, so that the water can be stored better, the soil is also fertile and better mixed. Because the Wurmhumus is such a miracle fertilizer, it is called in professional circles also the black gold. Wormhumus is absolutely free from any artificial admixtures - it is pure nature. Unfortunately, as a pure natural product, it is not available in unlimited quantities. But it is also possible to make worm humus yourself:
  • It creates ideal conditions for earthworms in the garden or holds suitable worm species in special worm boxes.
  • However, you do not have to be afraid of odor nuisance caused by worm humus. This one is completely odorless.
  • The most valuable worm humus is achieved through the use of compost worms in conjunction with pure, well-seasoned horse manure.
  • This process also produces the commercially available worm humus.
  • When fertilizing with worm humus one should keep an eye on the needs of the plants despite the good compatibility.

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