The Content Of The Article:
Do not throw your organic waste into household waste. Give diligent compost worms this task, which in close coexistence with microorganisms, turn kitchen waste into a rich fertilizer for balcony and house plants. A private garden is not required, because a worm compost finds space on every balcony, without annoying odors. Notable investments are not required, because a worm compost can be built by anyone, as the following construction manual documents. How to make worm humus that drives your plants to peak performance is explored here.
How a worm fern works
In a worm compost there is a perfectly coordinated community of compost worms, bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms, all of which pull together. If the tiny inhabitants find themselves in a worm box in optimal conditions, they are constantly striving to modify organic waste in valuable humus. The process runs in several levels:
- in the first level are all organic (uncooked) kitchen and plant waste
- the second level provides the compost worms with sufficient habitat to multiply
- mature worm compost accumulates in the third level
- the fourth level serves as a reservoir for the worm tea, a rich liquid fertilizer
Build worm composter yourself
You can buy finished level composters in stores or you can construct a worm fern according to your individual ideas. The following instructions serve as a starting point:
4 stackable wooden or plastic boxes with a volume of approx. 14 liters
- 1 tightly closing lid
- 1 drain valve for extracting worm tea
- 2 old flower pots as spacers
- 1 drill
- 1 hand cutter
Prepare and fill level composter
The compost worms should quickly feel at home, so that the fully assembled level composter transforms into a worm fern. How to Prepare the Worm Compost for the Entry of Worms:
- lay out one of the three perforated boxes with 5 layers of newsprint
- moisten the paper with water from the spray bottle
- Fill in crumpled newspaper as well as crushed egg carton and moisten
- spread over it a layer of damp newspaper
Instructions for making worm humus
If the pioneer people in the composter consist of 500 worms, they weigh about 200 grams. As a result, they can process about 100 grams of kitchen waste daily. In the following period, the compost worms grow and multiply, so that the humus production expands. The following ingredients are on the menu of busy workers:
- all fruit peels, vegetable and garden waste
- Filter bags with coffee grounds, tea bags without metal clips
- dried bread residues, moist, ground cereals, oatmeal, rice
- Crap from small animal houses, like rabbits, hamsters or mice
Balanced moisture balance
Worms are not pulmonary. Oxygen takes compost worms through the skin. As a result, they prefer a slightly moist environment. Therefore, spray the organic material a little with water each time you load it. Thanks to the collection box, excess water will drain there.
Harvest and use of worm humus
On average, mature worm compost can be harvested 2 to 3 times a year. This is located in the floor box above the collection level. Since the diligent workers are in the upper two levels, no worm gets damaged or even removed when it is removed. After you have harvested the humus, the box is cleaned and now takes over the function as the top floor. How to use the self-made vermicompost:
- as optimal soil conditioner in the bed and planter use
- replaces any commercially available plant fertilizer
- always work easily into the upper soil layer
- Peat or sand to 25 percent enriched with worm humus and use as a potting soil
to use for nutrient supply to plants, it should be diluted with water in the ratio 1:10.
Conclusion of the editorship
A worm compost provides the excellent opportunity to compost organic waste without its own garden. Hard-working compost worms bustle here, turning half of their body weight into valuable humus every day. Since no annoying odors arise here, there is room for a worm fern on every balcony. Without extensive investment, anyone can build a worm compost itself, make its own worm humus and save money.
Wurmkompost in brief
- Not every fertilizer has a positive effect, which is why ecological fertilization is becoming more and more fashionable.
- When it comes to ecological fertilization, it is not only the plants that get good, nature also has its uses.
- But above all, there is no over-fertilization, which is usually associated with the displacement of other plant and animal species.
- Wurmhumus is the best means of organic fertilization. Under Wurmhumus one understands the excretions of the earthworms.
- And that's quite a lot: about as much as your own weight and that every day.
- Worm humus is rich in nutrients, enzymes and microorganisms. A miracle product of nature, so to speak.
- It creates ideal conditions for earthworms in the garden or holds suitable worm species in special worm boxes.
- However, you do not have to be afraid of odor nuisance caused by worm humus. This one is completely odorless.
- The most valuable worm humus is achieved through the use of compost worms in conjunction with pure, well-seasoned horse manure.
- This process also produces the commercially available worm humus.
- When fertilizing with worm humus one should keep an eye on the needs of the plants despite the good compatibility.