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If your yucca elephant (Yucca elephantipes) is too dark, it forms over the years very long shoots, which are only leafy at the tips. In locations with good lighting, such as in a conservatory, the leaves of the yucca are much more abundant and make the whole plant look more vital. If a more favorable location is available, you should take the opportunity and cut off the long shoots to a short stump to rebuild your yucca tree from below. However, the cut shoots are too good for the compost. From them you can attract new yuccas with little effort.
Cut the stem of the yucca into pieces of 20 to 30 centimeters with a sharp knife or a saw and remember well where it is above and below. If you can not reliably identify this by the surface texture, you should simply mark the top end with a string or an arrow. You can draw the arrow on the bark with a thick felt-tip pen.
The stem root with the root ball you put after cutting off the long shoots best in fresh soil and pass the cuts then with tree wax. It prevents the fibrous, moist tissue from drying out too much. On a warm and bright, not too sunny spot on the windowsill, the yucca quickly sprouts and forms a new green leafy head.
Multiply Yucca by shoot cuttings
After cutting off the shoot, use a fine saw or a very sharp knife to cut off a piece at the bottom (left), then plant it in a pot with humus-rich potting soil (right).
The unrooted roots or shoots of the yucca are also topped with tree wax and placed with about a third to a quarter of their length in small pots with a mixture of sand and humus rich potting soil. Then pour the stem cuttings well and cover them, including pot with translucent plastic bags or plastic bottles. You also need a warm and bright, not too sunny place on the windowsill and must be kept evenly moist. As a rule, the Yucca cuttings then show new, tender sprouts after only three to four weeks. From this stage, you can remove the foil and fertilize the plants a bit.
A water bottle made of transparent plastic serves as a mini-greenhouse (left) until the first new shoots show up (right)
Once the leaves are well formed, the new yuccas are then transferred to larger pots of normal potting soil. Incidentally, the propagation method described also works for the tree of the tree (Pandanus) and the dragon tree (Dracaena). By the way: The often used drawing Yuccapalme is due to the fact that the stem of the plant resembles that of the real palm trees. However, the Yucca is a so-called Palmlilie, which belongs to the family of asparagus plants. It is not related botanically to the right palms.