Yucca Palm, Palmlilie - Care Instructions & Propagation


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Yucca palm

A palmlilie bathes the apartment and garden in an exotic ambience, without requiring elaborate care. Many a hobby gardener started his career with a yucca in the living room. In summer, white to cream-colored flowers on long upright panicles form on the palm leaf in the garden. However, houseplant owners wait in vain for this spectacular flower. The Yucca usually forms flowers only as an outdoor plant, so it is hardly to be expected in the flat. Nevertheless, the houseplant has an irresistible ornamental value.

Short profile

  • botanical name: Yucca
  • other names: Garden Yucca, Yucca, Yucca Palm
  • belongs to the agave family within the asparagus family
  • Flower and leaf ornamental plant, evergreen
  • Growth height: up to 5 meters
  • Species with and without stem
  • Crown of hard-leaved, pointed leaves
Occurrence
The palm-tree, botanically Yucca, does not belong to the palms, but to the Agavegewächsen within the family of the asparagus plants. Many species develop with age and plant height about five to ten centimeters thick trunk that looks slightly woody to the outside. At the shoot tip is a crown of radially arranged, elongated leaves that end in a non-dangerous, hard tip. The trunk of the yucca branches only rarely and can be up to five meters high with good care. Her home is in the dry areas of Mexico and the western United States.

Location

Palmlilie trunk

The yucca palm will find perfect growing conditions in a sheltered, full sun and warm location in the garden. The soil should be nutrient-rich and well-drained for water, because waterlogging does not like the palmlilie. Sandy or loamy soils, also like calcareous, are optimal. But any well water-permeable garden soil is tolerated by the evergreen plant.
  • Light requirement: sunny to light partial shade
  • Soil: rocky to loamy
  • good drainage
  • pH value: alkaline, neutral to slightly acidic
  • medium nutrient content
  • Temperature (not hardy varieties): 10 to 27 degrees
tip: The Palmlilie fits perfectly with its location conditions in prairie and rock gardens. For example, beaded plants (Anaphalis triplinervis), lavender or fat horseradish (Sedum) are suitable as neighboring plants.

Plants (field)

Because of their large distribution area, the Palmlilien have partly adapted to very different environmental conditions. While some grow in mountainous areas to altitudes of almost 3000 meters, others are at home in mild coastal regions. Frost-resistant species of palm leaves can be planted directly in the garden soil or cultivated in a flower box. Make sure you have a good drainage in the soil when planting. The pouring or rainwater must always be able to drain well. For this reason, it is advisable to apply a drainage layer of pottery shards, gravel or chippings at a suitable depth for heavy soils and to additionally enrich the soil with sand. Especially in winter, a wet root ball is often responsible for the fact that the palmlilie no longer experiences springtime.
  • Time: spring or autumn
  • Planting hole: at least triple root ball
  • apply drainage in heavy soils
  • in about 40 to 50 cm depth
  • Fill in 10 cm of gravel, clay granules or grit
  • Make soil more permeable to sand
tip: For autumn plantations winter protection is advisable in the first year.

to water

Although the Yucca is one of the plants that require little water, the root ball should not dry out completely. Once the plant is dry for a long time, the lower leaves on the trunk turn yellow and eventually dry up. Palms love calcareous soils, so that calcareous irrigation water is no problem at all in this case. Sensitive the Palmlilie reacts to waterlogging. If the plant begins to rot due to excessive moisture in the root area, it is usually beyond saving. For watering the yucca palm, the method of diving in summer is ideal, if it is kept as a houseplant. The pot is placed in a container with water and only then removed when no more bubbles rise. After that, excess water should drain well. The next watering is only necessary when the bale is already relatively dry again.

Fertilize

On very sandy soils, the garden yucca is happy in the spring with an organic fertilizer with compost or long-term fertilizers such as horn shavings or horn meal. On nutrient-rich soils, additional fertilization is not necessary. Rooms and potted plants can be fertilized with liquid fertilizer once a week during the growing season. With good nutrition, the palmlilie grows quickly. If the yucca palm grows bigger, the fertilization should be reduced for practical reasons.

To cut

Palmlilie leaves

A healthy yucca palm does not have to be cut. Only wilted leaves and inflorescences should be removed regularly.Once the yucca becomes too big, that's no problem. You can simply cut off or saw off the trunk at any height. It works best in the spring. Since the interface is usually quite large, pathogens can invade the wound. Therefore, it should be painted with a commercially available wound closure (tree wax). After a few weeks, the trunk then drives out just below the interface again. Incidentally, you can use the cut upper piece immediately for the multiplication of the yucca.

repotting

The Palmlilie requires less a broad rather than a deep pot, as their roots spread predominantly downwards. For a sufficient stability preferably a heavy clay pot should be used. If the previous vessel is no longer sufficient, the yucca is repotted after hibernation.
  • Time: spring
  • Substrate: container potting soil
  • Potting soil with lava granules and sand
  • Do not forget the drainage layer

multiply

Propagation of the palm leaf is unproblematic, because there are different methods that even beginners can perform.
1st root cut
If the Yucca palm in the room is too big, the trunk can simply be cut off at any point. The upper piece with the leaf head is used in this case for propagation of the plant, because it rooted in substrate relatively easily and quickly.
  • Time: spring
  • Seal cut surfaces
  • Insert about 10 cm deep in substrate
  • Substrate: low in nutrients (for example, cocohum, potting soil or cactus soil)
  • do not keep too moist!

yucca palm

If the cut segment is very long, several new plants can be pulled out of the section. The trunk pieces should not fall below a length of about 20 to 30 cm. It is important to replant the stem segments in the correct direction and not to insert the upper edge into the substrate. You may just mark the stem before cutting at the top of the cut edge.
2nd division
Yucca species that do not form a stem can also be vegetatively propagated. Mostly on the plant offshoots have already formed that are well rooted. For this, the older plant is dug up and the roots are carefully pulled apart. Each individual plant can then be planted in the bed again with some fresh substrate.
3rd offshoot
Older specimens of the yucca provide propagation material without the gardener doing any work. These are offshoots, so-called Kindel, which form at the root base. These children already have the appearance of a miniature palm tree. For these daughter plants to form their own root system, proceed as follows:
  • There must be at least five leaves at the offshoot
  • Cut off Kindel with a knife
  • plant in substrate
  • Planting depth: depends on the size of the offshoot
  • just so deep that the young plant does not fall over
  • Substrate: potting soil, potting soil with sand, Pikierde
  • set up in partially shaded place
  • Keep the substrate only slightly moist
Tip: In the field, the offshoots should be planted only from temperatures above 18 degrees. Plants grown over the summer can be placed in the bed immediately after rooting. Late yucca offshoots still spend the winter in the house.

Hibernate outdoors

Palmlilie ill

Anyone who plants the palm leaf in autumn should immediately be provided with winter protection from brushwood, leaves or straw. The problem in winter is less the cold - the garden yucca (yucca filamentosa) tolerates frosts - but rather the watering of the soil. Frozen palm trees, which are in the tub on the terrace or balcony, must also be protected against winter wet. Therefore, excess water must be able to drain well. It is best to remove the coaster. It is ideal if the bucket is not directly on the ground. A styrofoam plate or special feet, which are available in the garden center, offer a good solution. In general, garden yucca plants such as the yucca filamentosa are hardy to about -20 degrees.

Hibernate in the house

Container plants that are in the house all year round or partially require less water in winter. Instead of diving, should be poured in this time from time to time a small amount. The Yucca elephantipes offered as a houseplant is usually not frost hardy and must therefore be wintered in a warm place. In addition, it can easily stand in heated rooms, because the low humidity makes the plant is not much. It is important that the palmlilie is bright even in winter. A cool (but frost-free) wintering is also possible. The temperatures should not fall below 10 degrees.

Diseases and pests

Palmlilie ill leaves

Yucca palm trees are rarely affected by diseases and pests. Only indoor plants occasionally have problems with lice. More damage is caused by wet root balls, especially in outdoor plants in winter.
Popular species
There are different types of palm trees, some of which are suitable for outdoor cultivation. Others tolerate no frosts and must therefore be brought into the house at least in winter.
Hardy palm tree species
  • Yucca filamentosa (stemless palmlilie, filamentous palmlilie): even in the bucket to -15 degrees frost hardy, stemless variant
  • Yucca gloriosa (Candle Palm): hardy to -20 degrees, branched trunk
  • Yucca rostrata (blue palm): hardy to -21 degrees, stem-forming, bluish leaves
  • Yucca nana (dwarf palm) small-growing species without trunk, frost hardy to -20 degrees
  • Yucca rigida (blue palm): silvery-blue leaves, frost-hardy to -12 degrees
  • Yucca torreyi (Torrey Palmlilie): very large species with up to 5 meters in height, very good frost resistance
Non-hardy palm trees (houseplants)
  • Yucca elephantipes (tree-like palm, giant palm): in summer on balcony or terrace, from October on a bright place in the house
  • Yucca aloifolia: up to 100 cm trunk height, dark green sword blades, sometimes red margined, not hardy
Conclusion
The yucca palm is a very easy-care plant that survives even dry periods well. When buying a palmlilie should be based on the later location, because there are both frost-resistant species that can be cultivated in the field, as well as cold-sensitive Palmlilienarten, which must be kept as pure houseplants.

Video Board: Yucca filamentosa - grow & care.

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