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The palm-like appearance of the yucca is deceptive, because the plant belongs to the species-rich family of the agave family. Many representatives of the genus of plants are as common in domestic living rooms and gardens as in public parks. Palm trees are extremely popular with hobby gardeners because they have a Mediterranean flair. Due to the immense growth height, it is often necessary that the plant parts of the yucca palm must be shortened. With this measure, there is little to consider, because the Agavegewächse are extremely robust and resistant.
Yucca or Palme Lily called, is a species-rich genus of the family of Agavaceae. Around 30 different varieties of stemless and stem-forming yucca palms are known worldwide. The numerous species differ immensely in their outward appearance. In addition to the classic, palm-like exterior, specimens are also reminiscent of a cactus. The robust plants are also suitable for beginners and are considered almost indestructible. Especially the tree-like growing agave plants are very regenerative and easily put away so many care mistakes. In summer you can conjure up a tropical flair with the palm-like plants in the garden or on the sunny terrace.
Keeping the plants healthy and growing is anything but difficult. Provided you allow the potted plants a bright location and a regular supply of water and nutrients during the main growing season. How to hibernate your yucca palm and when it's time to move from field to winter quarters depends on the species of palm tree. Some yucca representatives can even be cultivated in the garden all year round.
A top-heavy trunk or a careless collision with the Palmlilie is usually sufficient to break off the fine side shoots. Torn off plant parts, however, can easily save you. First, look at the wound edges of the mother plant and the broken shoot. Frayed areas should be smoothed with a sharp knife and sealed with wax on the large plant. Remove all dead or withered leaves from the shoot and allow the plant to dry for 24 hours. The further steps are similar to the cultivation of cuttings: Use a tall vessel with a lean substrate, in which you put the broken plant piece. The soil must be kept evenly moist. There must be no waterlogging. Make a drain on the bottom of the bucket or pay attention to the correct pouring quantity. If and when the rooting was successful, you recognize the formation of new leaves.
To prevent further damage to the mother plant, this should be implemented in a larger bucket. Large palm trees often shift their center of gravity through the lush foliage and stem height. If you do not want to cut off the plant, you can also complain the interior of the vessel with some larger stones.
Cut Yucca palm trees properly
A stature height of 3 meters and more is not uncommon with Yucca. Of course, only if you optimally fulfill the care and site conditions of the plant. However, at the latest when the plant collides with the ceiling, you should take countermeasures. Some hobby gardeners come to mediate overgrown palm trees on the local classifieds in a new home. But you do not have to part with your housekeeping and caring for years. Because Yucca palm trees can be easily shortened. Too large Yucca palm trees can be cut back to any height. Even a bare trunk drives out within a few weeks in a half-shady location again. In order not to unnecessarily weaken the plant, you should take this action in the spring. Prepare the following material:
- Pruning Saw
- felt-tip pen
- lean substrate
Already a trunk of about 10 cm in length is enough to pull a new plant out of it. With the felt-tip pen you should mark the top and bottom directly after the cut. It is important to make sure to insert the plant piece with the right side into the planter. Because the roots are formed only on the lower trunk piece. Unrooted, the yucca section is unable to absorb nutrients.If you rely on a humus-rich substrate, there is also the risk that the freshly-driven roots suffer "burns" due to the excess supply of minerals. As with all cuttings and seeds, you should therefore resort to lean soil. Place the trunks on the substrate and keep the soil moderately moist. To accelerate the rooting, you can also temporarily increase the humidity. Pour and wrap the planter with a transparent, perforated foil. This is removed daily for several hours to promote air circulation and prevent potential mold growth. As soon as new shoots show up, you can turn the young Yucca palm into humus rich soil and slowly get it used to a sunny spot. Tip: Yucca palms float through "sleeping eyes" on the side of the trunk. To prevent infections, you should spread larger cut surfaces with a tree or candle wax.
Incidentally, it is a misconception that regular shortening of the roots permanently inhibits the growth of the plant itself. Although you can regulate the height growth for a certain time by this measure, however, the Yucca grows for it often in the width. The diameter of the trunk increases.
A yucca palm does not necessarily have to be cut for space reasons. If you want to win just one offshoot, the tribe does not necessarily have to believe it. Instead of a radical cut, it is sufficient to separate the crown. Alternatively, you can also use an existing runner - often called Kindel. To disconnect you should use a sharp kitchen knife. Disinfect before and after work to avoid potential pathogens and pests.
- Cut off the side or head drive close to the trunk.
- Coat the wound on the mother plant with candle or tree wax.
- Free the lower cut edge of the cuttings from leaves.
- The rooting site should be bright but not full sun.
- The ambient temperature should not be lower than 15° C.
- Use a lean substrate.
- Keep the soil moderately moist.
Conclusion of the editorship
Yucca palm trees are among the most popular indoor plants due to their exotic appearance, robustness and unpretentiousness. Some species cope even with two-digit minus temperatures easily. It is not science to cut or multiply Yucca palm trees. Even with hobby gardeners who do not have a green thumb, this is effortless. The only thing you need is a sharp knife or a saw and a little patience for rooting.
Worth knowing about the Yucca cut shortlyTips for cutting
- A pruning should be done at the Yucca palm ideally in the spring.
- Then the plant has the best chance of surviving the strenuous procedure without major damage.
- If it is then placed temporarily on the terrace or balcony, growth may improve after pruning.
- The resulting shortening interfaces should be supplied with a wound closure preparation.
- Also, the preparation prevents drying out at the interfaces or even a stunted plant.
- In addition, it protects the yucca palm from fungal attack, which can develop quite quickly at the interfaces.
- Yucca should be watered regularly but very slowly during the winter months.
- In the warm season, it is sufficient to put the root ball in limestone water as possible.
- If no air bubbles rise, the excess water can drain off in peace.
- Then the yucca palm can be moved back into its pot.
- Also, the plant should be fertilized from time to time with a calcareous substrate to maintain a long life.