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A Zamiokulkas forms in the soil horizontally running, bulbous foothills (rhizomes). From each of these small tubers grows only a single, feathered leaf with five to eight pairs of pines. These have a down thickened, juicy stems and rich green, shiny leaves.
There are already a number of care mistakes necessary to strain the outspoken will to survive this plant. Therefore, it is also good for people who are not equipped with a green thumb.
- botanical name: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
- other names: Zamie, cardboard paper palm or lucky spring
- belongs to the family of the arum family
- Growth height: 40-90 cm, sometimes over one meter
- Foliage plant, indoor plant
- Leaves: pinnate, thick, fleshy stems with solitary leaves
- Blossom: inconspicuous bulb with light green bract
- not frost hardy
Zamioculcas zamiifolia is very frugal in its choice of location. It also gets by with little light and grows even in a bit more shady areas in the room. Rather, the lucky spring is in a bright room without direct sunlight. The brighter the location, the faster the plant will grow and the lighter its leaves will be. If it is relatively dark, it grows slower, but the leaves form a strong, rich green.
- Light requirement: sunny to partially shaded (no midday sun)
- Temperature: between 18 and 25° C
- Soil: well drained, humus rich substrate
- In the summer also like in a partially shady place outdoors
When it comes to the substrate, the lucky spring is not picky. It can be used a good universal potting soil or palm soil. Favorable is also a mixture of
- garden soil
- fine crumbly, mature compost
- coarse sand
Zamiokulkas has succulent properties because it is able to store water in all parts of the plant so as to survive longer droughts. Nevertheless, it has the lucky spring, if their substrate is always kept slightly damp. If it comes to a weeks-long drought period, the leaf is initially deprived of the juice so far that it comes to the death of individual Fiederpaare. In the further course, then about 10-15 cm above the tuber forms a predetermined breaking point at which the leaf breaks off to protect the stump from dying. The plant is considered to be extremely robust, even people without green thumb, who like to forget the casting, have long enjoyed the beautiful, lush green leaves of the plant. Waterlogging does not tolerate waterlogging. Tip: It is better to keep the Zamioculcas a bit too dry than too wet.
Zamioculcas zamiifolia is the only member of the genus Zamioculcas within the arum family and is native to East Africa, where it occurs for example in the forests of Kenya and South Africa. A lucky spring has a relatively low nutrient requirement. Therefore, a fertilizer application is necessary only at long intervals. From April, it is therefore possible to fertilize the irrigation water approximately every 5-8 weeks with a universal fluid fertilizer for green plants. Alternatively, fertilizer sticks can be used. The last fertilizer application takes place in August or early September.
Multiply by division
Larger plants can easily be divided in the spring when repotting. For this, the Zamioculcas zamiifolia is carefully pulled out of the pot. It is important to take the shoots as far as possible when pulling out, as the juicy leaves like to break off.
- Shake substrate gently
- at least three feather leaves together
- Pull rhizomes apart
- Caps with sharp knife
- in relatively small pots with fresh substrate
- Depth as before
- Press on earth and pour lightly
Unlike most cuttings grown from fresh shoots of a plant, it is possible for Zamioculcas zamiifolia to grow a complete plant from just a single leaflet of a leaflet. The multiplication by the so-called leaf cuttings is however a very time-consuming thing, which can take gladly already some months. But it is very simple and in most cases very successful. In principle, the leaf cuttings can simply be placed in a vessel with moist soil or even a darkened glass with water. However, as the soil tends to mold, we recommend the following method:
- Time: spring
- Cut several lower pinnate leaves close to the base
- household sponge cut into small cubes
- Size: about 3 x 3 cm
- with a sharp knife, score a notch above
- Depth about 1 cm
- insert one leaf cuttings each
- put on coasters
- fill with water
- set up bright and warm (22° C, without direct sun)
- keep it evenly moist
Only when the existing pot is well-grown with rhizomes and roots does the Zamiokulkas need a larger pot and some fresh soil. As a rule, this is the case only every two to three years. If the plant is bright, it grows faster and needs to be repotted more frequently, with darker feathers it is sometimes only every 4-5 years necessary to put the plant in a slightly larger pot. Regardless of growth and pot size: The plant should always be given some fresh soil at least every two years when it is poured with normal tap water. Drinking water contains lime, which accumulates in the soil and leads to unfavorable soil conditions.
- Time: spring
- just select a little larger pot
- possible time for a division
- Very carefully remove the pot from the pot
- Shake out or tap old earth
- Leaves break off easily
- Fill drainage layer in new planter (about 3 cm)
- fill with some fresh substrate
- Insert plant
- Carefully fill in fresh substrate
- Always put the pot firmly on the base
- so the earth sags and cavities are avoided
- Press the earth lightly
A wintering in the true sense is not necessary for the evergreen Zamioculcas zamiifolia. However, the plant does well if it is slightly cooler in the winter months and less watered. However, the substrate may never dry out during this period of rest, because then the lucky spring throws off its leaves. Cold drafts or temperatures below 16° C can not tolerate the tropical plant. From April, more may be poured and fertilized again.
Diseases and pests
Pests are very rare in Zamioculcas zamiifolia. Occasionally it comes in very dry heating air to an infestation with spider mites or red spider. Yellowing the lower leaves of the plant, this indicates waterlogging. Rot the roots, the whole plant can die off. In this case, it should be immediately freed from the old earth, cut off foul roots and used in fresh substrate.
Conclusion of the editorship
Even people who do not have a green thumb at all can use the Zamioculcas zamiifolia to beautify their home or office with a lush green plant. It is extremely robust and easy to clean. She can only stand two things: waterlogging and the midday sun. Otherwise you can do almost nothing wrong with the lucky pen.
Worth knowing about Zamiokulkas soon
- Zamiokulkas likes a bright location, but no direct sunlight, at least no midday sun.
- The brighter the location, the faster the plants will grow and the lighter the leaves.
- If the plant is darker, it grows a little slower, but the leaves are beautifully dark green.
- In summer it can be anywhere in the room, in winter you can put it close to the window.
- The plant substrate must be well drained. It is favorable if it contains mineral parts.
- Commercially available cactus clay mixed with clay granules proved to be good.
- With normal potting soil you have to be careful with the watering, because this saves the water for a long time.
- In any case, a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot is recommended.
- With the repotting you wait until the plant pushes out of the pot or blows up the pot. It makes very strong roots.
- It is best to keep the plant evenly slightly moist. In winter you should pour a little less.
- In the spring, the plant starts again fully and drives new leaves.
- But you can also keep the Zamiokulkas zamiifolia quite dry overall and almost never water them in the winter. Then the plant dries back.
- In the worst case, only the thickened petioles remain.
- The plant, however, drives reliably when it is poured again in the spring.
- The Zamiokulkas is quite indestructible. Only stagnant water, so wet feet, she does not like.
- Fertilization takes place every three months with fertilizer sticks.
- The plant should be bright. Temperatures around 15° C are sufficient.
- You can also overwinter the Zamiokulkas in the warm living room.
- She likes it when she is sprayed with water every now and then.
- Casting is less than in the remaining months. It does not work.
- The easiest way is to multiply the zamiokulkas by division. The plant grows quickly and spreads.
- When repotting, it can be shared fairly easily.
- You can also multiply by leaf cuttings, but it takes a long time.
- Zamiokulkas zamiifolia appears to be resistant to pests and diseases.
- The only thing that can kill this plant are permanently wet roots, otherwise it is absolutely tough.