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The Zebra herb is an undemanding and very vigorous plant, which has a particularly decorative effect. Due to its variety of colors, it is a houseplant found in many households.
Appearance of zebra herb
The Zebra herb from Mexico has a very special color on the about four to ten cm long, fleshy leaves. The houseplant can be colored very differently. Variants with bright green colored top, two silver-white stripes and a purple-colored underside is just one of the many colorings. Likewise, there are many other shimmering leaf colorations, which are decorated with red, white or silver stripes. The oval, evergreen leaves have no stem and hang on long shoots. This makes them especially attractive for the culture in flower lights. Throughout the year, the plant makes small, inconspicuous flowers with three leaves each. These may appear in the colors pink to purple.
Zebra herb species
The most common species is the Tradescantia zebrina, which is particularly robust and colorful and can be found in many variants. Also hardy plants are found among the different species. The three most popular types at a glance:
- Zebrina pendula
- Zebrina pendula quadricolor
- Zebrina purpusii
Location for zebra herb
The zebra herb feels most comfortable in the brightest possible locations. If this is the case, the colors of the leaves can develop better and the plants grow slower, which ensures a denser growth. The more light these plants get, the stronger and brighter the colors become. The exclusively green-colored variants are also satisfied with a more shady location.
The zebra herb is comfortable both indoors and outdoors. It prefers a breezy space, ideally located on the patio or balcony. However, direct sunlight should be avoided. In the house a window seat is ideal. In summer, temperatures between 20 and 24° C are recommended. During wintering, the frost-sensitive plant tolerates cold temperatures up to 7° C, but better are slightly higher values between 12 and 15° C. At higher temperatures in winter, the leaves fade slightly.
Care of the zebra herb
The zebra herb can be planted in normal potting soil, but the plant is also thankful for compost soil. Should be poured sparingly. A little water once a week is quite sufficient. The soil should always dry a bit until the plant is poured again. This is how the plants achieve their most beautiful coloration. We recommend a lime-free or even lime-free water. Waterlogging is essential to avoid, as the Wuzeln can easily rot. During the winter months, the zebra herb is rarely cast. There is just enough water that the earth never completely dries up.
The houseplant has a very low nutrient requirement. During the main growing season, it should be fertilized with liquid fertilizer every 14 days. Once the roots of the plant have completely filled the flower pot, it's time to plant the zebra herb in a larger pot. This happens ideally in the spring. The zebra herb grows very quickly into a dense plant. The older the plant gets, the brighter it will be. It is therefore advisable not to let the houseplant grow longer than 30 cm, otherwise it does not look like much anymore. In order to preserve the beauty of the herbaceous plant and obtain a bushy growth, the end buds should be removed at regular intervals. However, if the plant has become bald down below, it can easily be completely cut back in the spring. After a short time, new, beautiful shoots are formed again.
Propagation of the zebra herb
The propagation of the zebra herb is quite simply possible through cuttings. For this purpose, in spring or summer, single, about 7 cm long shoots of the plant are cut off and can be plugged without problems in a pot of soil or compost soil mixture. After just one or two weeks, the plants start to grow. It is also possible to put the cuttings in a glass with water.After only two to three weeks, the small plantlets are quite strong rooted and can be planted in a flowerpot. To get a bushy-looking plant, it makes sense to put several cuttings in a pot.
Diseases, pests and application errors
The zebra herb is not very susceptible to pests and diseases. Application errors, such as frequently drying pot bales, can lead to brown leaf margins. The most important data at a glance:
- Growth height: about 30 cm
- Special features: all year round flowers, many colorful variants available
- Flowering time: distributed throughout the year
- Location: bright, airy, 20-24° C in summer, 12-15° C in winter
- Watering: moderately, let the soil dry again and again
- Fertilize: every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer
- Cut: regularly erupt the tips of the longer shoots
- Pests: rarely occur
- Diseases: hardly susceptible
- Propagation: by cuttings
Worth knowing about Zebra herb soon
The Zebra herb belongs to the plant genus of Zebrina. It is also known by the name Zebrina pendula and the zebra herb is a very fast growing plant. Since the plant grows so fast and much, it is ideal for balcony and garden and is mainly cultivated in hanging baskets. Their flowers are long and oval and they shine in strong colors. The main color of the flowers is green and they have two silver-looking stripes. The lower side of the strongly flowering leaves is violet colored. The flower consists of three leaves and from spring to summer it blooms throughout and is therefore ideal for a high-contrast planting in the garden and in balcony boxes.
The Zebrina pendula is the main genus of the species. Their subspecies are Discolor, Purpusii and quadricolor, The zebrina is very common and its flowers are a strong violet or deep pink:
- The discolor has thinner leaves. On their sides you can see two thin silver stripes. The leaf is bronze-like in the middle.
- The purpusii has big and hairy leaves. Her colors range from white to purple and she lacks the longitudinal stripes of the other varieties.
- The quadricolor on the other hand has very strong margins. Their colors are pink, yellow and silver-white.
- The zebra herb likes warm temperatures between 20 and 25 degrees Celsius.
- But it also thrives at 12 degrees, but this is the lowest limit and should be avoided if possible.
- The plant proliferates over cut head cuttings, which also very quickly beat roots in groups.