The Content Of The Article:
- The purpose of the Zen garden
- The design principles of Zen garden art
- Zen garden in the garden, step by step
- Miniature Zen Garden: Indoor version
Zen garden helps with meditation, meditation helps us stay healthy despite stress, anger and worry - so a Zen garden today is a must for every thinking and compassionate citizen. You can easily create this Zen garden yourself, following the instructions for outside and inside:
The purpose of the Zen garden"Zen" is the acronym for Zen Buddhism, a religion adapted to China from the 12th century onwards from China, which today accounts for around 80% of the Japanese (at the same time as the original Japanese Shinto, without exact demarcation). Zen garden nurturing / meditation is one of the ways to practice Zen Buddhism, in addition to tea ceremony, penmanship, floral arrangement, artistic bamboo flute and martial arts.
At the same time, the art of garden design in the Zen garden is not unaffected by Japanese garden culture, which in turn is an expression of Japanese philosophy and history. The special form of the Japanese garden, which in German colloquially Zen garden is called, in Japan Kare-san-sui, in German "dry landscape" or "dried up landscape". So a Japanese rock garden, dry garden or dry landscape garden, many of the most famous Japanese gardens are designed in Kare-san-sui style.
"Permitted" are in the Zen garden only gravel, rocks, boulders and moss as the only plant species, water is indicated by wavy structures in the gravel or sand areas. For Zen monks, contemplation of the Kare-san-sui is as much a meditation as is the story of the rock gardens.
Both are for a not experienced in the art of meditation German gardener may just cause you to take a moment of peace in everyday life - but that's what it's about, sometimes every now and then rest in everyday life brings a lot, as you already in the planning of your Remember Zen Garden:
The design principles of Zen garden artSince in a Zen garden only gravel, stones, boulders and moss must be designed, while the water is only indicated by creating wavy structures in the gravel, not too many basic principles should be considered in the design. These should, however, probably be carefully considered in order to achieve harmonious effects developed in the centuries to perfection:
- A defined area is covered with sand or gravel
- On it stones are distributed
- These boulders are supposed to represent hills and mountains, so they are not too uniform
- The arrangement of the stones must not give a logical pattern or a geometric shape
- Rather, the stones are said to "lie around randomly", as is the case in nature
- The stones should be "scattered" in odd numbers
- Usually five or seven large stones are used
- No compelling limitation, but rather the size of the occupied area owed
- The stones can be distributed in groups or placed individually
- Curved lines are drawn into the gravel areas with a wooden rake
- How deep and / or wide is left to the designer
- These curved lines are intended to symbolize the natural structures of waters
- Whether flowing stream or pond limited to the Zen garden, the designer decides
- It is only important that within the Zen garden no beginning or end of the lines is noticeable
- When several "symbolic waters" touch each other, the lines of the patterns should merge
- The water surfaces are created around the stones, because they should highlight the stone settings
- The decisive factor here is that the raked "water lines" flow around the previously placed stones
- It is not allowed to draw the lines in the sand first and then place the stones on them
- Such an approach would be considered an unsuccessful attempt to produce a copy of nature
- Strict rules, a simple and clear result; That is exactly how it should be
Makes all the famous Zen Garden appear, in fact the whole is a well-thought-out, complicated composition: there are 15 stones that can not be seen together from any angle; the area has just the right size to distribute the stones in such a way. The moss was also settled in a well-defined size around the stone groups as the surrounding raked circular "water surfaces", the rest of the gravel surface is raked in a straight parallel to the surrounding wall.This wall frames the Zen garden only to the south and west, exposing the view of the trees and bushes of the walk-in garden behind it; in the north, the temple building connects with a terrace, from which one can overlook the rock garden.
Even in Japan, the Ryōan-ji Garden shows the pinnacle of self-restraint on Zen design principles. Even with gravel, moss and stones, relaxing ensembles can still be created that depict quite lively landscapes. Sometimes it may be a few (pavement) stones more, and the surrounding plants can greatly affect the image of the Zen garden. If the Zen Garden is located in Verden in Lower Saxony, some plants, except moss, find place without losing the Zen character.
Zen garden in the garden, step by stepAlready the plant of the Zen garden belongs to the "considered reassurance", which the garden is to serve later. This is why a clearly structured step-by-step guide follows, so that you can let your mind wander as you go through the individual points:
1. Set area
The area for your dry garden should be as central as possible, but as far away from the frequently used paths as possible. It would be perfect, of course, if you can catch a glimpse of the freshly raked surfaces from the desk, because not only "Zen with the rake", but also the pure sight calms down.
Basically, size does not matter, so you can set it after finding the right place. For its selection is also crucial that it should be as level as possible piece of garden - at least for the gravel area, hillocks can be installed wonderful when they are planted with mosses.
Whether it's going to be an outdoor zen garden in miniature, because there's a lot going on in your garden, or you're designing the whole garden according to Zen principles, reducing garden maintenance to 10 minutes a year is only important if you do not want to include very small shrubs or trees. Surely possible, but a tree with moss and a square of gravel around it looks rather silly.
2. Level the floor
Pure relaxation brings the Zen garden only when the eye can rest on the gravel surface, and it can not, if in small bumps of the floor surface, the light breaks constantly. So get spirit level and guide and check the intended area in all directions. For the tiniest hillocks, the spade helps, flat, gentle heights can be brutally but effectively leveled with a lawnmower (best with a blunt lawnmower, because the knife will probably need to be sharpened if you have touched bottom surfaces).
If the ground is level, soft ground may need to be compacted, either with the roller or by giving it time to settle.
3. Select barrier for the border
A demarcation at the edge helps a lot if the Zen garden is to be integrated into the garden. In the absence of old monastery walls, you will need to provide grass edge stones, small shrubs or similar.
4. Gravel to fill
Inquire with a local building materials supplier, which gravel / coarse sand is best suited for your project. There are different sizes, sharp-edged stones and round pebbles; The latter can be raked to soft lines, while the sharp-edged gravel brings more expression into the surface.
The gravel offers a lot more possibilities, up to the artistic activity - it is at least offered in white, gray, beige and in several colors.
5. Big field stones
The boulders for the Zen Garden are also available from the builders' merchant, but maybe also at the quarry, if one is near you. Remember not to pick the most beautiful, roundest stones, a few broken edges are just what you want (and think of the odd number of boulders).
If you want to create a real Zen garden with moss, you have to plant it first. Perhaps rather unfamiliar, because you have only been confronted with removing moss from the lawn: there are moss plants to buy, eg. For example, the moss 'Forest Green', which forms a lush green carpet in no time.
7. Get zen tools
Next you need a wooden rake with a good hand and a sand smoothing machine.
8. A few western accents?
With all due respect to Zen traditions: Permission is what pleases; and if all sorts of self-proclaimed gurus introduce us to Business Zen, Ecology Zen, Street Zen, Therapy Zen, and Wellness Zen, you will not harm the idea of Zen if your Zen garden is adorned with a few plants,
Of course, bamboo plants are doing well in the Zen Garden - but plant and care will only stay "Zen" if you plant bamboo plants that do not need a rhizome barrier and do not want to conquer your garden without them. Otherwise, with the "fastest growing plants in the world," you'll be more likely to work in the garden.In their place remain all the bamboos of the bamboo genus Fargesia, which are available at any height between 1.5 and 6 meters and are very good for winter hardy.
For miniature Zen gardens offer bamboos of the genus Shibataea, z. For example, the bumblebee bamboo Shibataea kumasaca, which grows barely more than one meter in height, is a horst-forming dwarf bamboo that is hardy to minus 20 degrees Celsius. Avoid the bamboo genera Pseudosasa, Phyllostachys and Semiarundinaria; especially Phyllostachys do not stick to the boundaries of the Zen garden or the boundaries of the rest of the garden.
But it does not have to stay that way, you can integrate all plants already growing in the garden that "keep their roots". Or explore the Japanese side of your favorite flowers; would you have thought that our pansy is one of the symbols of the Japanese city of Osaka? You can even turn the Zen garden into a project that satisfies every horticultural ambition: there are numerous bonsai cultivated in the garden.
9. Put stones and distribute gravel
Now it gets more concrete, but better first on a piece of paper with which you spend some cozy evenings. For the distribution of the gravel you could borrow a roller in the hardware store, so you come very close to Zen perfection.
10. Nice accessories
It does not have to be bonsai juniper that will make a real difference in a few hundred years - you can bamboo articles, bridges, buddhas, pagodas, shrines, stone lanterns, tea houses, animal figures and stepping stones.
11. Integrate real water?
To integrate water in the Japanese garden, does not correspond to the classical Zen garden, but is still free. The objective of bringing nature and design into harmonic balance is certainly not opposed by a pool of water. Where there are accessories for Japanese gardens, you will also find a selection of matching pools.
12. Zen garden use, and often
Whether contemplation and gravel raking "just" to provide more serenity and relaxation, or you want to seriously approach the meditation: everyday life as an exercise is the way to transformation; And you can only meditate by meditating.
Tip: If you are not yet busy using the Zen Garden or the meditation does not bring the desired peace, you can continue with the rest of the garden, perhaps with a piece of garden designed according to the Feng Shui teachings. Then the relaxation can be followed a little bit further by the unhindered, positive flow of energy, which lets the chi flow freely and brings yin and yang into the right balance.
Miniature Zen Garden: Indoor version
Simple mini-gardens are ready to buy; create yourself costs a reasonably experienced hobby craftsman but only one evening:
- From wooden board and wooden strips build a rectangular frame of desired size
- About the size of a Din A4 sheet can be handled well on the desk or living room table
- Fill with sand or pebbles, here you can choose between fine and coarse and different colors
- Or you decide on a particularly noble variant and fill the frame with small semi-precious stones
- Zodiac gems or protective stones for / against specific emotions give personality to the miniature garden
- Tumbled stones in the desired color open up a wealth of design possibilities
- a very small rake
But the miniature zen garden for the desk usually deliberately does without decoration because otherwise there is not much room left for "contemplative raking". Unless you arrange the decoration on the outside of the place where the miniature zen garden stands when it is not in use. There, z. For example, in the flower window or on the wide window sill, the mini-garden can stand in the midst of bonsai, a room bamboo (Bambusa ventricosa, Buddha-bamboo) in the tub and Japanese decoration around it could complete the picture.
Tip: A third option is the Zen garden on the balcony. Especially on visible balconies, he brings two additional benefits: tidier the balcony has never looked, and many neighbors can relax with the same.