The Content Of The Article:
- Substrate & soil
- to water
- To cut
- Propagation over the fruit
- Multiply by Kindel
- Care mistakes and illnesses
Pineapples are not only popular in the local latitudes for their consumption. Also as a houseplant, the tropical fruit is offered in smaller form as ornamental pineapple. The pineapple comosus is usually easy to clean and can also be easily propagated. Even the fruit bears the plant, which, however, are quite small here. In order for the pineapple to form the small offspring, the so-called Kindel, it needs the right care conditions.
maintenanceThe ornamental pineapple behaves like her big sister whose fruits are available in the local trade. Therefore, the same is to be observed in the care. Since it is a tropical plant, it needs high temperatures and humidity. Only after a few years does it show a pink flower, from which the pink-colored fruit later develops. If it is ripe, then it is also edible, which is rare in the local latitudes. After a single fruiting the mother plant usually dies. But before that it forms many small offspring, the so-called Kindel, which can be used for an increase. And the fruit itself can be taken for the cultivation of a new plant. But it is easier to put a new plant on the child than the fruit itself.
Tip: If small children or free-roaming domestic animals are in the household, then it must be ensured that these do not come into contact with the spiky and possibly spiny leaves of the pineapple comosus, as these can lead to injuries if they are not handled properly.
LocationThe pineapple comosus is cultivated as a houseplant in a bucket, because it is not hardy, but in the warm summer months, it can also move outside. In the ideal location, however, the following conditions should be considered:
- bright and warm
- Temperatures not below 25° Celsius
- only morning and evening sun
- no direct midday sun
- Windowsill on an east or west window
- sheltered terrace or balcony
- ideal is a heated conservatory
- in winter turn a little darker and cooler
Tip: If the ornamental pineapple does not get enough light or warmth at the chosen location, it can also be helped here with a plant lamp and a heat lamp.
The ornamental pineapple is offered in the specialized trade in the pot. This is not suitable for further cultivation as a houseplant. Because the substrate should be replaced, usually it is the vessels even just cheap lightweight plastic pots. Therefore, the plant should receive a new bucket and be transplanted directly after purchase. The chosen vessel should also be a little larger than the existing pot. Planting is then done as follows:
- Pineapple does not tolerate waterlogging
- therefore apply drainage
- Potsherds, clay or stones over drain hole
- on this plant fleece
- fill in a part of the earth
- Carefully remove the plant from the pot
- Free rootballs of soil
- put in the planter
- fill with remaining soil and pour on
Substrate & soilThe pineapple, which is native to the sandy soils of the tropics, does not need many nutrients. Therefore, nutrient-poor cactus soil is best for the plant. For the permeability against waterlogging sand can also be mixed. Nevertheless, the soil should always be kept moist.
FertilizeThe ornamental pineapple does not need much fertilizer to grow and to form its flowers and later fruits. This means that it can be fertilized every one to two weeks during the summer months and around every four weeks in winter. For this commercial liquid fertilizer is used for flowering flowers, which is administered with the irrigation water. The fertilizer should never be given directly on dry soil, it damages the roots and they could burn.
Tip: Only after four to five years, a flower shows on the ornamental pineapple, so that here a little patience is needed, often in the trade, however, age-appropriate plants are offered.
to waterPineapple comosus needs more water in summer than in winter. Still, she should never be overpoured. When casting, you should therefore pay attention to the following:
- Use low-limp, soft water
- Trapped rainwater is ideal here
- pour more in the summer
- always keep it moist, do not let it dry out
- less water intake in winter
- Check the humidity of the earth with your finger
- also requires high humidity
- Sprinkle with water daily
- Place humidifier in the immediate vicinity
The ornamental pineapple usually does not need a pruning. Because she has a special feature.Once it has flowered and formed its fruits, it usually dies. Older plants between four and six years are usually available on the market, but they have already reached their perfume and mature size. However, the leaves should be removed regularly, which are yellow or dried. Because these not only look unsightly but also take the plant's strength, which it can put in the healthy leaves and the flower.
Propagation over the fruitThe fruits of the pineapple comosus are usually not ripe in the local latitudes and can therefore be taken from the shrub for propagation. Then a new plant can be pulled over the trunk. But this process is not easy, because it can quickly lead to rot and then form no roots. When propagating the fruit, proceed as follows:
- medium maturity of the fruit is optimal
- yellowish color and firm pulp
- Separate fruit from the mother plant
- cut the leaf from the fruit
- if the fruit is ripe, it can be consumed
- Remove all fruit residues from the stalk
- to heat for two to three days to dry
- protects against rot
- Put the stalk in a glass of water
- show first roots, these can be 3 to 5 mm long
Tip: Before the ornamental pineapple is to be propagated, the leaves of the plant should be checked. If these are not fresh green, then the plant can be sick. In such a case, an increase is not recommended, since the disease is usually already sitting in offshoots.
Multiply by KindelKindel is the offspring that forms a pineapple comosus.These highly visible side shoots directly at the base are formed by the mother plant before it dies after a single flowering and fruiting. The advantage of these kindles is that they are already small pineapple plants that have all the characteristics of an adult plant. The multiplication by Kindel succeeds then as follows:
- cut off all kindles around
- about ten to fifteen centimeters
- fill small pot with potting soil
- Also a peat-sand mixture is suitable
- Put Kindel in it
- Keep the soil moist, not too wet
- Slip over transparent film
- alternatively cut PET bottle neck
- put over pot
- partially shaded location is ideal
The plant must be aerated regularly so that it does not form too much moisture under the foil or plastic and the child becomes foul. After about eight to ten weeks new roots form on the young plant, the foil should now be completely removed. Now the ornamental pineapple is also transplanted into a larger pot and maintained and treated like an adult plant.
Tip: It should not be waived to take the Kindel for propagation. Because shortly thereafter, the mother plant dies. If the cubs were not planted in their own pots for rooting, they also die off, which can and should be avoided.
repottingSince the pineapple comosus grows only very slowly, it can be provided from the beginning of a sufficiently large vessel. So she does not have to be repotted in her relatively short life. Since usually a nutrient-poor substrate is used, the exchange of the earth is not necessary.
overwinterThe ornamental pineapple is not hardy and needs, as it comes from the tropics, warm temperatures throughout the year. So they should not fall below 18° C even in winter. Higher temperatures are usually better, so that the plant can remain at your site by a window or the heated conservatory. Furthermore, the following should be observed during wintering:
- pour less
- especially when it's not that warm anymore
- Continue to spray on the plant from above
- Reduce fertilizer inputs
- only every four weeks
- not completely set
Care mistakes and illnessesIf the ornamental pineapple is attacked by diseases, then these are primarily care mistakes that could be avoided. Because basically the pineapple plants are not very susceptible to diseases. Nevertheless, they can suffer so much from cool temperatures or waterlogging that they can seriously damage the plant's care. Even over-fertilization can be given. Therefore, if the otherwise lush green leaves of the ornamental pineapple turn yellow or brown, the following should be done:
- Check substrate for moisture
- it is too wet, remove plant
- Allow roots to dry
- put in fresh substrate and pour less
- even if overfertilized immediately remove the vessel
- remove all soil from the roots
- put in nutrient-poor substrate
- Do not fertilize in the near future
- Check ambient temperature
- eventually adjust if too cool
Especially in the winter months, the otherwise quite resistant pineapple is often attacked by scale insects. But this too is usually due to wrong care and this should be checked for the following points:
- the location may be too dark
- was fertilized too much in winter
- the plant is generally weakened for other reasons