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Ornamental bananas can grow to several meters. However, the commercially available specimens are usually bred so that they remain much smaller. They are good as potted plants.
LocationThe most suitable for the ornamental banana is a sunny location. It can be quietly placed in a south-facing window, but should be slowly acclimated to the sun. This is also the case if you bring the plant outdoors in the summer. In general, sun is tolerated, but only after a settling time in the shade, then in the light shade and the morning or evening sun can expose the ornamental banana the full sun. It is important that the location in the garden is windless or well protected from the wind. Due to too much wind, the leaves of the ornamental banana take damage, they "tattered". This does not harm the plant, but its appearance.
plant substrateAs planting substrate one can use unit earth. Better is a humus rich, water-permeable substrate. Favorable is a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot.
Pouring and fertilizingThe soil must be kept evenly moist. It must not be too wet. Between the waterings, the surface of the planting substrate is allowed to dry well. In winter, the waterings are dependent on the temperature. The cooler the winter, the less water is poured.
Ornamental bananas like it when they are regularly sprayed with soft water. This increases the humidity and ensures that the large leaves do not dust.
overwinterWintering of the ornamental banana takes place brightly and at temperatures that are around 16 to 18 ˚C. Pouring is moderate, so that the plant substrate does not dry out. It does not work.
plantingThere are gardens in Germany that have banana trees all year round. These are real bananas, but also some ornamental bananas. A planting is only possible in areas with mild winters. The plants must be additionally protected. This is often quite expensive for large copies.
Ornamental bananas in the planter can also be wintered outside. The bucket should be close to a warm wall and protected from the wind. It is also beneficial to protect the leaves from the strong winter sun. In any case, the planter should not stand directly on the cold ground. You pack one or better two Styrofoam plates underneath and wrap thick fleece around the bucket. One can also use wire mesh and stuff inside with many leaves, the main thing is that the earth and the root do not freeze.
multiplyThe ornamental banana is increasingly being bred by Kindl or daughter plants. These can be easily separated from the mother plant. Care must be taken to separate, if possible, some of the rhizome of the mother plant. That helps with the rooting. Even if the child is not needed for reproduction, they should not be allowed to grow. Separate them so that they do not cost the mother plant extra strength and weaken it.
Ornamental bananas can also be grown from seeds.
Diseases and pestsIf several leaves turn brown at the same time, this is often because pests have attacked the ornamental banana. Most are spider mites. In addition, the root can be damaged by improper care, usually it is too much water. It then starts to rot. It usually only helps to repot and remove rotting root parts.
When spider mites invade, this is often a sign that the banana is not feeling well, as the pests prefer to infect weakened plants. So you have to see where "the shoe presses" and fix the error. Against the insects help systemic agents that are absorbed by the plant. When the spider mites suck the sap they absorb the toxins and die.