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Climbing plants on the façade help every house to become quite unique and have many other advantages.
Numerous historic houses are admired for their beautiful plant facade decoration in the fall. Zierwein is responsible for that, which could also decorate your façade:
Which ornamental wine should it be?
The family of grapevine plants (Vitaceae) comprises about 700 species, which are distributed in varying degrees throughout the world. In turn, the vine shoots are subdivided into subfamilies, of which three genera produce species that can be traded as ornamental plants and that you might encounter as ornamental wine. These are the grapevines (Vitis), the maiden vines (Parthenocissus) and the mock vines (Ampelopsis). There are considerable differences between the varieties, some varieties have z. B. adhesive disks, others not.
Therefore, if you want to plant a wine, choosing the right variety for the purpose is almost more important than any care and cut. In addition to the type of climbing and the adhesion, there are other arguments for or against one or the other ornamental wine. Some species are able to grow very tall, others are not higher than 3 or 4 meters, some spread over the facade, others are looking for the straight path. There are species that develop stems of considerable diameter, while others better adapt to a trellis. Some ornamental wines can suffer from harsh winters, and last but not least, it has to be decided whether grapes should be harvested.
Plant ornamental wine
When the right ornamental wine is found, the rest of the treatment is not very problematic. In their needs, all types of ornamental wine are quite unanimous: they feel comfortable in a water-permeable, preferably loamy soil, which has alkaline or neutral pH values. Ornamental wine can stand shade and sun, if you have chosen a fruit-bearing species, a location on a south side or southeast side helps to abundant harvest. Even the autumn color may turn out to be a bit more splendid in a very sunny spot.
Ornamental wine can be planted at any time between late autumn and early spring, when the temperatures are mild enough, the temperature of the earth, of course, must not be in the freezing range. If you plant the ornamental wine on a wall of a house, you are dealing here mostly with a not very nutritious soil, which should therefore be prepared for the planting of ornamental wine. They raise a large planting hole (at least 50 x 50 x 50 cm) and fill it with well-moist clay, within this area is now the planting pit for the ornamental wine, which should best be planted as well-rooted potted goods.
If the wine is planted on the wall of the house, you should keep about 50 cm distance and use the stick slightly inclined to the wall of the house, where the plant is then led away. So you can remove the wine and trellis during facade work and lay on the floor. In case of doubt, give the roots a bit more space when planting and sprinkle the soil over them very carefully, the roots of the young plants are quite sensitive and should not be damaged. Then you can rake some mature compost on the surface, but it should not come into contact with the roots, which could then burn.
Once the vine has grown properly, it needs little care. Mostly it grows pretty much by itself, if you want to get a nutrient-poor site on a house wall, you could get a ground check for certainty about the nutrient supply. A nutrient deficiency can cause low growth, then the vines enjoy a monthly fertilization from May to July. Recommended for the ornamental wine is a complete fertilizer with high magnesium content, which acts fastest when it is applied liquid.
Cutting ornamental wine
The young wine is raised from the beginning, the first year is about building a strong tribe. For this purpose, only a few strong side shoots are left during the growth phase, the others can be simply clicked off. If a strong stem has developed, you should continue to pay attention in the early years that the ornamental wine does not develop too many side shoots. You should also take most of the grapes away, the ornamental wine should now put as much power in the building growth. The vomiting during the vegetation phase ensures the timely closure of the wound before hibernation. If this "ground floor" of the hive has developed a strong stem of about one centimeter thickness, start with the winter cut in February or March:
- You cut the lignified shoot back to the desired trunk height, to one meter is recommended.
- He will now again develop side shoots from which you will choose two shoots that grow from the lowest eyes at the level of the first crossbar or the first horizontal rope of the jungle gym.
- These are allowed to stand still and grow up, all other drives are taken away. These two shoots build up the first floor, they will be placed on the side branches of the trellis next spring.
- Only when the ornamental wine has filled this first floor with strong growth pretty well, build up as the first a second floor, and so on.
- Overall, the more the ornamental wine is cut back, the more it will grow, but the berries will become less.