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The Zinnia is an annual krautige cut flower and belongs to the family of aster family. The natural origin of the daisy family are brownfields and roadsides in central Mexico and Nicaragua. The plant can be recognized by an upright, unbranched to branched growth, which can reach a size of up to one meter.
There are a number of different Zinnia varieties, which differ significantly in terms of growth habit and appearance. Since the 19th century, new varieties of jewelry zinnia have been bred in European garden centers. This comes with simple, sometimes with densely filled flowers therefore, the color of the petals ranging from white to yellow to different reds.
Special features of zinnia
- Zinnias need very little care, but enough moisture during the summer season to form a stalk as strong as possible.
- When sowing in the month of March, the bloom of the colorful summer flower extends from the beginning of July to the end of October.
- Since the zinnia is extremely sensitive to frost, wintering of the plant can only take place in warm places, suggesting a pot planting.
- Normally zinnias are reseeded each spring to the desired location in the garden.
Zinnias are heat-loving plants and need a sunny, sheltered location for the magnificent thriving. The soil should have good permeability and sufficient substrate. It is ideal for garden compost or soil enriched with manure. The proven site for your own garden are exposed flower beds, or discounts. Even vegetable beds offer the Zinnia a possible place, as it benefits from especially tomato plants. The positive feature of zinnia is its resistance to nematodes, which often target the roots of tomato plants.
As early as in February, we can begin to prefer the zinnias that are available everywhere in the specialist trade. For this purpose, a maximum of three seeds in a low planter to 3 mm depth are covered with potting soil and placed in a warm place in the house. The germination period is usually 10 to 12 days. From mid-May, the preferred plants can then be planted outside. Also, a direct sowing in the field can take place from this time. It should be noted that zinnias should best be sown in rows about 30 cm apart at a depth of 3 cm.
For flower lovers who want to quickly enrich their garden with zinnias, look at the weekly or garden markets from the end of May for young plants. From the beginning of frost-free nights, zinnias are ready to be planted in the garden. You should keep a distance of about 25 cm between each plant. Ideal is a sunny, wind-protected and nutrient-rich location, the soil should never dry out. So that the plants bloom all summer, one regularly cuts off the withered, because that stimulates the bud formation and lets the plant branch.
Flowering of zinnias
The flowering period extends to the months of July to October. The flowers are quite large and reach a diameter of up to 5 cm, sometimes larger. The zinnia has strong green leaves in triangular shape.
Fertilization of zinnias
Zinnia, too, needs sufficient water and nutrients for its intense colors. Free-range plants should therefore be supplied with a liquid fertilizer once a month. Not recommended is the use of long-term fertilizer with one-year life of the plant. As a potted or balcony plant, the zinnia can regularly receive fertilizer in the form of liquid fertilizer once a week due to the available space. In a substratum-rich soil as a planting base, which was fertilized with compost in the previous year, the addition of fertilizer is only partially necessary and addresses the needs of Zinnia.
Cut and multiplication
Zinnias grow in an upright natural way, for a multiple flowering result, the end tips are cut in the young plant to achieve a bushy growth with several flowers. Withered and withered material should be removed at any time for a nice after-flowering. After blooming in the fall, the entire plant is taken out of the ground and disposed of. If you want to propagate zinnia plants yourself, you can let the flowered inflorescences dry on the stems and easily store the seeds in a dry and well-protected place for the coming year.
Diseases and pests
If the planting is too dense, mildew can occasionally occur on the leaves. This is recognizable by its white and sticky surface. Mildew can be easily treated by cutting infected areas or fought with a fungicide.A sustainable ecological use against mildew can be done with a splash of milk or whey, while whey 1: 1 or milk 1: 5 is mixed in proportion to water and applied.
Worth knowing about Zinnias soon
Zinnias are not only very popular for their own garden, but are also excellent as cut flowers. They are characterized mainly by their easy care needs and the long-lasting flowers. In addition, they can be combined well with other perennials and grasses to give the garden that certain ambience. They bloom throughout the summer season in a variety of colors. Suitable for outdoor use, as well as in a pot on a terrace or balcony. The positive characteristics of the plant, from simple sowing to possible hibernation make the Zinnia a colorful summer flower for hobby gardeners and flower lovers.
- The Zinnia, with Latin name as Zinnia elegans Compositae designated belongs to the family of the daisy family.
- Originally the plant comes from Mexico, is used today as an annual plant in beds, window boxes and pots.
- A very nice picture emerges with the combination of lavender and sage.
- There are a number of different varieties, which differ primarily from their stature height.
- In addition, they are found in a variety of colors: from white to yellow to the most diverse reds.
- The flowering period extends to the months of July to October. The flowers are quite large and reach a diameter of up to 5 cm.
- The leaves of zinnia are rich green and the leaves are lanceolate to ovate.
- The sowing can be done directly in the field, but before that the soil must have warmed up. The pre-breeding in pots and bowls is possible.
- Optimal is a temperature between 20 and 25° C, then the germination takes place after 10 to 24 days.
- Eligible is a bright location, if possible on the windowsill.
- The young plants should be acclimated to the conditions of the outdoor area and planted in the frost-free outdoor bed.
- Direct sowing requires potting as soon as the seedlings are large enough.
- The Zinnia needs a sunny, warm and sheltered location, as well as a well-drained soil.
- When transplanting you should make sure that the sensitive roots are not injured.
Flowers of the zinnia that have faded should be removed for a good and rich post-bloom. It is recommended that the plants are regularly fertilized once a week and watered regularly. Waterlogging must be avoided, however. The zinnia can be affected by spider mites, snails and aphids. These animal pests must be combated early.